Volleyball Study Guide PE

Ace
A serve that is not passable and results immediately in a point.

Antenna
The vertical rods (normally white and red) mounted near the edges of the net. The antennas are mounted directly above the sidelines and are not-in-play. Antennas are not usually used on outdoor nets.

Approach
Fast stride toward the net by a spiker before he jumps in the air.

Assist
Passing or setting the ball to a teammate who attacks the ball for a kill. This stat is normally only logged for high school, college, and National/Olympic team play.

Attacker
Also “hitter” or “spiker.” A player who attempts to hit a ball offensively with the purpose of terminating play in his or her team’s favor.

Attack Line
A line 3m from the net that separates the front row players from the back row players. Commonly referred to as the “10-foot line.”

Backcourt
The area from the endline to the attack line.

Back Row Attack
When a back row player attacks the ball by jumping from behind the 3m line before hitting the ball. If the back row player steps on or past the 3m line during take-off, the attack is illegal.

Block
A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court. It may be a combination of one, two or three players jumping in front of the opposing spiker and contacting the spiked ball with the hands.

Bump
a common term for forearm passing.

Center Line
The boundary that runs directly under the net and divides the court into two equal halves.

Dig
Passing a spiked or rapidly hit ball. Slang for the art of passing an attacked ball close to the floor.

Dink
A legal push of the ball around or over blockers.

Floater
A serve which does not spin or rotate and therefore moves in an erratic path. This is similar to a “knuckle ball” pitch in baseball.

Forearm Pass
Join your arms from the elbows to the wrists and strike the ball with the fleshy part of your forearms in an underhand motion.

Free Ball
A ball that will be returned by a pass rather than a spike. This is usually called aloud by the defense instructing players to move into serve receive positions.

Held Ball
A ball that comes to rest during contact resulting in a foul.

Hit
To jump and strike the ball with an overhand, forceful shot.

Hitter
Also “spiker” or “attacker”

Jump Serve
A serve that is started by the server tossing the ball into the air and jumping into and hitting the ball in its downward motion.

Kill
An attack that results in an immediate point or side out.

Let Serve
A serve that contacts the net. If the ball dribbles over, it’s playable just like any other ball that contacts the net on the way over. If the ball fails to clear the net, it will become dead when it either hits the serving team’s court, or is contacted by a player on the serving team.

Mintonette
The original name of the game of volleyball, created by William Morgan.

Outside Hitter
a left-front or right-front attacker normally taking an approach which starts from outside the court

Overhand Pass
A pass executed with both hands open, controlled by the fingers and thumbs, played just above the forehead.

Overhand Serve
Serving the ball and striking it with the hand above the shoulder.

Pancake
A one-handed defensive technique where the hand is extended and the palm is slid along the floor as the player dives or extension rolls, and timed so that the ball bounces off the back of the hand.

Serve
One of the six basic skills; used to put the ball into play. It is the only skill controlled exclusively by one player.

Service Error
An unsuccessful serve in which one or more of the following occurs: 1) the ball hits the net or fails to clear the net, 2) the ball lands out of bounds, or
3) the server commits a foot fault.

Set
The tactical skill in which a ball is directed to a point where a player can spike it into the opponent’s court.

Setter
the player who has the 2nd of 3 contacts of the ball who “sets” the ball with an “Overhand Pass” for a teammate to hit. The setter normally runs the offense.

Side Out
Occurs when the receiving team successfully puts the ball away against the serving team, or when the serving team commits an unforced error, and the receiving team thus gains the right to serve.

Spike
Also hit or attack. A ball contacted with force by a player on the offensive team who intends to terminate the ball on the opponent’s floor or off the opponent’s blocker.

Underhand Serve
a serve in which the ball is given a slight under-hand toss from about waist high and then struck with the opposite closed fist in an “underhand pitching” motion.

117 years
How Old Is Volleyball?

United States
originated in…

soccer
ranks only behind _____ among participation sports

William G. Morgan
Who created the game of volleyball?

basketball, baseball, tennis, handball
takes the blend of these four sports

physical contact
demanded less what?

tennis
net borrowed from ______

at Springfield College, on July 7,1896
the first game of volleyball was played where and when?

1895
William G. Morgan (1870-1942) created the game of volleyball (date)

1964
Volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo (date)

1996
2-person beach volleyball debuted as an Olympic Sport (date)

six
___ players on a side

attackers, blockers, setters
front players can be…

passers, diggers, setters
back players can be…