The living Tree of nursing theories

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conclusions
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the living tree of nursing theories helps organize various nursing theories so a nurse can apply the theories to practice
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the roots of the tree? 4
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1. person – whom the nurse is interacting with, can also be small groups, large groups 2. environment – any place therapeutic interaction occur 3. health – optimal level of ones potential relating to environment 4. nursing – ADPIE
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trunk of tree?
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florence nightingale
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3 branches of tree?
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1. interactive 2. systems 3. developmental
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the term model is often referred to as a
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theory
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4 metaparadigms (world view of common concepts in nursing)
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roots of the tree- 1. person 2. environment 3. health 4. nursing
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trunk of tree
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florence
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3 branches
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1. interactive theory 2. systems theory 3. developmental theory
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interactive model emphasizes what?
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importance of interpersonal relationships between the nurse and person * to promote optimal socialization
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interactive model – 2
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1. peplau – interpersonal relationships 2. henderson (mother of modern nursing)
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systems model
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views the person as a multidimensional being who reacts continually to a world of stressors ie organizations, communities, businesses, social structures
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4 characteristics of interactive model?
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1. perception 2. communication 3. role 4. self concept
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3 phases of peplaus
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1. orientation – nurses introduces themselves and obtains info from pt 2. working – nurse provides physical care 3. termination – discharge
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henderson as part of interactive model
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army nurse stressed importance for each nurse to develop own theory of nursing and pt care needs to be major objective for nurse; responsibility of nurse is to pt not doc
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interactive models provides:
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framework for understanding pts reactions to illness, birth, death, traumatic events
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systems theory – 2
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1. neuman 2. roy
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neuman
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pt seen as whole person; wellness and illness are on continuum and influenced by pts stressors and reactions to them – interpersonal, interpersonal, extra personal *coping ability
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dorthy johnson
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behavioral systems model
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systems theory
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views person as multidimensional wing who reacts continually to world of stressors
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systems may be
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org communities business social structures *closed or open
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roy’s adaptation model
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constant interaction between person and environment ; 4 modes of adaption: 1. physiological 2. self concept 3. role function 4. interdependence
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roy’s adaptation model 5 needs
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oxygen nutrition elimination activity and rest protection
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the systems model is used by many schools of nursing ________ & all the theorists believe
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for the basis of curricula ; theres internal and external stressors
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developmental model makes assumption:
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theres a process of growth or maturation that is directional and has some orderly purpose
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developmental model 4 different forms of progression:
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1. unidirectional development – each stage builds on another and no repeating steps 2. spiral effect – growth is upward 3. cyclic – problems continue to recur in circle until growth occurs 4. branching out – autonomy and new ways to react to stressors
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developmental model – 3
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1. watson 2. rogers 3. leininger
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watson
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leading theorist of developmental; human caring
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leininger
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transcultural theory
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leininger 2 types of caring:
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1. generic – natural 2. professional – learned
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rogers
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science of unitary human beings; people are energy fields constantly interacting w environment
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3 principles for rogers
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1. resonancy – continuous change from lower to higher freq wave patterns 2. helicy – increasing diversity 3.integrality – continuous mutual human field and environmental field process
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rogers – prevention is __ and promotion is __
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neg pos

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