Windows Utilities Facts
Ease of Access: modify the behavior of input and display devices to accommodate users with special needs
Fonts: View, remove, or add to all fonts that are currently installed on the computer.
Devices and Printers: View, configure, add, or remove devices such as printers, scanners, and cameras
Region and Language: to configure various settings such as language preference, default currency symbols, and date and time notation.
Hardware and Sound: To view and configure the current system sound settings, installed audio devices, sound cards, printer settings, and other hardware settings
Windows Firewall: Manage network traffic that is allowed or denied through the Windows host-based firewall
Action Center: Review recent error messages and options for resolving issues
System and Security: Configure Windows Update, manage Power Options, configure Backup and Restore, and use Admin tools
Applications tab: View the status of all current applications running on the computer. Use this tab to terminate unresponsive applications.
Processes tab: View the status of all current processes running on the computer and the PCU and memory resources they use. Use this tab to modify the priority of a process or terminate unwanted processes
Services tab: View a list of services running on the computer. You can use this tab to start and stop a particular service.
Performance tab: View system-wide processor and memory statistics
Networking tab: View and monitor the status of the current network connections
-Local Users and Groups
– Windows Firewall with Advanced Security
To open a blank console, type “mmc” in the Run box. You can then add snap-ins to work with the configuration of your system. The console consists of two or three panes:
-The tree pane (on the left) organizes in a hierarchy
-The results pane (in the middle) shows objects and configuration options
-The actions pane (on the right) lists the actions you can take on objects. (The actions pane is new with Windows Vista)
You can save a console that includes the snap-ins you use most (saved consoles have the “.msc” extension). Microsoft provides a number of preconfigured consoles that include snap-ins for common tasks.
-On the start menu, right-click Computer and select Manage
-Double click Computer Management in Administrative Tools in Control Panel
-The Application log contains a list of all application-related events such as application installations, un-installations, and application errors.
-The System log contains a list of all system-related events such as system modifications, malfunctions, and errors.
-The Security log contains a list of all security-related events such as security modifications and user login events
Additions logs might be added by applications or services
-When set to Automatic, the service is started automatically by Windows when the system boots
-When set to Manual, the service must be manually started
-When disabled, the service will not run
-A counter identifies a specific statistic, such as % Processor Time or % Disk Free Space
-You can add or remove counters to customize the statistics you can see.
-Real time data are displayed in a graph
-Performance Monitor by itself does not save any data. To save statistics over time, use a data collector set.
-Overall system stability is given a stability index that ranges from 1 to 10 (10 being the most stable). The stability rating is affected by application, hardware, Windows, and other failures.
-Reliability Monitor shows an historical chart that identifies when software installs/uninstalls and failures have occurred. By clicking on a day, you can view the changes to the system that have affected it stability.
-OS system version
-Computer manufacturer, processor type, available memory
-Installed devices and drivers used
-Applications that run at system startup
You can only view, not modify, configuration setting in Msinfo32.
-Configure startup preferences
-Configure system components
-View and customize Windows setup components
-Customize bootup configuration
-Turn services on or off
-Enable and disable startup utilities and programs
-OS system version
-Processor and memory info
-Settings and drivers used by display devices
-Input devices (mouse, keyboard, USB)
-On XP, click Start, then Run…. Type cmd in the Run box and press Enter
-On 7/Vista, click Start and type cmd in the Search box
-Whenever a change is made to preferences, software, hardware, and user-settings, those changes are stored and reflected in the registry.
-The preferred method of modifying the registry is to use the applications or managements tools that write to the registry. For example, many Control Panel applets make changes to registry settings.
-There will be some advanced settings that can only be made by directly editing the registry
1. On the Start menu, click Control Panel
2. In Control Panel, click Administrative Tools
3. In Administrative Tools, click Data Sources (ODBC)
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security supports a more granular firewall configuration than can be created using the Windows Firewall applet in Control Panel. For example, it can filter traffic based on parameters such as:
-Source IP address
-Destination IP address
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