WORLD GEOGRAPHY AND CULTURE Final Exam Study Guide

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Geography
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study if people, their enviorment, and their resources.
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Maps
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made from a particular point of view and usually stretches what is important.
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Projection
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ways of showing earth on a flat surface.
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Market Economy
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individuals answer basic economic questions by buying or selling goods and services.
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Mixed Economy
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individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes some.
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Diffusion
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movement of customs or ideas from one place to another.
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Ethnocentrism
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judging other cultures by standards of their own cultures.
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Physical Region
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any area with humans or human evidence.
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Human Environment Interaction
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humans interactions with or to the environment.
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Prime Meridian
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imaginary line dividing the earth.
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Industrial Revolution
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huge industrial technological advances.
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The Cold War
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political and economic struggle between United States and Soviet Union.
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Nationalism
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pride and loyalty to one’s country.
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Westernization
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adoption of western culture.
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Imperialism
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control by one country of political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
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The United States
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group of nations promising to preserve peace and cooperating in solving global social and economic problems.
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The Nile
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4,160 mile long river, flowing northward across Africa.
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Aswan Dam
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massive dam in upper nile.
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The Great Rift Valley
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in eastern Africa, many rivers feed.
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Rain Forest
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tropical forest with lots of rainfall
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Savanna
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wet and dry tropical area with shrubs and bushes.
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Desert
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large fry and sandy areas.
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African Climate Regions
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tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, and moderate Mediterranean.
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Geographic Features of Africa
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tropics, highlands, desert, semidesert.
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Desertification
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turning semi arid land into desert.
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Kingdom of Axum
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African center of trade.
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Gold Salt Trade in Africa
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west africa traded common resources like golf for rare salt, which was plentiful in the east, which had no gold.
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Mansa Musa
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ruled Mali form 1312 to 1337, converted to Muslim
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European Demand for African Slaves
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American colonies needed workforce, huge African slave demand grew.
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Women in African Society
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status in society varied, sometimes very powerful, sometimes just property.
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Extended Family
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large family group (grandparents, multiple families) all living together.
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\”Middle Passage\”
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European Rule in Africa
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many countries had colonies in Africa, but Africans resisted.
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Problems With Rapid Population Growth in Africa
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health care cannot be provided for all the people, there is not enough food.
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Agriculture in Africa
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technology is still outdated, traditional agriculture is prevalent.
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African Attitude Towards Westernization
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Population Issues in China
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1/7 of the worlds population, not enough housing or services.
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Gentry
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higher upper class of society’s landowners.
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Foot Binding
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women with big feet thought they were ugly.
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Mandate of Heaven
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chinese belief that heaven grants a ruler a mandate, or right to rule; in turn, the people owe the ruler complete loyalty and obedience.
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Boxer Rebellion
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anti foreign Chinese, was crushed by international army.
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Opium Wat
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war broke out after Chinese destroyed British opium, British won.
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Confucius
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China’s best known philosopher born 551 b.c., started Confucianism.
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Ancestor Worship
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popular religion theme, worshiped all dead and living ancestors.
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Filial Piety
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according to the chinese philosopher confucius, the duty and respect that children owe their parents.
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Mao Zebdong
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communist dictator, failed, many died and revolted.
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Communists Takeover in China (1949)
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through propaganda, communist took over China.
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Deng Xiaoping
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Mao’s 1978 successor, introduced responsibility system.
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The Great Leap Forward
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Mao’s effort to modernize China, horrible failure.
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Taiwan
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island off of China, usually high tensions, economic and industrial power.
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Korea
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2 countries, peninsula off China, north is communist, south is thriving.
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\”Hermit Kingdom\”
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Korea, since relations where discouraged.
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Korean Wag
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war between North and South Korea, U.S. stepped into fight north.
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38th Parallel
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division line between North and South Korea.
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Geography of Japan
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archipelago mountains chair of islands, earthquake prone.
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Relationship Between China and Japan in the Middle Ages
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Shintoism
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Bushido
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Women’s Role in Japanese Society
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Japan During the Age of Imperialism
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Meiji Restoration
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The Great Depression
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American Occupation of Japan
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The Tale of Genji
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The Japanese Economic Miracle
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The Fertile Cresent
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Hammurabi’s Code
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Monotheism
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Geography of the Middle East
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Muhammad’s Teachings
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The Crusaders
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Mosque
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The Ottoman Empire in the 1800s
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Suez Canal
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The Balfour Declaration
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Islam
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The Five Pillars of Islam
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The Golden Age of Muslim Civilization
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Aswan Dam
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massive dam in upper nile.
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Palestine
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Israel
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Persian Gulf War
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