Unit 1 Psychology’s history and approaches

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structuralism
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an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of a human mind
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introspection
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looking inward
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behavior
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is anything an organism does that can be observed and recorded
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psychology
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the science of behavior and mental processes
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functionalism
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a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes funtion– how they enable us to adapt, survive ,and flouish
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evolutionary psycology
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the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of naural selection
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social psychologists
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exploring how we view and affect one another
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natural selection
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nature selects the traits that best enable an organism to survive annd reproduce in paticularenviroment
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empirlism
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the view that knowledge originates in experience that science should, therefore,rely on observation and experimentation
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psychometrics
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the scientific study of measurement of human abilities , attitudes, and traits
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developmental psychologists
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studying our changing abilities from womb to tomb
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psychiatrists
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a branch of medicine dealing with psychological; practiced by phyicians who often give drugs
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psychodynamic psychology
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a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts infuence behavior uses that info to treat people with psyhological disorders
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counseling psychologists
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a brance of psychology that asssisst people with problems i n living and archeving greater well being
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industrial organizational psychologists
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the apllication of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
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basic research
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pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
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human factors psychologists
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a branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how many machines and physical enviroments can be made safe and easy to use
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applied research
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scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
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cognitive
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the scientific study of all the mental activites associates with thinking, knowing,remembering and commnicating
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biological psychologists
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exploring the links b/w brain and mind
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biopsychsocial approach
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biological, psychological , and scoial cultural levels and analysis
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cognitive psychologists
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experimenting with how we perceive think and solve problems
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behaviorism
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the scientific study of observable behavior
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biological
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a brance of psychology concerned with the links b/w biology anf behavior
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behavioral psychology
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the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation of principles of learning
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experimental psycologists
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who explore and thinking with experiments
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mental processes
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are the internal subjective expereinces we infer from behavior – sensations , perceptions, dreams, thought , beliefs and feelings
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nature nurture issue
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someone innate qualities vs. personal expriences
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clinical psychologists
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a branch of psychology that studies, assesses and treat people with psycological disorders.

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