western civ Essay

question

For the Romans, Italy’s geography
answer

made Rome a natural crossroads and an area easy to defend.
question

The Twelve Tables was/were
answer

the first formal codification of Roman law and customs.
question

As a result of the First Punic War
answer

the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from Sicily and pay an indemnity to Rome.
question

Rome set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by
answer

offering the most favored “allied” peoples full Roman citizenship, thus giving them a stake in successful Roman expansion.
question

The result of the Third Punic War was
answer

the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.
question

It can best be said that Roman imperial expansion was
answer

highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.
question

Rome was established in the first millennium B.C.E. on the
answer

plain of Latium.
question

Which one of the following innovations enabled Romans to erect giant amphitheaters, public baths, and high-rise tenement buildings?
answer

concrete.
question

Sulla’s legacy and importance was that he
answer

employed his personal army in political disputes, paving the way toward Roman civil war.
question

Among the dangerous military innovations of Marius threatening the Republic, one finds he
answer

recruited destitute volunteers who swore an oath of allegiance only to him.
question

Julius Caesar
answer

led military commands in Spain and especially Gaul that enhanced his popularity.
question

By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar showed that he
answer

was willing to disobey the direct orders of the Senate.
question

The Twelve Tables was/were
answer

the first formal codification of Roman law and customs.
question

As a result of the First Punic War
answer

the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from Sicily and pay an indemnity to Rome.
question

Rome set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by
answer

offering the most favored “allied” peoples full Roman citizenship, thus giving them a stake in successful Roman expansion.
question

The Roman senator who led the movement for the complete destruction of Carthage was
answer

Cato.
question

The result of the Third Punic War was
answer

the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.
question

It can best be said that Roman imperial expansion was
answer

highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.
question

In Rome, the male family head, the paterfamilias, could
answer

all the above
question

Which one of the following innovations enabled Romans to erect giant amphitheaters, public baths, and high-rise tenement buildings?
answer

concrete
question

Sulla’s legacy and importance was that he
answer

employed his personal army in political disputes, paving the way toward Roman civil war.
question

The people to the north of Rome who apparently ruled Rome for a century and heavily influenced Roman urban culture were the
answer

Etruscans.
question

The First Triumvirate was a political alliance between Crassus, Julius Caesar, and
answer

Pompey
question

By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar showed that he
answer

was willing to disobey the direct orders of the Senate.
question

As Rome expanded, it became Roman policy to govern the provinces with officials known as
answer

proconsuls and propraetors.
question

Philip II planned to defeat the Greek cities by
answer

breaking up their hoplite formations with cavalry.
question

The Hellenistic dynasty that lasted the longest was the
answer

Ptolemaic.
question

The Hellenistic era describes an age that saw
answer

the extension and imitation of Greek culture throughout the ancient Near East.
question

The famous Indian ruler who sent Buddhist missionaries to Greek rulers was
answer

Asoka.
question

The Aetolian and the Achaean leagues were
answer

located in central Greece and the Peloponnesus.
question

In his Philippics, Demosthenes
answer

portrayed Philip II as a looming threat to Greek freedom.
question

Which class of women achieved the most notable gains during the Hellenistic period?
answer

upper class
question

Who wrote the treatise, “On Chastity”?
answer

Phintys.
question

The Greek god of healing, thought responsible for miraculous cures in the Hellenistic period, was
answer

Asclepius.
question

An especially important cultural center with the largest library in ancient times was
answer

Alexandria.
question

Isocrates
answer

hoped that Philip would unite the Greek world in a campaign against Persia.
question

Hellenistic sculpture
answer

was more emotional and realistic than classical Greek sculpture.
question

What was the primary difference between the philosophy of the Greek classical period and philosophy during the Hellenistic period?
answer

Hellenistic philosophy dealt more with human happiness disassociated from the life of the polis.
question

In the Hellenistic era, medicine
answer

progressed due to the use of dissection and vivisection.
question

All of the following were conquered by Alexander except
answer

Arabia.
question

Alexander’s military success against the Persians was in part attributable to
answer

the role of Alexander’s cavalry as a strike force.
question

Which of the following was Alexander’s last battle against the Persian king Darius?
answer

Guagamela.
question

At the Battle of Gaugamela,
answer

the Greeks under Alexander were able to break the center of the Persian line and with boldness turn the battle into a rout.
question

Alexander the Great’s conquests in Asia occurred despite
answer

his eventual difficulties in convincing his troops to fight so far from home.
question

