US History Chapter 20 Review Test

Flashcard maker : Ruth Blanco
Territories the US acquired using the foreign policy tool of armed forces
Hawaii, Guam, Puerto Rico
Foreign policy after the Spanish American War 1898
We took up the idea of imperialism and became more active in Foreign Policy
George Washington’s foreign policy advice
Isolationism or unilateralism
Why did the US get involved in the War of 1812
The US wanted to remain neutral, but got involved when British ships were capturing and abducting sailors from US merchant vessels.
Idealism
The belief that values and morals should shape foreign policy
Monroe doctrine in 1823 twin policies
non colonization of the western hemisphere by european powers and non-interference of european powers with latin countries in western hemisphere
Arguments for imperialism
Economic: Business leaders wanted to open markets for American goods across the Pacific for resources and for a market for their manufactured goods.
Military Strength: the US should become a World-class power
White Man’s Burden: the US has the duty to spread ideals to other parts of the World
Why did the united states support panama’s rebellion against colombia
so the US could acquire territory to build the panama canal to open a trading route connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
what is the current status of the island of puerto rico
In 1952, the island became a U.S. commonwealth or a territory
Theodore Roosevelts Foreign Policy
\”big stick\” diplomacy
William Howard Tafts Foreign Policy
dollar diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson’s foreign Policy
Moral Diplomacy
After the Spanish American war, the US paid 20 million dollars to spain for the annexation of what?
the Philippines
This documents criticism of the american president caused american resentment towards spain to turn to outrage
De Lome Letter
describe the details of the USS Maine Explosion
a battleship sunk in Havana harbor in 1898, an event that helped rouse public support for war with Spain
This general forced rebellious Cubans to relocate to re-concetration camps where thousands of them died
General Valeriano Weyler
Describe the Roosevelt Corollary, include which foreign policy approach it added to
The United States could/ should intervene to preserve peace and order in the Western Hemisphere and protect U.S. interests
the united states gained control of the land it needed to build the panama canal by supporting what
supporting panamanian rebels against Columbian control, thus gaining access to the stretch of land required for the canal
what land did we acquire with the treaty of paris ending the spanish american war?
guam, Philippines, and puerto rico
William Hurst and Joseph Pulitzer
yellow journalists during the imperialism era. William Hurst promised a reporter that if he furnished the pictures he will furnish the war
rough riders
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
De Lome Letter
a letter written by Spains minister to the US that was published in a major newspaper; the letter ridiculed president McKinley and outraged many americans
William McKinley
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Was assassinated and VP Teddy Roosevelt gained the presidency
General Valeriano Weyler
A Spanish general who was sent to crush the Cuban revolt. By using \”brutal\” methods, he caused uproar in the United States, who called for immediate action to help the Cubans.
Panama Canal
the canal built by the United States through the Isthmus of Panama to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, cost 400 million dollars
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the \”foreign devils\”. The rebellion was ended by British troops. believed they were impervious to bullets and were cut down by british firearms
White Mans Burden
idea that many European countries, including america at one point, had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized, also called the spread of the Anglo-Saxon Civilization
Annexation
the taking control of a territory and adding it to a country
Neutrality
the policy of not taking sides in wars between other nations
Imperialism
empire building, A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
isolationism
A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

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