whitney breslin 1304

question

Which of the following would NOT be considered a clinical trial?
answer

a study looking at the effects of a new drug on tumors in mice
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Mallory wants to start eating healthier and exercising more often. She knows it would give her more energy and increase her overall wellness. She is currently researching nutrition and exercise plans and gathering information that will help her along her journey towards a healthy lifestyle. According to the Stages of Change Model, which stage is Mallory currently in?
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Contemplation
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Which of the following statements about public health is incorrect?
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Public Health is the study of the health of an individual
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According to the ecological model, several levels of influence affect your personal health. Which of the following factors would be on an individiul or personal level?
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Age
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The ecological model identifies the various levels of factors that influence personal health. These levels include individual factors, relationships, community, and societal factors.
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True
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Which of the following would be considered the most reliable source of health information?
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a medical doctor giving you a health recommendation based on a new study published by the New England Journal of Medicine
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Why is the Stages of Change Model often presented as a spiral?
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Because relapse is common and you may go through each stage more than once
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f you are trying to quit smoking, which of the following would be considered a perceived barrier to your behavior change, according to the Health Belief Model?
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the majority of your friends are smokers
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Which of the following factors would NOT fall into to the community level of the ecological model?
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a person’s skill set
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Which of the following would be considered an aspect of physical health, as defined by the WHO?
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Cardiovascular Disease
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Cholesterol profile has been implicated in the development of various forms of CVD. Which of the following statements are correct regarding HDL cholesterol?
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It minimizes the accumulation of plaque in blood vessels
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Due to aggressive warning campaigns promoted by the US government, ciagarette smoking is no longer considered a major health concern.
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False
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The Cardiovascular disease risk for an entering college freshman who is overweight, smoking, and has hypertension is 200% greater than a healthy student.
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True
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Which of the following statements are correct concerning the blood cholestrol profile of a healthy individual?
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DL should exceed 60 LDL should not exceed 100 total cholesterol should not exceed 200
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Children cannot develop type II diabetes mellitus because it is “adult onset”
answer

False
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Which of the following are considered symptoms of type II diabetes mellitus?
answer

elevated CVD risk
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The most appropriate laboratory method to determine cholesterol profile is accomplished using which type of sample?
answer

blood
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According to the lecture, which of the following are considered an appropriate treatment for an individual who has high cholesterol?
answer

lose excess fat weight exercise regularly consume a diet low in fats and cholesterol
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The CDC recently reported that what 35% of Americans will develop Hypertension in the lifetime.
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False
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According to the lecture, which of the following are the appropriate treatments for an individual with hypertension?
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reduce dietary salt intake maintain a healthy body weight regular exercise
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Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, includes which of the following?
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Four types of nucleotide bases
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Which of the following statements about DNA and genes is FALSE?
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The sequencing of bases within a gene is of little significance
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The tendency to become addicted to alcohol has been found to run in families; ______________ factors, however, such as high job stress also play a critical role in the development of alcoholism.
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environmental
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Research suggests that our personality traits are inherited at conception.
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True
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When a change occurs in a gene, it is called a(n):
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Mutation
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Which of the following is NOT considered a treatment for genetic disorders?
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Genetic counseling
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What is the purpose of creating a family health tree?
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To discover your personal health risks and strengths
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A family health tree is also called a genogram or a genetic pedigree.
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True
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When an individual shows signs of an illness, a(n) _________________ test may help confirm or exclude the possibility of certain diseases.
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Diagnostic
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Alternative forms of the same gene are called:
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Alleles
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A positive result for a predictive test ensures the eventual development of the genetic disorder in the individual
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false
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Most genetic disorders are caused by single-gene mutations
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false
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Genetic disorders caused by multiple genes interacting with the environment are called:
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Multifactorial
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The Human Genome Project confirms that:
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There are clearly defined genetic differences among human races.
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Twenty-two of our 23 chromosome pairs are the same for men and women and do not determine gender. These chromosomes are called ____________________.
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Autosomal chromosomes
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An achievement orientation is associated with which personality type?
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Type A
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IQ is the best predictor of success in life.
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False
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An approach to psychological research that, instead of studying mental illness, studies such things as happiness, character strengths, and healthy emotions is called
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Positive psychology
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Positive things we must adapt to = “good stress”
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Eustress
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One way to fight illness is to induce the relaxation response during moments of stress.
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True
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A sense of self-efficacy means that you believe you are:
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In control of your circumstances
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Which of the following is one of the most important factors in a mentally healthy life?
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Social support
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Which of the following is most strongly associated with mental health?
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Optimism
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People who tend to be impulsive, who need to get things done quickly, and who are sometimes considered hostile, competitive, or impatient, are Type ____ individuals.
answer

