Twentieth Century Composers Essay

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A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was – Claude Debussy – Samuel Barber – Bela Bartok – Igor Stravinsky
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Bela Bartok
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The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1906 by – Igor Stravinsky – Claude Debussy – Arnold Schoenberg – Aaron Copland
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Arnold Schoenberg
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The most important impressionist composer was – Richard Wagner – Bela Bartok – Arnold Schoenberg – Claude Debussy
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Claud Debussy
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Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet – Stephane Mallarme – Paul Verlaine – Jean Paul Sartre – Arthur Rimbaud
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Paul Verlaine
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A dramatic turning point in Debussy’s career came in 1902 when – his opera Pelleas et Melisande was premiered – he undertook a series of concert tours – he went to Italy to study – he went to Bayreuth to hear Wagner’s music
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his opera Pelleas et was premiered
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Debussy’s music tends to – sound free and almost improvisational – have a strong sense of tonality – affirm the key very notably – use the full orchestra for massive effects
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sound free and almost improvisational
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In order to “drown the the sense of tonality,” Debussy – turned to the medieval church modes – borrowed pentatonic scales from Javanese music – developed the whole-tone scale – all answers are correct
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all answers are correct
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Debussy’s opera Pelleas et Melisande is an almost word-for-word setting of the symbolist play by – Paul Verlaine – Arthur Rimbaud – Maurice Maeterlinck – Stephane Mallarme
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Maurice Maeterlinck
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In which of the following areas did Debussy not create masterpieces? – symphonies – art songs – chamber music – piano music
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symphonies
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The neoclassical movement in music roughly encompassed the years
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1920-1950
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Igor Stravinsky, at the age of twenty-one, began to study composition privately with – Claude Debussy – Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov – Maurice Ravel – Arnold Schoenberg
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Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov
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Stravinsky’s life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the Russian ballet. – Michel Fokine – Sergei Diaghilev – Valclav Nijinsky – George Balanchine
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Sergei Diaghilev
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The immerse success of Stravinsky’s 1910 ballet __ established him as a leading young composer – The Firebird – The Rite of Spring – Petrushka – Pulcinella
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The Firebird
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The famous riot in 1913 was caused by the first performance of Stravinsky’s ballet
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The Rite of Spring
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Stravinsky’s enormous influence on twentieth-century music is due ot his innovations in – Rhythm – Harmony – Tone color – All answers are correct
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rhythm
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Stravinsky’s second phase is generally known as
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Neoclassical
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During the period about 1920-1951, Stravinsky drew inspiration largely from – Eighteenth-century music – Webern’s serial techniques – Russian folklore – African sculpture
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eighteeth-century-century music
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In the 1950s, Stravinsky dramatically changed his style, drawing inspiration from
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Anton Webern which changed it to the twelve-tone system
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Le Sacre du printempts (The Rite of Spring) is an example of – Primitivism – Neoclassical – Serialism – Romanticism
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Primitivism
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Igor Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring is socred for
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An enormous orchestra
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All of the following painters may be considered part of the expressionist movement except – Claude Monet – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Oskar Kokoschka – Edvard Munch
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Claude Monet
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Schoenberg’s teacher was
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himself
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Schoenberg’s first musical hero was – Johannes Brahms – Richard Wagner – Igor Stravinsky – Claude Debussy
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Johannes Brahms
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Schoenberg acquired his profound knowledge of music by – going to concerts – playing in amateur chamber groups – studying scores – All are correct
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all are correct
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Alban Berg and Anton Webern were Arnold Schoenberg’s
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students
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Schoenberg’s third period, in which he developed the twelve-tone system, began around – 1874 – 1908 – 1921 – 1933
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1921
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Schoenberg developed an unusual style of vocal performance, alway between speaking and singing, called
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Sprechstimme
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When he was nineteen, Alban Berg began to study music privately with – Anton Webern – Igor Stravinsky – Paul Hindemith – Arnold Schoenberg
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Arnold Schoenberg
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Which of the following is not a composition by Alban Berg? – Gurrelieder – Lulu – Lyric Suite – Wozzeck
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Gurrelieder
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The vocal lines in Wozzeck include – distorted folk songs – speaking – Sprechtimme – all answers are correct
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All answers are correct
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Anton Webern – had little formal musical training – taught himself piano and cello – earned a doctorate in music history from the University of Vienna – enjoyed frequent performances of his own music
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earned a doctorate in music history from the University of Vienna
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Webern’s melodic lines are
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“atomized” into two or three note fragments
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Anton Webern’s twelve tone works contain many examples of
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strict polyphonic imitation
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Webern’s Five Pieces for Orchestra are scored for
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a chamber orchestra of eighteen soloists
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Bela Bartok’s principle performing medium was
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the piano
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Bela Bartok was a leading authority on – peasant music – twelve tone music – jazz – the music of ancient Greece
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peasant music
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Bela Bartok evolved a completely individual style that fused folk elements with – changes of meter and a powerful beat – twentieth century sounds – classical forms – All are correct
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All are correct
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The melodies Bela Bartok used in most of his works are
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original themes that have a folk flavor
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Bela Bartok’s ____ are widely thought to be the finest since those of Ludwig van Beethoven.
