Human cloning refers to an attempt to make a human being without following the naturally known ways of doing the same. It tries to create a human form, an issue that brings about some sense of controversy between the ones attempting the cloning process and the ones that believe in the supernatural ability of God to create the human being.
The people who carry out human cloning use modern technology to do what God only can do, and as such, they attempt to outdo Him. They use the process of transferring the nucleus and treating the cells chemically so that it appears as if normal fertilization has already occurred. The controversy comes in because, in cloning, there is no conception as it is normally and morally acceptable.
Exercising cloning of human beings attracts mixed reactions from various dimensions. For instance, it is perceived that cloning is a way of dealing with infertility, and its results will enable infertile people to enjoy bringing up children produced genetically (Klotzko, 2001). This perception makes some people believe that any caring administration should do its best to make sure that it offers full support to human cloning.
However, the morality and ethical standard for this process are put to the question, because of the fears that the children so produced may end up with deformities, while others may not even reach the birth stage. As such, the critics will argue that the process leads to deaths, and therefore it does more harm than good. More to that, owing to the fact that the power...
of creation is only in the hands of God, the critics of cloning will argue that human beings do not have powers to create.
Human cloning is illegal in all aspects, and more so unethical in the sense that it is only affordable to the members of the society who are financially able (Lauritzen, 2001). In as much as it assists the infertile people to get children, it is one-sided regarding the benefits. The reason is that the infertile but financially unstable people will not benefit.
This explains the reason behind the political position that all forms of cloning should not be allowed to take place. In a move to make sure that the position remains, a number of acts of Parliament were passed to reinforce the position. To support their position, political leaders have it that cloning assumes that human beings can be spare parts for other human beings, or raw materials to make other people. As a result of that, their position is that human beings are only created and not manufactured, as cloning attempts to do.
Cloning practice was initially experimented on animals whereby the results were; few successful and numerous dying in the process (MacKinnon, 2000). Owing to the results of the research on animals, it is clear that the chances of the same happening to human beings are equally very high.
As such, the people who are opposed to the process of human cloning hold to the position that the process is immoral, and it should be done away with as much as possible. The reasons behind this position are quite clear
First, it was tried with other mammals and was almost a failure. Secondly, the process attempts to equalize human beings to animals, thus lowering the dignity and the Godly nature in which people are created.
On the other hand, therapeutic cloning assists in the scientific research processes, which are aimed at finding cures to diseases that affect the human race (Waters & Turner, 2003). In the light of this, some people believe that certain kinds of cloning should be allowed to take place, such as therapeutic cloning.
The position held is based on the assumption that once allowed, scientists will stand a better chance to research on various diseases, and eventually, get a cure for some or all of them. According to the supporters of therapeutic cloning, the process leads to solutions of medical issues and therefore it should be allowed to take place without any predicament. However, the critics are always in this position, where they argue that cloning is evil irrespective of the type and the assumed benefits.
Therapeutic cloning involves deriving the stem cells from an embryo, and this implies that the embryo must die (Waters & Turner). In this view, the killing of the embryo so as to obtain the cells for the purpose of cloning is a deliberate destruction of human life. This is the position held by the people who are strongly opposed to cloning since they argue that it is similar to abortion as far as the damage to the human race is concerned. According to them, the technology used ceases to be a useful tool and becomes a source of destruction to the human race and its dignity.
For this reason, the people that oppose therapeutic cloning has it that it should never be allowed to take place at any given time. It is also a form of prejudice in disguise, in the sense that the perpetrators of the cloning exercise may appear to have a negative attitude about the people they use for their experiments. They may not consider them as human beings who are worth living. Cloners, according to those opposed to the practice, are killers indirectly, and that explains the reason behind them taking the position that therapeutic cloning is immoral.
The attempt to carry out cloning on human beings was fueled by the similar successful process on a sheep (McGee, 2002). The success on the animal sparked fear on the people who witnessed it, and they adopted the position that it is not possible to move away from human cloning. Despite the fact that all sorts of people, ranging from political to religious leaders have clearly opposed the attempts to do human cloning, it is clear that in the end, the vice fought against ends up securing its position in the same society that opposed it. For this reason, there are chances that even if the vice is opposed, it will one day be put to practice.
In the process of cloning, eggs are known to lose essential proteins that are responsible for the successful development of the embryo (Harris, 2004). This is a fact that makes some people hold the position that at
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