A
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The brain is fully developed by the time a child reaches puberty.
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False
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Hostility is related to coronary heart disease and premature death.
answer

False
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A(n) _______________ is an agent that elicits a stress reaction.
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Stressor
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The outlook that tends to view problems as temporary and specific is called ________.
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Optimism
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Which part of the brain activates the stress response?
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Cerebral cortex
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One way to fight illness is to induce the relaxation response during moments of stress.
answer

True
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The stress response is a series of ____________ that occur in the face of a threat.
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Physiological changes
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Which system controls our involuntary, unconscious actions?
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Autonomic nervous system
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The basic premise of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory is that people will pursue their highest potential when:
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Their basic needs are met.
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IQ is the best predictor of success in life.
answer

False
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The ___________________, or stress response, prepares us with a burst of energy to deal with threats or danger.
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Fight-or-flight response
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Which of the following dyssomnias is the most common in adults?
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Insomnia
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Typically, an individual experiences one sleep cycle each night.
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False
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Scientists believe that creative and novel ideas are more likely to flourish during which state of sleep?
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REM sleep
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The increase in the length and frequency of REM sleep episodes that are experienced when a person sleeps for a longer time after a period of sleep deprivation is called the REM ____________________ effect.
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Rebound
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Attempting to cancel out sleep debt by sleeping longer on the weekend is a viable solution to decreasing weekday sleep deprivation.
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False
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Sleep disorders in which the timing, quality, and/or quantity of sleep are disturbed
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Dyssomnias
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Light alerts the biological clock to cease secreting which hormone that promotes sleep?
answer

Melatonin
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Characterized by periods of binge eating while asleep
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Nocturnal eating disorder
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Sleep of shorter duration than the average basal need of 7 to 8 hours is called sleep ________________.
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Deprivation
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Zach often wakes up in the morning and finds his refrigerator empty and wonders where all of the food went. He may have which sleep disorder?
answer

Nocturnal eating disorder
question

The most important consideration for intake of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids is the ratio in which they are consumed. In general, Americans consume too much Omega 6, and not enough Omega 3.
answer

True
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The essential macronutrients are water, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
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False
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Which of the following statements about water is correct?
answer

Drinking adequate amounts of water can help replenish electrolyte stores and maintain fluid balance
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Which of the following statements about carbohydrates is NOT correct?
answer

Carbohydrates contain 9 calorie per gram
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Which of the following is not a category of the Dietary Reference Intake?
answer

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range
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One way to determine if bread is really whole-wheat or whole-grain is to look at nutrition facts to determine the amount of fiber per slice. Two slices of whole grain bread will contain at least 4 grams of fiber.
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true
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Insoluble fiber is important to include in your diet, because it lowers cholesterol and slows digestions, which helps maintain blood sugar levels.
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False
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Which of the following statements about fats is correct?
answer

Fats can be either saturated, monounsaturated, or polyunsaturated
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Which of the following statements about fiber is NOT correct?
answer

Total fiber intake refers to the total amount of soluble and insoluble fiber included in the diet
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Trans fats are produced through the process of hydrogenation and pose a great health risk. Trans fats should be avoided, as much as possible. The state of California has even banned the use of trans fats in restaurants completely.
answer

true
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Which of the following statements about protein is NOT correct?
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Protein is made up of 20 essential amino acids
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The water-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K cannot be dissolved in water, so excess is stored in fat tissue. If intake is too high, toxicity can occur over time.
answer

false
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The UL for vitamin E is 1,500 IU. What does this number mean?
answer

That is the maximun amount of vitamin E one should consume in a day to avoid toxicity
question

The essential macronutrients are water, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
answer

False
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Which of the following is NOT a purpose of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
answer

to provide information on intake of specific nutrients for health and wellness
question

