unit 2 test us history Essay

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Woodrow WIlson
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president who attacked the “triple wall of privilege”
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settlement house
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a community center that provided social services to the urban poor
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Square Deal
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Theodore Roosevelt’s plan for fair government
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Margaret Sanger
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an activist who opened the country’s first birth-control clinic
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muckcrackers
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socially concsious writers who dramatized the need for reform
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Gifford Pinchot
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a man who led the Division of Forestry under President Theodore Roosevelt
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NAACP
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an organization that used the courts to challenge laws that were unfair to African Americans
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W.E.B Du Bois
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an African American leader who urged African Americans to demand immediate recognition of their rights
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Clayton Antitrust Act
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legislation that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act by spelling out the specific activities in which businesses could not engage
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Describe the progressive party
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The people who made up the Progressive Movement came from many walks of life. They came from all political parties, social classes, ethnic groups, and religions. The progressive era was not so progressive for non-white and immigrant Americans legislatures faced issues addressed by the poor
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What lessons does the Progressive era offer about social problems in the United States today?
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Progressives considered honest government to be the most important goal. Bosses also helped people solve personal problems, which often kept voters loyal. They wanted social welfare laws to help children, as well as government regulations as did workers and consumers.
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How did eduation for Women affect the Progressive Era?
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They had to limit womens work hours, a main goal for a progressive women was to improve family life. They fought for their right to vote. Education helped women achieve their goals. By the 1890s growing number of womens colleges prepared them for careers as teachers or nurses.
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Naturalists novels
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honestly portrayed human misery and the struggles of common people
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Which of the following reformers outlined the Social Gospel in a book entitled Christianity and the Social Crisis?
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Walter Rauschenbusch
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In which decade did the number of women employed in manufacturing increase the most?
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19900s
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How do the changes shown in this graph relate to Progressive reforms?
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As more women entered the industrial workforce, more owmen began to work for better living and working conditions and voting rights.
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What social problem did Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle describe?
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The living and working conditions in Chicago’s stockyards
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Many progressives who followed Walter Rauschenbusch’s Social Gospel program believed that
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Christianity should be the basis of social reform
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Which reform resulted from the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?
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workers compensation laws
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Many progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called
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political machines
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Industrial workers often labored
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with unsafe machinery
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Progressive women reformers worked to
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limit the workday
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which reform did the Nineteenth Amendment enact?
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women’s suffrage
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Which women founded the National Association of Colored women of help African American families and those who were less fortunate?
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Ida B. Wells
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What was one goal of the Americanization movement during the Progressive Era?
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to make immigrants more loyal and moral citizens
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The NWP and the NAWSA primarily differed in their
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strategies
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The 1903 Muller v. Oregon decision upheld
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limited work hours for women
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W.EB Du Bois was an outspoken critic of
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Booker T. Washington
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For what purpose was the Women’s Christian Temperance Union formed?
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to protect the home and ban liquor
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The efforts of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union eventually led to which change?
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prohibition
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A 1913 California law forced Japanese Americans to
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sell their land
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Which legislation gave the government the authority to set and limit shipping costs?
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the Hepburn Act
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Which event led to the formation of the NAACP
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the 1908 Springfield riot
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Which group formed the Anti-Defamation League to defend itself against verbal attacks and false statements?
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Jewish Americans
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Theodore Roosevelt supported powerful corporations that
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did business fairly
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The concept of the “rational use” suggested that
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forests be preserved for public use
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The National Reclamation Act directly affected the management of which natural resource
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water
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Under President William Howard Taft, the federal government
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brought lawsuits against many corporations
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Why did Roosevelt run for the Presidency in 1912
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taft’s political decisions angered Roosevelt
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In which branches of government was Roosevelt active?
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executive and legislative
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which political party did Woodrow Wilson represent in the 1912 presidential election?
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the deomocratic party
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Wilson tried to protect worked by
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lowering tariffs on goods imported from foreign countries
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what fields did Progressives aim to reform
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all fo the above
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what was one way progressives differed from Populists
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progressives were typically middle class city dwellers, and Populists were mostly farmers
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why did the United States banking system need to be reformed in the ealry 1900s
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the nation had no central authority to supervise banks
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President WIlson pushed for the passage of the Adamson Act to
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prevent nationwide railroad strike
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Which of the following resulted from the 1913 coal miners strike in Ludlow
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The Colorado National Guard opened fire on the miners tent city
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why did minority groups receive limited benefits from progressivism
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many progressive held racist ideas about minority groups
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which groups created relief organizations to help individuals
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mexicans and african americans
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progressives that promoted Americanization efforts
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encouraged immigrants to follow white, middle-class ways of life.
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which of the following describes the Urban League
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foucused on helping poor African American workers
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during the 192 coal miners strike in Pennsylvania, President Roosevelt
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threatened to send federal troops to take control of the mines
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Social Darwinists believed that
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the best country would win any international competition
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The Triple Allicance nations were
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Germany, Austria-Hunggary, and Italy
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The build up of the U.S militaty in 1916 was an example of
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preparedness
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who was responsible for the agricultural policies of the Untied States during World War I
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Herbvert Hoover
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which of these reason for more women joined the National American Suffrage Association is reflected in the quotation
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began to support the war objectives of the United Staes
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Which organization specifially promoted support for the war among the American people?
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the committee on Public Information
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One reason for the german surrender in 1918 was that
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many german soldiers were no longer willing to fight
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convoys were used to
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prevent submarine attacks on ships
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the league of nations can best be described as a
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mutual defense agreement
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Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were
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anarchists
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When World War I began, President Wilson wanted the United States to remain neutral because of the nations
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ethnic diversity
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WHich even was most influential in turning American public opinion against Germany?
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The National Defense Act
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What hastened the entry of the United States into World War I
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the Zimmerman Note
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What was the effect of the Sedition Act of 1918
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It limited freedom of speech
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How did World War I change the lives of Ameican women
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it broadened job opportunities for women
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How did World War I contribute to the African American Great Migration?
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by creating jobs in the North
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World War I brought increased immigration to the United States from
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Mexico
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What major event shocked the american people and eled WWilson to no longer call for peace
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zimmmernamnt note exposed
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why did congress pass the national defense act and the naval construction act in 1916
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congress passed the act to prepare americans for the possibility of us involvement in the war
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about how many american troops served in combat furing world war I
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1,200,000
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what did president wilson mean by the phrase “peachwithout victory”
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that thte terms of peace should not punish the defeated nations
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what was the result of the us senat’s refusal to approve the Treaty of Versailles
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the league nations were ineffective
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which group believed the language of article 10 of the Treaty of Versailles contradicted the power of congress to declare war?
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“reservationists”
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what did wilson hope to accomplish with the league of nations?
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he hoped to create a world organization where countries could gather and resolve their quarrels peacefully
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what was one cause of labor strikes in 1919
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rising prices
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what international event led to the Red Scare
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a revolution of Russia
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what nation was the world’s economic leader after World War I
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the united states
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In 1920, American voters elected a president who promised
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a return to simpler times
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the postwar period was difficult for farmers because of
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falling food prices
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what did stanton’s writings suggest about the statues of women during world war I
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womens roles increase in industry
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womens efforts and sacrifices during World War I led to us government support for which reform
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universal suffrage
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between which two years was the change in the number of influenza deaths most significant
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1917 and 1918
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when did the influenza virus claim its greatest number of victims in the united states
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between late september and early december of 1918

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