U.S. History Unit 8

Flashcard maker : Stephanie Landry
Cold War
A conflict between countries, with no actual fighting
Iron curtain
A barrier of secrecy that kept Soviet controlled nations apart from the rest of Europe
Satellite
A nation controlled by another country
Containment
A policy of preventing a country from expanding its power
Refugee
A person who flees to a foreign country
Superpower
One of the most powerful nations in the world; Soviet Union and the U.S.
Demilitarized zone
Area that military forces can’t enter; one was created at the 38th parallel once the Korean War was over
Perjury
Telling a lie under oath
McCarthyism
Named after Senator Joseph McCarthy, practice of publicly accusing people of political disloyalty without regard for evidence; spread rapidly throughout the U.S. during 1950’s
Presidential Candidates of 1948
Strom Thurmond, Henry A. Wallace, Thomas E. Dewey, and Harry Truman; Truman unexpectedly won
Harry Truman
Won re-election in the presidential election of 1948
Thomas Dewey
Was the reported winner of the 1948 presidential election, but actually lost in a close race
Strom Thurmond
Conservative Democrat nominee for president in 1948
38th parallel
Line of latitude that effectively separated North from South Korea
Douglas MacArthur
General and leader of American forces in Korea; fired by President Truman
Julie’s Rosenberg
One of the husband and wife spy team convicted of selling atomic secrets to the Soviets
Alger Hiss
State Department worker charged with passing top-secret material to Soviet agents
Joseph McCarthy
Republican Senator who accused citizens and prominent Americans of being communist
Space race
Competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to develop space technology
Summit meetings
Meetings between important leaders of nations; U.S. and Soviet Union had one scheduled, but it was cancelled
Suburb
A community at the edge of a city; many families moved to them during the 1950s
Baby boom
The large increase in population in the U.S. between 1946 and 1964
Generation gap
Difference in tastes and values between young people and their parents
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Won the 1952 presidency by a landslide against Adlai Stevenson
Adlai Stevenson
Governor of Illinois who lost the 1952 presidential election against Eisenhower
Linda Brown
Elementary student who sparked the Brown v. Board of Education court case
Thurgood Marshall
Represented the Brown family before the Supreme Court
Rosa Parks
Arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man
Nikita Khrushchev
Leader of the Soviet Union during the U-2 spy plane incident
Gary Powers
U.S. pilot shot down over Soviet Union while photographing military bases
Levittown
Name of the first planned community located in NY
Sidney Poitier
The first African American actor to win the Best Actor award
Exile
A person who is forced to live away from his or her country
Guerilla war
Small bands of fighters making surprise attacks
Quarantine
To isolate; the U.S. did this to Cuba until the Soviet Union removed their missiles from the island
Dean Rusk
Secretary of State during the Cuban Missile Crisis
East Berlin
Capital of East Germany; site of the building of the Berlin Wall
Bay of Pigs
Site of a failed U.S. invasion which attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro
John F. Kennedy
Democrat who won the 1960 presidential election
New Frontier
President Kennedy’s goals and programs for the future of the U.S.
Peace Corps
A federal agency that sends trained volunteers to help developing countries
Sit-in
A protest in which people sit and refuse to leave a place
Freedom Ride
A protest against segregated buses and bus stations
Integrate
To open to people of all races
John F. Kennedy
His administration ushered in the New Frontier; was assassinated in November, 1963
Yuri Gagaria
A Soviet Cosmonaut; first man in space
John Glenn
First American sent to space
Robert Kennedy
Attorney General during the Kennedy administration; sent federal marshalls to protect the Freedom Riders
James Meredith
An African American who successfully enrolled at the University of Mississippi
Martin Luther King Jr.
Southern minister who helped to lead the protests and desegregation movement
Birmingham, Alabama
Ground zero for many protests and marches on favor of desegregation
Lyndon B. Johnson
Assumed the presidency after the assassination of Kennedy
Lee Harvey Oswald
Determined to be the lone assasin of Kennedy
Jack Ruby
Dallas business man who killed Oswald
Earl Warren
The chief justice appointed to a commission to determine if Oswald acted alone or with others to assassinate the president

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