Vocabulary from Chapter 2: Problem-Solution Essays Flashcard

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face
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(verb) to have to deal with a difficult situation, to have a problem, to confront something difficult Examples: 1. Everyone _______ problems. 2. Language, immigration status, getting jobs, and emotions are some issues that immigrants _____.
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propose
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(verb) to officially suggest that something be done, to suggest Examples: 1. Smith _______ that the rules be changed. 2. You will identify a problem and then _______ a possible solution.
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critical thinking
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(noun) making a careful judgment about whether something is good or bad, considering different ideas or opinions about something Examples: 1. You will practice the ________ ________ that is necessary to solve a problem effectively. 2. I think ________ ________ is a very important factor in writing a good essay.
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effective
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(adjective) having a successful result, producing the result that was wanted Examples: 1. Bicycle helmets are _______ in preventing some types of injuries. 2. Only talking in English everywhere and every time is an _______ way to learn English.
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sleep-deprived
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(adjective) not having enough sleep, or lacking sleep Examples: 1. _______ students in her school cause a problem. 2. There are many _______ students in high school. 3. Recently I was _______ and felt uncomfortable.
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daydream
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(verb or noun) to think about nice things so that you forget what you should be doing, to stop paying attention because you are imagining other things Examples: 1. Joan sat at her desk, _______ing about Tom. 2. Jeff is sitting on the sofa and is _______ing about what video game he should play.
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distracted
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(adjective) not able to think clearly, can’t pay attention because you’re concentrating on something else Examples: 1. Have you ever been _______ by a sleepy classmate? 2. Jeff is always _______ when he’s listening to music in class.
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lack of
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(noun + preposition) not have something, or not have enough of it Examples: 1. Is _______ sleep a problem of students in school? 2. Jeff has a _______ bananas because Alonso ate them all.
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disturb
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(verb) to bother Examples: 1. Please do not _______ me, I am trying to work on something very important. 2. It _______ the teacher when her students fell asleep during class!
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motivation
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(noun) the reason why you want to do something, the main point that pushes you to do something Examples: 1. I have a strong _______ to achieve my goals. 2. What was the _______ for his actions?
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achieve
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(verb) to succeed in getting a good result or in doing something you want, to pursue or reach something successfully Examples: 1. You have to work a lot harder if you want to _______ your goals. 2. In order to _______ this number, students will keep a record of their sleep every night.
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strengthen
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(verb) to become stronger or make something stronger, to make a feeling, belief or relationship stronger Examples: 1. Family dinners _______ your connection to your child. 2. I’m _______ing my English skills.
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dress code
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(noun) a standard of what you should wear for a particular situation, a rule or pattern for what you can and can’t wear Examples: 1. Some schools have their own _______ _______. 2. Sometimes elegant restaurants have a _______ _______; they require men to wear a jacket and tie, and they don’t let people wear sneakers.
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element
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(noun) one part of a plan, system, piece of writing, etc; a part of something Examples: 1. Giving speeches, collecting money, and helping people register to vote are basic _______ of his campaign. 2. We study many elements of English in our class, for example grammar, reading, writing, vocabulary, etc. 3. Oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and carbon are some of the basic elements that make us and our world.
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reach
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(verb) to arrive somewhere, to achieve something Example: 1. John had _______ed the point in his life when he knew he had to make some changes. 2. We have to study hard to _______ our goals.
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peer
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(noun) someone who is the same age, has the same type of job, has the same rank, etc – someone who is on a similar level Examples: 1. Barton has gained the respect of his _______s. 2. We have many _______ in our English class. 3. A difficult part of growing up is called \”_______ pressure,\” which means that sometimes other people our age try to convince us to do something so we can be like everyone else.
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academic
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(adjective) relating to education, especially in a college or university, about school Examples: 1. The academic year starts on September 3rd. 2. Rong’s son received an _______ award for his efforts.
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obey
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(verb) to do what you are supposed to do, to follow orders or directions Examples: 1. Children should be taught to _______ the law. 2. \”Sit,\” he said, and the dog _______ed him immediately. 3. If you don’t _______ the doctor, you will never feel better.
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routinely
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(adverb) regularly, usually Example: 1. Students should _______ practice the vocabulary and grammar they learn in class. 2. My friend _______ exercises. She runs 3 miles every morning at 6:30am, while I am sleeping.
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value
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(verb) to believe that something is very important, to care about something (an idea, a person, or an object) Example: 1. If teachers show that they _______ rested students, it is probable that students will _______ their rest more, too. 2. Some people value _______ more than anything else, while other people _______ their family, friends, and other relationships more.

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