USACMLS Hazardous Materials Awareness Flashcard

 

Hazmat responders have legal implications:

 

Liability –

 

Negligence –

 

Standard of Care –

Responsible to perform, legally bound

 

Failure to act

 

do not go above and beyond your level of competency

 

 

Difference between laws and regulations –

 

 

Code of Federal Regulation:

 

carry the weight of….

How many titles?

Laws – enacted by legislation

 

Regulation – mandated by laws and tell how to comply/implement the laws correctly.

 

 

there are 50 titles and they carry the weight of a law

 

 

 

 

 

Clean Water Act:    Established (3 things)

 

 

Mandates Federal Regulations

 

 

National Response System (NRS)

 

National Contingency Plan (NCP)

 

National Response Team (NRT)

 

 

 

Resourse Conservation and Recovery Act

 

(RCRA)

 

Key Word:

 

 

Key Word: Waste

 

Deals with treatment, storage and disposal

 

Environmentally safe handling

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liablility Act of 1980

 

(CERCLA)

 

Commonly known as the _____ 

 

Expanded the _____

 

Cradle-to-Grave

 

Commonly known as the superfund

 

Expanded the NRT

 

Cradle-to-Grave – if you create the chemical, you must properly dispose of it.

 

Also emphasized emergency response

Occupational Safety and Health Act

(OSHA)

 

Key Words: ______

 

Covered Under: ________

 

Created in 1970

 

Covers what safety issues (7)

Key Words: Worker Safety

 

Covered under: 29 CFR 1910:120

 

1) Emergency Response Plans

2) Incident Command System

3) Presence of a safety officer

4) Appropriate protective equipment

5) Buddy system

6) Backup personnel

7) EMS Support

 

 

 

EPA 40 CFR 300-311

 

 

National Oil and Hazardous Substance Contingency Plan.

 

Uses the same regulation (29 CFR 1910.120) as OSHA so EPA and OSHA states are the same

 

 

DOT 49 CFR 100-199

 

(look for key in title as to what it regulates, there are 6 things)

 

Enforced by _____ and ______ agencies

Covers Hazmat Transportation Regulations (hence the DOT)

 

1) Shipping Requirements

2) Placards and labeling

3) Shipping papers

4) Containers

5) Classifications

 

Enforced by state and local agencies

Consensus Standards –

 

Mandatory when adopted, but will be judged by peer review (must abide by even if not adopted)

Updated on a 5 year cycle


explain the following:

NFPA 471 –

NFPA 472-  chap 4

NFPA 473-

NFPA 471 – the recommended practices

(before qualification)

Applies to all responders, common terminology, personal protection, safty, communications

 

NFPA 472 – professional competancy

(tells you what you can do)

29 CFR 1920.120 based on this

Exceeds EPA and OSHA requirements

 

NFPA 473EMS Competency

Awareness level first responders:

 

May be the first at the scene

 

They are expected to: (4 things)

 

1) Recongize the presence of hazardous materials

 

2) protect themselves

 

3) call for trained personnel/assistance

 

4) secure the area

 

 

An Awareness level first responder should:

 

Analyze the incident (Survey/look – don’t touch)


Implement (from the LERP, SOP and ERG)

;

(Elaborate on these two)

1) Analyze the incident


a) Detect – presence of hazardous material

b) Survey – from a safe location

c) Collect – info from ERG

;

2) Implement

;

a) Initiate Protective Actions (Isolation/Protection)

b) Initiate the notification process

;

Define:

;

NFPA: Hazardous Materials

;

;

DOT: Hazardous Materials

NFPA: defined by NFPA 472. A hazardous material is a substance (solid, liquid, or gas) that when relased is capable of creating harm to people, the environment, and property

;

DOT: Poses an unresonable risk to the health and safety of operating or emergency personnel, the public and/or the environment if it is not properly controlled during handling, storage, manufacture, processing, packaging, use, disposal, or transportation. It covers all of the hazard classes/divisions.

Define:

;

Hazardous Substances:

;

;

Extremely Hazardous Substances:

Hazardous substances: EPA term for chemicals that, if released into the environment above a certain amound, must be reported, and, depending on the threat to the environment federal involvment in handling the incident can be authorized

;

Extremely Hazardous Substances: EPS term for chemicals that must be reported to the appropriate authorites if released above the threshold reporting quantity

Define:

;

Toxic Chemicals –

;

Hazardous Wastes –

Toxic Chemicals: EPA term for chemicals whose total emissions or release must be reported annually by owners and operators of certain facilities that manufacture, process, or otherwise use a listed toxic chemical

;

Hazardous Wastes: EPA term for chemicals that are regulated under the Resource, Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Define:

;

Hazardous Checmicals –

;

Highly Hazardous Chemicals –

;

Dangerous Goods –

;

Hazardous Chemicals: OSHA term that denotes any chemical that would be a risk to emplyees if exposed in the work place

;

Highly Hazardous Chemicals: OSHA term for those chemicals that possess toxic, reactive, flammable, or explosive properties

;

Dangerous Goods: Hazardous materials in Canada

;

;

;

;

The DOT has classified hazardous materials according to their _____ _____

;

;

Primary Danger

;

Materials that have more than one danger will only be groupled under the one considered the worst

;

(Canada’s hazard classes are the same as ours)

Classes of Hazards

 

Every

Good

Little

Soldier

Oughta

Practice

Reconizing

Corrosive

Materials

Explosive

Gases (compressed)

Flammable Liquid

Flammable Solid

Oxidizer

Poisons

Radioactive

Corrosive

Miscellaneous

Class 1 – Explosion

 

Placard has Orange Background

 

Division 1.1 – Mass explosion Hazard

(examples)

 

Division 1.2 – Projection Hazard but not mass explosion (examples)


1.1 examples – black powder, TNT, dynomite

 

 

1.2 examples – aerial flares, detonation cord, power device cartridges

Division 1.3 – Fire Hazard plus either or both a minor blast and/or minor projection hazard

(examples)

 

Division 1.4 – Minor explosion Hazard

does not contain more than 25 grams (.9oz) of a detonating material

if detonated, mostly confined to package

(examples)

1.3 examples: Liquid-fueled rocket motors, propellant explosives

 

1.4 examples: Line throwing rockets, practice ammunitin, and signal cartidges

Division 1.5 – Very insensitive explosives (can have a mass explosion, but are stable substances that would need a catalyst)

 


Division 1.6 – Extremely insensitive articles – no mass explosion hazard

1.5 examples – prilled ammonium, nitrate fertilizer, fuel oil mixtures (blasting agents)

 

1.6 examples – Squib devices

Class 2 – Gases

 

Placards:

 

Flammable – Red background, white flame

Non-flammable – green background, white cylinder

Oxidizer – Yellow background, Flaming ‘O’

Poision Gas – white background, skull and crossbones

 

Major Hazard: BLEVE

 

Boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion

Division 2.1 – Flammable Gas

 

boiling point less than 20 C or 68 F and 14.7 psi

(examples)

 

Division 2.2 – Nonflammable, nonpoisonous compressed gas. includes, pressurized cryogenic gas and liquified gas

(examples)

Division 2.1 examples – inhibited butadienes, methyl chloride, propane

 

Division 2.2 examples – anhydrous ammonia, cryogenic argon, carbon dioxide, compressed nitrogen

Division 2.3 – Poisonous Gas (toxic if inhaled)

poses a transportation hazard

(examples)

 

Division 2.4 Corrosive Gases (Canada)

Division 2.3 examples – anhydrous hydrogen fluride, arsine, chlorine, and methyle bromide

 

Division 2.4 anhydrous ammonia

Class 3 – Flammable and Combustable Liquid

 

Major Hazard – Burns easy

 

Placards:

 

Red background with flammable or combustible on them


 

 

Flammable Liquid – flash point of 141 F or less

 

3.1 – flash point less than 0 F

3.2 – flash point 0 to 73 F

3.3 – flash point 73 F – 141 F

 

Examples – acetone, amyl acetate, gasoline, methyl alcohol, toluene

 

Combustible Liquid– doesn’t meet the definition of other hazard classes and has a flash point between 140 F and 200 F

;

Division 4 – Flammable Soldi, Spontaneously Combustible and Dangerous When Wet

;

Major Hazard – rapid combustion and lots of smoke

;

Placards:

Flammable Solid – Red and white verticle stripes

Spontaneously Combustible – White top red bottom

Dangerous when Wet – blue background

Division 4.1 – Flammable Solid

;

1) Wetted explosives- wetted with liquid to suppress explosive properties

2) Self-reactive materials- decompose due to high transport temperatures or contamination

3) Readily combustible solids – cause fire through friction

;

Examples: magnesium, nitrocellulose

Division 4.2 – Spontaneously Combustible material;

;

1) Pyrophoric material – can ignite w/in 5 minutes of contact with air

2) Self-heating material – self-heats with air

;

Examples: aluminum alkls, charcoal briquttes, magnesuim alkyls, phosphorus

Division 4.3 – Dangerous when wet

;

Becomes spontaneously flammable or gives off toxic gas when contacted by water

;

Examples: calcuim carbide, magnesium powder, potassium metal alloys, sodium hydride

Class 5 – Oxidizers and Organic Peroxide

;

Major Hazards

;

5.1 – Supports Combustion, intensifies fire

5.2 – Unstable/Reactive Explosives

;

Placards:

Yellow with Flaming ‘O’

;

Division 5.1 – Oxidizer – yeilds oxygen, can cause or enhance combustion of other materials

;

Examples: ammonium nitrate, bromine trifluorioide, calcuim hypochlorite

;

Division 5.2 – Organic Peroxide – Contains a bivelent [O-O] structure


Cannot transport type A organic peroxides

;

examples: dibenzoyl peroxide, methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, peroxyacetic acid

Class 6 – Poison (Toxic) and Poision inhalation

;

Major Hazard – toxic and infectious

;

Placard:

;

white with skull and crossbones

;

;

Division 6.1 – Poisonous Materials – anything but gas that is known or thought to be toxic

;

Examples: aniline arsenic comounds, carbon tetrachloride, tear gas candles, hydrocyanic acid

;

Division 6.2 – Infetious Substances – a viable microorganism or toxin that cause disease (infectious substance/etiologic)

;

Examples: anthrax, botulism, rabies, tetanus

;

;

Class 7 – Radioactive

;

Major hazard – Radioactive poisonous burns

;

placard:

;

yellow top, white bottom with a propeller

;

Key Words: _____

;

;

Key Words of definition is .002 mirocurie per gram

;

examples: cobalt, uranium, hexafluoride, yellow cake

Class 8 – Corrosive

;

Major Hazard – burns/emulsification skin damage

;

Placard:

;

white top, black bottom, broken test tubes dumping on hand and metal bar

;

;

A corrosive material is a liquid or solid that causes irreversible damage

;

Examples: nitric acid, phosphorus trichloride, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid

Class 9 – Miscellaneous

;

Placard:

Black and white verticle stripes on top – white bottom

;

Definition – a material that is a hazard but doesn’t fit in other classes

 

Examples: adipic acid, PCBs, molten sulfer

Other Regulated Materials (ORM-D)


No Placard (Labels Only)

 

Limited hazard

 

Examples: fingernail polich, small arms ammunition

Forbidden –

no placard because they are never transported

 

 

Marine Pollutat – has an adverse affect on aquatic life

 

Dangerous – two items are more than 1,001 lbs

Elevated Temperature Material – 

 

placard: HOT with a #

 

1) Liquid at 212 F

2) Liquid with flash point at 100 F

 

Intentionally shipped above flash point – in solid state (temp above 464 F)

 

examples: Asphalt/tar

Hazardous Materials Incident Emergencies have the potential for doing great harm since:

 

1) thier effects are far ______ and ______

2) Long term effects on the ______, _____, and ______

3) responders must be specifically ____ and ______

 

1) far reaching and severe

2) environment, people, property

3) trained and equipped

 

 

Community locations where hazardous materials are manufactured, transported, stored, used, disposed of:

 

(8 examples)

1) Warehouses

2) tank farms

3) Weapons depots

4) Hospitals

5) Laboratories

6) Truck Terminals

7) Flight Line areas

8) maintenance facilities

Pre-incident plans

 

 

NOT subject to regulations affecting transported materials.

 

LERD – Local emergency response plan – will help develop a pre-incident plan

 

Make one BEFORE the incident

 

Radioactive Containers –

 

Protective overpacks (type A) smaller quantities

packages must maintain shipping properites

 

Casks (type B) – large transport systems (trains/trucks) – have reinforcing rings and cooling fins

Type B – Gets accidental damage testing – including a 30 foot drop.

 

Pressurized products –

 

Cylinders – rounded ends and without welded seams

 

High Pressure Cargo Tank – transports liquefied gas. Round ends (cigar)

More Type B shipping containers

 

Pressure Rail Car – Single protective housing on top that contains all valves (ladder to top)

 

High Pressure Tube Trailer – group on 2 – 20 stainless steal cylinders. Compressed Gas not liquid

 

Tube Module – cylinders in an 8×8 pen frame box. compressed not liquid gas

Cryogenic Containers –  tank within a tank – insulated carry refrigerated liquids

 

Cryogenic Liquid Cargo tank –  has 2 door box on back end. Cylinder shape with end jutted out over wheels

 

Cryogenic Liquid Tank Car – The work box in in the middle, no climbing on top.

Corrosive Liquid Cargo Tank – the tank is within the wheel well, has overturn protection

 

Non-pressure Liquid Cargo Tank –  Tank even with outer wheels, Has a vapor recovery line, all the valves are easy access at the bottom (carries Gasoline)

 

Non -pressure Tank Cars –  has a large area up top but it isn’t as tall off the car.

Dry bulk Cargo Tank -; has V’s at the bottoms all over.

NFPA 704 System – is used on fixed facilities

 

Red – Flammability (4 is very flammable)

Yellow – Reactivity (4 is most reactive)

Blue – Health (4 is most dangerous)

White – Special Hazards (not numbered)

 

(white uses the crossed out w for reactive with water and the OX for reative with Oxygen)

 

 

 

This system doesn’t tell what is inside

Military Hazardous Material Markings –

;

Class 1, Division 1 – Mass Detonation hazard (dynamite) Octagon

Class 1, Division 2 – Explosion w/ fragmentation hazard (flare) An X

Class 1, Division 3 – Mass Fire (fire grenade) upside-down triangle

Class 1, Division 4 – Moderate Fire (distress signal) Diamond

Special Warnings

;

Red man – Highly toxic

Yellow Man – harassing agents

White man- white phoshorus munitions

;

Red with crossed out bucket – apply no water

Blue with mask – wear protective breathing apparatus

Special Hazared Communication Markings

;

PCB labels

HMIS marking system

;

Pipeline Markers – made of metal (POE)

;

;

Required

P – Product

O – Owner

E – Emergency phone #

;

Optional

signal word (warning)

;

Container Marking – containers often are stenciled w/ what is inside them.

MSDS

;

all employees have a ‘right to know‘ what materials are in their workspace.

;

OSHA

MSDS

;

1) Manufacturers name and location

2)Name and family of chemical

3) Hazardous ingredients

4) Physical data

5) Fire and explosive data

6) Health Hazard data

7) Spill or leak procedures

8) Special protection information

9) special precautions to be taken

Shipping Papers

;

1) Prer shipping name

2) Hazard Class and Division

3) Product ID number

UN/NA ID #, STCC, CAS

4) Packing groups

CHEMTREC

;

Call them 24/7 if shipping papers are not available

Ways to ID Hazardous Materials using normal senses

;

(3 Ways – examples)

;

Serious Limitations

If you are close enough to see or smell a material, you may have endangered yourself and be at risk of injury

Sight

visible corrosive actions

Chemical reactions

pooling liquids

Condensation lines on pressure tanks

Injured victims or casualties

fire or vapor cloud

;

Sound

Hissing or pressure releases

;

Odor

fire or vapor cloud

Gas leaks

;

;

Targets/indicators of terrorist/criminal attacks

;

(9 examples)

Places of public assembly

Public Buildings

Mass transit systems

Places with high economic impact

telecommunications facilities

places with historical or symbolic significance

military installations

airport

industrial facilities

Chemical Terrorist attack

;

Signs and symptoms take only minutes to hours

;

Can have:

;

Colored residue

Dead foliage

Pungent odor

Dead insect and animal life

Biological Terrorist Attack

;

Signs and symptoms take days to weeks

;

No characteristics because they are normally colorless an odorless

;

Migration of infected individuals make attack widespread

;

Can transmit disease from person to person

Specific Hazards in a Facility

;

NFPA 704 on storage container

(LERP)

;

MSDS

;

ID hazardous materials BEFORE and incident occurs

;

Specific Hazards of Transportation

;

Placard or label missing

Hazard class but no ID

Mixed loads with only one placard

error in placarding or labeling

shipping papers not accessible

;

To get UN/NA ID numbers for Transporation

;

ERG

;

Shipping Papers

To get names of hazardous materials in facility

;

MSDS

;

Markings on containers

;

Emergency planning documents (LERP)

;

but ID the hazards BEFORE the incident

Precautions to protect yourself

;

Best way: Evacuate

;

2nd Best: In-place protection

;

stay inside away from doors and windows

shut off all air systems

;

Precautions when providing emergency medical care

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