US History Midterm Quizlet

Flashcard maker : dmytro
13th Amendment
abolished slavery in America except for those who committed crimes
14th Amendment
all people born in America were classified as American citizens- directed at former slaves after the Civil War
15th Amendment
prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s \”race, color, or previous condition of servitude.\”
18th Amendment
– banned the sale and drinking of alcohol in the United States
– was eventually repealed with the 21st Amendment
1917 – Selective Service Act
– provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft.
– age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
1936 – Soak The Rich tax
– When you \”soak the rich\”, you are looking to extract more money from \”rich\” people in the form of taxes and fees. \”Soak the rich\” is a general theory that can apply to state, federal or municipal taxes.
– Your basic definition of the term is – expecting higher-income earners to shoulder a higher tax burden in order to (in theory) generate higher tax revenues.
1939 Neutrality Act
– Heeding to the need of France and Britain of war materials from America, Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1939.
– It stated that the European democracies could buy American war materials as long as they would transport the munitions on their own ships after paying for them in cash. America thus avoided loans, war debts, and the torpedoing of American arms-carriers.
– Overseas demand for war goods brought a sharp upswing from the recession of 1937-1938 and ultimately solved the decade-long unemployment crisis
19th Amendment
guarantees all American women the right to vote
21st Amendment
repealed 18th Prohibition Amendment
3rd revolution
– A new, digital industrial revolution ~ still in the making
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General in 1920s; earned the title of the \”fighting Quaker\” by his excess of zeal in rounding up suspects of Red Scare; ultimately totaled about six thousand; This drive to root out radicals was redoubled in June 1919, when a bomb shattered his home
Abraham Lincoln
Mr. second best, One of the most skillful politicians in Republican party. Lawyer. Tried to gain national exposure by debates with Stephen A. Douglas. debates attracted much attention. attacks on slavery made him nationally known. felt slavery was morally wrong, but was not an abolitionist. He felt there was not an alternative to slavery and blacks were not prepared to live on equal terms as whites. Won presidency in November election.
Age of Prosperity
– roaring ’20s
– high material production and high incomes
– many inventions created (automobile)
– before the stock market crash of 1929

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