The basic unit of early Mesopotamian civilization was the
answer

city-state.
question

The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
answer

human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
question

Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
answer

were more severe for the lower classes.
question

The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
answer

Nile River and the pharaohs.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
answer

agriculture
question

Originally the Osiris cult was reserved for
answer

the wealthy who could afford preservation of the body.
question

The words of the Hebrew prophets
answer

all of the above
question

The Phoenicians’ contributions to the ancient Near East included all but
answer

their defeat and destruction of the Hebrew’s twelve tribes.
question

The Assyrians are important in history for their innovations in
answer

empire building.
question

Scholars agree that between ____ and ____ B.C., the Israelites emerged as a distinct group of peoples who established a united kingdom known as Israel.
answer

1200 and 1000
question

Assyrian society was well known for its
answer

assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
question

Assyrian art was primarily concerned with
answer

glorifying the king, hunting, and war.
question

The central, sacred text of Zoroastrianism is the
answer

Zend Avesta.
question

The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
answer

Persian.
question

Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
answer

revenge
question

Hominids split off from the great apes around six million years ago in
answer

Africa
question

Amenhotep IV is best known for
answer

the temporary installation of the god of the sun disk in Egyptian culture.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
answer

a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
question

The term Ma’at expresses the Egyptian belief in
answer

truth, justice, and order in the universe.
question

The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
answer

agriculture.
question

Growing appreciation of astronomy among European peoples after 4000 B.C. is best seen in
answer

megalithic observatories.
question

The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
answer

Stonehenge
question

The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
answer

a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
question

Scholars agree that between ____ and ____ B.C., the Israelites emerged as a distinct group of peoples who established a united kingdom known as Israel.
answer

1200 and 1000
question

The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
answer

Babylon
question

The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
answer

Persian.
question

Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
answer

construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
question

The Hebrew religion
answer

was an ethical religion centered around the law of God.
question

Sumerian kings derived their authority from
answer

the gods.
question

Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
answer

were more severe for the lower classes.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
answer

a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
question

The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
answer

Chauvet
question

One of the few female pharaohs was
answer

Hatshepsut
question

The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
answer

Stonehenge.
question

The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
answer

a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
question

The words of the Hebrew prophets
answer

all of the above
question

Assyrian society was well known for its
answer

assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
question

The relationship between the Assyrian king and his officials was based on
answer

loyalty.
question

The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
answer

Babylon.
question

The Persian Empire reached its largest territorial boundaries under
answer

Darius.
question

Which of the following statements about the Persian army is true?
answer

By the time of Darius, the army had become professionalized.
question

Sumerian kings derived their authority from
answer

the gods.
question

Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
answer

were more severe for the lower classes.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
answer

a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
question

The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
answer

Chauvet
question

One of the few female pharaohs was
answer

Hatshepsut.
question

The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
answer

Stonehenge.
question

The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
answer

a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
question

The words of the Hebrew prophets
answer

all of the above
question

Assyrian society was well known for its
answer

assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
question

The relationship between the Assyrian king and his officials was based on
answer

loyalty.
question

The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
answer

Babylon.
question

The Persian Empire reached its largest territorial boundaries under
answer

Darius.
question

Which of the following statements about the Persian army is true?
answer

By the time of Darius, the army had become professionalized.
question

The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
answer

Nile River and the pharaohs.
question

Amenhotep IV is best known for
answer

the temporary installation of the god of the sun disk in Egyptian culture.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
answer

agriculture
question

The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
answer

Chauvet
question

In the thirteenth century the Egyptians were driven out of Palestine and back to their original frontiers by the
answer

“Sea Peoples”
question

The Hittites were
answer

a and d
question

The Assyrians are important in history for their innovations in
answer

empire building.
question

The principal economic basis of Assyrian society was
answer

agriculture based on farming villages.
question

The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
answer

Babylon.
question

The founder of the Persian Empire, who defeated Babylon and freed the Jews from captivity in 539 B.C., was
answer

Cyrus the Great.
question

The Persian Royal Road stretched from Sardis to the capital at
answer

Susa
question

The Persian King Cyrus the Great was succeeded by his son
answer

Cambyses II.
question

Which of the following statements concerning Zoroastrianism is false?
answer

It did not include a final judgment or a last judgment among its beliefs.
question

Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
answer

construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
question

The Hebrew religion
answer

was an ethical religion centered around the law of God.
question

Hominids split off from the great apes around six million years ago in
answer

Africa
question

Mesopotamian religion was
answer

one in which no one god reigned supreme and deities were closely related to cities.
question

Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
answer

were more severe for the lower classes.
question

The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
answer

Nile River and the pharaohs.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

Originally the Osiris cult was reserved for
answer

the wealthy who could afford preservation of the body.
question

The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
answer

a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
question

Many scholars today
answer

doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
question

The founder of the Persian Empire, who defeated Babylon and freed the Jews from captivity in 539 B.C., was
answer

Cyrus the Great.
question

The elite infantry of the Persian army were known as the?
answer

Immortals
question

The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
answer

Persian.
question

Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
answer

construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
question

Mesopotamia is located in the valley of the
answer

Tigris and Euphrates rivers
question

The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
answer

human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from
answer

the fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony.
question

For administrative purposes in the Old Kingdom, Egypt was
answer

divided into provinces called nomes and governed by nomarchs.
question

The Hyksos
answer

were a Semitic-speaking people who infiltrated Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C.
question

The Egyptian Pyramids were
answer

conceived and built as tombs for a city of the dead.
question

Akhenaten is best known for his unsuccessful attempt to reform Egypt’s
answer

religion.
question

In ancient civilizations, bronze would replace copper because
answer

bronze was harder and more durable.
question

The term “civilization” refers to human societies which, amongst other features,
answer

have an urban focus and a distinct religious structure.
question

Many scholars today
answer

doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
question

Which of the following was not part of the Hebrew religious tradition?
answer

the revelation
question

The Persian Empire’s system of satrapies allowed for
answer

a sensible system of collecting tribute based on an area’s productive capacity.
question

Zoroastrianism was
answer

monotheist (one god).
question

The sun god, who became a helper of Ahuramazda and later, in Roman times, the source of another religion, was
answer

Mithra.
question

Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
answer

revenge.
question

Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
answer

construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
question

Mesopotamia is located in the valley of the
answer

Tigris and Euphrates rivers
question

The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
answer

human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
question

Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
answer

Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
question

According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from
answer

the fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony.
question

For administrative purposes in the Old Kingdom, Egypt was
answer

divided into provinces called nomes and governed by nomarchs.
question

The Hyksos
answer

were a Semitic-speaking people who infiltrated Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C.
question

The Egyptian Pyramids were
answer

conceived and built as tombs for a city of the dead.
question

Akhenaten is best known for his unsuccessful attempt to reform Egypt’s
answer

religion
question

In ancient civilizations, bronze would replace copper because
answer

bronze was harder and more durable.
question

The term “civilization” refers to human societies which, amongst other features,
answer

have an urban focus and a distinct religious structure.
question

Many scholars today
answer

doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
question

Which of the following was not part of the Hebrew religious tradition?
answer

the revelation
question

The Persian Empire’s system of satrapies allowed for
answer

a sensible system of collecting tribute based on an area’s productive capacity.
question

Zoroastrianism was
answer

monotheist (one god).
question

The sun god, who became a helper of Ahuramazda and later, in Roman times, the source of another religion, was
answer

Mithra.
question

Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
answer

revenge.
question

Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
answer

construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
question

The development of the polis had a negative impact on Greek society by
answer

dividing Greece into fiercely competitive states.
question

The Greek polis put primary emphasis on
answer

cooperation between its citizens for the common welfare.
question

The Spartans made the army the center of their society because
answer

they feared an uprising by their helots.
question

The Lycurgan reforms resulted in
answer

the establishment of a permanent military state in Sparta.
question

The immediate cause of the Persian Wars was
answer

a revolt of the Ionian Greek colonies in Asia Minor.
question

The English archaeologist ____ uncovered the Bronze Age Minoan civilization on Crete.
answer

Sir Arthur Evans.
question

During the Age of Pericles
answer

Athenians became deeply attached to their democratic system.
question

“The unexamined life is not worth living” is a cornerstone of the philosophy of
answer

Socrates.
question

The civilization of Minoan Crete
answer

a and c
question

The Peloponnesian War resulted in
answer

the defeat of Athens and the collapse of its empire.
question

The Sophists
answer

were professional teachers who seemingly questioned the traditional values of their societies.
question

A popular Minoan sport was
answer

bull jumping.
question

In classical Athens, male homosexuality
answer

was practiced and tolerated in part as a means by which mature men instructed young males about the masculine world of politics and patronage.
question

Mycenaean kings used the title
answer

wanax
question

What were the chief characteristics of the Greek Dark Age?
answer

It was a period of migrations and declining food production.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member