activational effects
short-term hormonal influences on animal behavior usually occurring late in life
classical conditioning
a technique that associates a natural response to a stimulus to an unrelated stimulus; also called Pavlovian conditioning
the study of animal behavior in its natural environment
when an animal learns not to respond to a stimulus
insightful learning
finding a solution to a once unsolvable problem
latent learning
learning that has taken place but is dormant until a situation requires it
operant conditioning
a technique that uses rewards to increase a learned behavior
optimality theory
a theory that behavior evolves to promote the greatest fitness for the animal
organizational effects
long-term hormonal influences on animal behavior usually occurring early in life
social learning
learning a behavior by observing and watching others
Ethology is the study of animal _____.
What 4 general questions are asked during he study of ethology
What mechanisms are causing the behavior?
How does the behavior develop?
What is its survival value?
How did it evolve?
Ethology is a branch of
In the 1900s,…….. were based in North America, while were based in Europe.
comparative biologist
What man proposed that as animals evolved, so did their emotions.
George Romanes
“An animal’s behavior is based on its instincts.”

This statement would most likely come from a(n) _____.

Ivan Pavlov’s dog experiment suggested that _____
both ethologists and comparative behaviorists were correct
They began to recognize the importance of both —- and ——– in animal behavior.
“An animal’s behavior is based on learning.”
comparative behaviorist
What is the study of genes?
The _____ theory suggests that favorable behaviors are passed down from generation to generation.
——- is based on genetic inheritance
behaviors are produced by what 2 organ systems
Sometimes, pregnant women are very emotional. This is believed to be caused by extra estrogen and progesterone that are released during pregnancy and would be ——-considered an effect on behavior.
After taking his dogs for a walk, Eric would bring the dogs in the kitchen, make them sit, and then give them a treat. Pretty soon, after every walk, the dogs would automatically go into the kitchen, sit, and wait for a treat. This is an example of _____.
operant conditioning
Leraned behaviors are based on—–
Joe decides to shave his face for the first time and does a good job from simply remembering how his dad did it. Joe learned how to shave by _____.
latent learning
Baby Jaiden started imitating the way her mom’s mouth moved as she talked and smiled at her. This is an example of _____.
social learning
This type of learning can develop skills like physical strength and endurance, social bonding, and cognitive abilities: