Thomas Hobbes: Social Contract Theory

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Hypothetical Imperative
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-A command to exercise your will in a certain way. -Takes the form of a conditional: if you will x, will y. -Laws of your sorority, laws of your country.
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Categorical Imprative
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-A command to exercise your will in a certain way. -Takes the form of an unconditional command. There is no \”if\”. -Moral law
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The categorical imperative states to act
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according to the maxim that you can at the same time will to be a universal law.
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According to Hobbes, moral rules A. are created by god. B. Exist in the state of nature. C. Are the result of an agreement made between people. D. All of the above
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C. Are the result of an agreement made between people.
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According to Hobbes, moral rules and laws of nature are one in the same. True./false
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False
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According to social contract theory, the reason you should be moral is that A. It promotes your own survival and well-being. B. You will be rewarded in the afterlife. C. Being moral is just good in itself. D. It is good for others.
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C. Being moral is just good in itself.
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What social contract theory says about non-humans is that A. We don’t have any obligations towards them whatsoever. B. We have the exact same obligations towards them as we do towards adult humans. C. We have at best indirect obligations towards them
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What’s a maxim?
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a statement expressing the general policy or rule you are acting ob. General form: \”I will perform such-and-such circumstances to achieve such-and-such a goal.\”
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Willing your maxim to be a universal law
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-to will = to choose -a universal law = a rule that everyone always follows -to will your maxim to be a universal law = to choose that everyone always follow the same rule that you are following
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Determining if an action is right or wrong according to Kant
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1. what is the maxim behind the action? 2. What would the world be like if everyone followed that maxim? 3. Given your own goals, would it make sense for you to will this world? a. if not, the action is immoral. b. if so, the action is permissible
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Which one of these actions would have moral worth, according to Kant? A. a man who does not commit adultery because he feels no lust for anyone but his wife. B. A man who does not commit adultry because he knows that if he gets caught his wife will divorce him and take half of his assets. C. a man who commits adultery because he thinks that it is the right thing to do. D. a man who does not commit adultery, even though he wants to and has the opportunity, because he knows it is his duty not to.
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D.? a man who does not commit adultery, even though he wants to and has the opportunity, because he knows it is his duty not to.
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Kant thinks the moral worth of an action depends on its consequences. True/false
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False
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maxim
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motive
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Kantianism is a deontological theory
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true

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