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string quartets
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Bela Bartok’s Concerto for Orchestra
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All the above
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Charles Ive’s father was a
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bandmaster
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During most of his lifetime, Charles Ive’s musical compositions – were enthusiastically received in public performances – were quickly published by a major firm – accumulated in the barn of his Connecticut farm – were sough after by musicians eager to perform them in public
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accumulated in the barn
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Charles Ive’s music contains elements of – revival hymns and ragtime – patriotic songs and barn dances – villages bands and church choirs – all the answers
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all the answers
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Which of the following compositions is not by Charles Ives? – Three Places in New England – An American in Paris – Concord Sonata – 114 Songs
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An American in Paris
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Charles Ive’s large and varied output includes works in many genres, but not
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opera
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George Gershwin grew up in – New York, New York – Charleston, SC – Anatevka, Russia – Paris, France
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New York
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Gershwin’s first piano teacher was
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himself
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Which of the following musicals is not by George Gershwin? – Funny Face and The Desert Song – Funny Girl – Of thee I sing – Lady, Be Good
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Funny Girl and the Desert Song
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The Gershwin song that became a tremendous hit in 1920 was – La, La, Lucille – I got Rhythm – Embraceable You – Swanee
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Swanee
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Gershwin’s Rhapsody opens with
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a solo clarinet
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William Grant Still
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played the violin in the university string quartet while a college student
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As a result of his studies in composition with composers from two opposing musical cams, the conservative George Whitfield Chadwick and the modernist Edgard Varese, Still
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turned away from avant-garde styles and wrote compositions with a uniquely African American flavor
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William Grant Still’s works in African American style, such as his Afro-American Symphony of 1931, were – never performed during his lifetime – severely criticized by audiences and critics – panned by critics, but popular with audiences – performed to a critical acclaim in New York
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performed to a critical acclaim in New York
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As a composer, Still
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wrote film scores, concert works, operas and band arrangements
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William Grant Still’s Afro-American Symphony
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uses a blues theme in the first movement which reappears as a unifying thread in various transformations in the three later movements
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William Grant Still’s opera dealing with the Haitian slave rebellion is – Trouble in Tahiti – Troubled Island – Emperor Jones – Once on this Island
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Troubled Island
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Each movement of William Still’s Afro-American symphony is prefaced by lines from a poem by
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Paul Laurence Dunbar
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Aaron Copland was born in – Brooklyn, New York – the Appalachian mountains – Anatevka, Russa – Paris, France
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Brooklyn, New York
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In 1921 Copland went to France, where he was the first American to study composition with
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Nadia Boulanger
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In 1925, after Copland returned from France, American music meant – the eclecticism of Ives – the serialism of Schoenberg – primitivism – jazz
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Jazz
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In 1925, and for a few years afterward Copland’s music showed the influence of
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jazz
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Aaron Copland’s name has become synonymous with American music because of his use of – revival hymns, cowboy songs, and other folk tunes – jazz, blues, and ragtime elements – subjects from american folklore – all answers are correct
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All answers are correct
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Which of the following works was not composed by Aaron Copland?
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An American in Paris, Concord Sonata
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An example of Copland’s use of serialist technique is – Music for the Theater – Connotations for Orchestra – Fanfare for the Common Man – Appalachian Spring
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Connotations for Orchestra
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In addition to his compositions, Copland made valuable contributions to music in America by – directing composer’s groups – writing books and magazine articles – organizing concerts of American music – all the answers are correct
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all the answers are correct
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Appalachian Spring originated as a ballet score for the great modern dancer and choreographer
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Martha Graham
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Copland depicted “scenes of daily activity for the Bride and her farmer husband in Appalachian Spring through
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five variations n the Shaker melody Simple Gifts
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Alberto Ginastera, one of the most prominent Latin-American composers of 20th century was born in
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Argentina
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One of Ginastera’s early works, Estancia Suite, is
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nationalistic and uses Argentinean folk material, including popular dances
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Ginastera’s Estancia Suite was originally conceived as a
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ballet
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Alberto Ginastera’s Estancia Suite uses a large orchestra is in ___ movements
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four (AA’B)
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In 1945 Ginastera moved to the US where he had the opportunity to work with the well known American composer
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Aaron Copland
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Composer John Adams believes that today’s composers can draw from – only their own imaginations – the music o the Classical period – a wide variety of styles and periods – only orchestral instruments
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a wide variety of styles and periods
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The twelve-tone composer whose style was most imitated in the 1950s and the 1960s was – Anton Webern – Arnold Schoenberg – Milton Babbitt – Alban Berg
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Anton Webern
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A major composer associated with the serialist movement is
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Milton Babbitt
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All of the following are proponents of serialism except
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John Cage
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An example of aleatoric music is
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John Cage’s Imaginary Landscape No. 4 for twelve radios
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Ionisation, the first important work for percussion ensemble, was composed by – John Cage – Edgard Varese – Ellen Taaffee Zwilich – Steve Reich
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Edgard Varese
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Edgard Varese’s Poeme electronique – was designed for the 1958 Brussel’s World Fair – was one of the earliest masterpieces of electronic music created in a tape studio – was composed in collaboration with the famous architect Le Corbusier – all the above
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all the above
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Ellen Taaffee Swilich is a
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Pulitzer Prize winning American composer for her symphony no 1
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Ellen Taaffee Zqilich’s Concerto Gross is an example of – total serialism – quotation music – minimalism – chance music
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quotation music
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John Adam’s Short Ride in Fast Machine is scored for a
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large symphonic orchestra and two synthesizers
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Leonard Bernstein was a well known – composer for orchestral and vocal works – author lecturer – conductor
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composer of orchestral and vocal works
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The composer, conductor, and pianist who began his spectacular career as substitute conductor of the New York Philharmonic on only a few hours notice was
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Leonard Bernstein
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In addition to his famous musicals, Leonard Berstein wrote successful – ballets – choral work – symphones – all are correct
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are all correct
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Leonard Bernstein was influenced, particularly in his ballets by – Delibes and Tchaikovsky – Stravinsky and Copland – Bach and Handel – Verdi and Wagner
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Stravinsky and Copland
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Which of the following musicals is not by Leonard Bernstein? – West Side Story – Wonderful Town – On the Town – Cats
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On the Town
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The musical loosely based on Romeo and Juliet is
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West Side Story

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