Which of the following statements about carbohydrates is NOT correct?
answer

Carbohydrates contain 9 calorie per gram
question

Just under half of US college students meet the minimum recommendations for daily physical activity.
answer

True
question

Short-term exercise interventions have been consistently shown to improve cognitive function.
answer

False
question

Which type of stretching incorporates a series of bouncing movements designed to increase joint range of motion?
answer

Ballistic Stretching
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Which of the following would NOT be considered a component of skill-related fitness
answer

Muscular Strength
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Muscular strength can be measured by the number of pushups you can complete.
answer

False
question

Which of the following tips can help you incorporate more physical activity into your daily life?
answer

All of these
question

Sarah has been running the 3 mile loop at Memorial Park 3-4 times per week for almost a year. It takes her about 30-min each time. When she first started this program, she noticed big increases in her cardiorespiratory fitness. Lately, it seems like her fitness level has plateaued. Which general training principle is Sarah not applying to her training program?
answer

Progressive Overload
question

You are a personal trainer designing an exercise program for a client. In order to design a program tailored to your client, you discuss with your client their likes and dislikes, skills and abilities, and amount of time they have available to spend working out. Which general training principle are you applying?
answer

Individuality
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Which of the following questions is NOT used to determine if you are currently at a health body weight?
answer

Do you have a attractive, fit appearance or figure?
question

Which of the following individuals falls outside of the healthy, ideal range of body fat percentages?
answer

A female athlete with 8% body fat
question

Jack wants to lose weight. He has decided to set some physical activity goals to help him achieve the weight loss. He is a full-time student during the day and also works 4-5 evenings as a server at a popular restaurant, so he doesn’t have much free time to schedule formal workouts. Which of the following goals would not be considered SMART goals?
answer

Despite his busy schedule, Jack wants to try to exericse for at least an hour 6 days a week. He plans to buys a membership at a gym across town.
question

Which of the following statements about weight loss is INCORRECT?
answer

In order to lose 2 pounds per week, you must achieve a daily calorie deficit of 500 calories per day.
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A sudden, unintentional loss of weight can indicate several different health problems, including:
answer

All of the above
question

Obesity is a multifactorial problem, that can rarely be attributed to a single cause or factor. Which of the following factors would NOT increase a person’s risk for becoming obese?
answer

Having two healthy weight parents
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According to the most recent statistics, which of the following is correct?
answer

Two-thirds of American adults are overweight
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Which of the following are useful behavior management tools?
answer

All of these
question

Which of the following statements about BMI is NOT correct?
answer

A BMI range from 18.5 to 30 is ideal and associated with a low risk of death
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Epidemiological data indicates that obesity is associated with all of the following, except:
answer

Breast cancer
question

Which of the following statements about energy balance is correct?
answer

The main determinant of daily energy expenditure is your basal metabolic rate
question

Which of the following individuals falls outside of the healthy, ideal range of body fat percentages?
answer

A female athlete with 8% body fat
question

Obesity is a multifactorial problem, that can rarely be attributed to a single cause or factor. Which of the following factors would NOT increase a person’s risk for becoming obese?
answer

Having two healthy weight parents
question

Which of the following questions is NOT used to determine if you are currently at a health body weight?
answer

Do you have a attractive, fit appearance or figure?
question

How often should one apply sunscreen to prevent the development of skin cancer?
answer

Every 60 minutes
question

Prostate cancer is most common in men younger than the age of 50.
answer

False
question

When the term “primary” is used regarding lung cancer, which of the following statements would be most correct?
answer

Primary suggest that the tumor starting in the individual’s lungs
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As of 2005, about 66% of all cancer deaths could be attributed to use of tobacco products.
answer

False
question

The average age for the diagnosis of prostate cancer is 73
answer

True
question

In terms of the cancer grading scale (i.e. severity), what is the most severe grade?
answer

4
question

Healthy lifestyle factors, which are known to decrease ones risk of developing cancer are.
answer

Good nutritional habits Regular physical activity Minimal alcohol consumption No tobacco use
question

Skin cancer is the most preventable and most common forms of cancer.
answer

True
question

According to the lecture, what is responsible for the decrease in prevelance of cervical cancer over the past 30 years?
answer

Pap smear test
question

Which of the following are risk factors for the development of lung cancer?
answer

Cigarette Smoking Radiation exposure

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