USH Unit 2 pt 2. Reconstruction Essay

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General Outline
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I. Intro II. Newfound Equality III. Slavery by Another Name IV. Anger resultant of Af. American’s freedom V. Conclusion
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I. Introduction
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A.
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Following the Civil War, there was much political, social, and economic damage that needed to be addressed
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B.
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The purpose of Reconstruction was to repair these issues, which are all causes branches off from the primary cause of slavery and racial injustices
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Thesis:
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Although the purpose of Reconstruction after the civil war was to create equality among all races, this cause increased anger toward Af. Americans, thus leading for Reconstruction to be insuccessful
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II. Newfound Equality Outline
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A. What did this mean? B. How this failed
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A. What did this mean?
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1. Blacks can establish Churches 2. They have the ability to become educated 3. led to development of 15th amendment (vote) 4. No slavery
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B. How this failed
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1. Establishments and education underfunded- impossible to receive equality 2. places remained segregated 3. Slavery still present
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III. Slavery by Another Name Outline
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A. Continued demand for labor by white landowners B. Peonage C. 13th amendment
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A. Continued demand for labor by white landowners
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1. Blacks couldn’t buy their own land (no $) –> 2. sharecropping: landowners lend out land to slaves, who can’t pay back –> 3. kept blacks in debt to white landowners –> 4. restricted their economic mobility
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B. (this is called) Peonage
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1. Working off debt 2. ultimately surrenders freedom 3. another form of slavery
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C. 13th amendment
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1. Prohibits slavery…EXCEPT for convicts 2. prejudice against blacks, naturally seen as criminals 3. people would target Af. Americans to place in jail 4. these convicts would work for private landowners is a form of slaver labor –> 5. slavery was still present even though it was banned
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IV. Anger resultant of Af. Americans’s freedom outline
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A. Southern Resistance 1. Black Codes 2. KKK
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1. Black Codes
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a. limit rights of Af. Americans, kept them in similar condition to slavery b. Johnson (president) supported this!
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2. KKK
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used terrorism to intimidate Af. Americans and those in favor of black equality/those who supported the Republican gov’ts
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3. Violence increased
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congressed passed three enforcement acts, one of which outlaws the activities of the Klan
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4. Over 3000 Klan members arrested
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a. only a few hundred were convicted and served time in prison b. shows how the white advantage remained prominant
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V. Conclusion outline
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A. Reconstruction was unsuccessful B. How reconstruction could have been successful
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A. Reconstruction was unsuccessful
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1. failed to address the major racial issues in the south (still labor, prejudices, against abolitionism, inferior) 2. Civil Rights movement (100yrs later, shows how racial issues were not fully addressed when they needed to be)
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B. How Reconstruction could have been successful
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1. Johnson could have been more focused on social issues rather than economic recovery 2. Gained more support (public support diminishes, full commitment to land redistribution, enforcement of civil liberties) 3. More time and $ (10 yrs later, funding dries up $ reconstruction forced to end, w/ time and $ better chance for Reconstruction to fully commit to all issues)

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