Essay on US History Chapter 24

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Joseph Stalin
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Soviet Union dictator who focused on creating a communist state.
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totalitarianism
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a government with complete control over its citizens and puts down all opposition. Everything is done for the state.
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Benito Mussolini
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Fascist dictator who created a totalitarian state in Italy
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Fascism
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political system based on strong, centralized govt. led by a dictator (extreme nationalism)
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Adolf Hitler
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Nazi dictator of Germany
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Nazism
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combined extreme nationalism, racism, and expansion
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Neutrality Acts
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passed by Congress to ban the sale of arms or loans to nations at war
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Neville Chamberlain
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British prime minister who signed the Munich Pact. Appeased Hitler.
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Winston Churchill
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British prime minister during WWII who disagreed with Munich Pact and called it an appeasement
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appeasement
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trying to pacify an aggressor in order to keep peace
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Non-Aggression Pact
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an agreement not to fight
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Charles de Gaulle
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French general who set up a French government in exile in England promising to free France from the Nazis
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Royal Air Force- (RAF)
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British air force
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Battle of Britain
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The air war between the British air force and the Germans
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The Holocaust
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the systematic murder of over 11 million Jews and other Europeans
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Kristallnacht- \”crystal night\”
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or \”night of broken glass\” was the night of Nov. 9, 1938 when Nazis attacked Jews.
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collectives
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huge state-owned farms
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Neutrality Acts
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law congress passed to ban the sale of arms or loans to nations at war.

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