Informative Essay on The Cold War

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In the Nuremberg trials, Allied military courts tried more than two hundred Nazi and military officials and sentenced several dozen to death for their roles in the Holocaust and in other war crimes.
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True
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The Soviet Union wanted to control Eastern Europe after World War II because Eastern European people had elected Communist governments.
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False
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The Truman Doctrine was a pledge to provide funds for rebuilding Europe.
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False
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The Soviet Union prevented a UN takeover of North Korea by sending soldiers and massive military aid to the region.
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False
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The Korean War resulted in no gain on either side.
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True
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The peace agreement with France divided Vietnam into two halves; Communists controlled the South and a non-Communist regime controlled the North.
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False
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The U.S. government secretly trained a force of about 1,500 Cubans, which successfully invaded Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961 and overthrew Castro’s government.
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False
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In 1973, the United States supported a military coup that overthrew Chile’s democratically elected leader.
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True
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The discovery of oil in Alaska was the primary factor driving the tremendous growth of the U.S. economy after World War II.
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False
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Western Europe made a remarkable recovery from World War II in large part because of the Marshall Plan.
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True
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The Soviet command economy helped the country produce goods at prewar levels by 1953.
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True
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Ethnic tensions coupled with a weakening government caused the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
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True
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The European Union has excluded former Soviet republics, fearing Communist influence.
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False
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In the 2000s, the gap between the incomes of the richest and poorest Americans narrowed as the economy improved.
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False
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The growing threat of nuclear war had little impact on people in the United States and other nations.
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False
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The United States used the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan as part of a policy of containment.
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True
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The success of the Berlin airlift was followed by the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany.
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True
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Until the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik, Americans thought they had a technological edge over the Soviets.
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True
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The United States supported Salvador Allende’s government in Chile because it had been democratically elected.
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False
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All American women in the 1960s and 1970s wanted to change traditional ideas of women’s roles.
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False
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The people of Eastern Europe all benefited immediately from the end of communism and the introduction of market reforms.
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False
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The Persian Gulf War was fought to free Kuwait and to protect oil supplies.
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True
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The United States was alarmed by Soviet control of Eastern Europe at the end of World War II because
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Officials believed Soviet expansion would not stop at Eastern Europe
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Which Allied country received the largest share of German reparations after World War II?
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The Soviet Union
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As a result of the Truman Doctrine, the U.S. Congress agreed to send hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to
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Greece and Turkey
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Soviets blocked land, rail, and water routes into West Berlin in 1948 in order to
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Force the West to leave Berlin
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One effect of the arms race was
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An ever-present threat of nuclear war
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With the development of nuclear weapons, the Soviet Union and the United States based their defense strategies on
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The principal of deterrence
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Nations that refused to take sides in the rivalry between superpowers in the 1950s were called
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Nonaligned nations
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What led to the Test Ban Treaty?
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The Cuban missile crisis
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The goal of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty was to
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Ensure each side remained vulnerable to the other’s nuclear weapons
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The United States experienced a severe economic slowdown in the 1970s because
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The cost of energy dramatically increased
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In 1957 six European nations founded the European Economic Community in order to
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Eliminate trade barriers and unify economic policies
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Who wrote the passage \”Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World?\”
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Mikhail Gorbachev
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The author of \”Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World\” was calling for
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Economic and political reforms in the Soviet Union
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The cartoon titled \”MAYDAY!\” suggests that the primary cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union was
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Economic problems
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Study the political cartoon titled \”MAYDAY!\” Which statement best describes the subject of the cartoon?
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Economic problems and reforms weaken the Soviet Union
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The Cold War ended when
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The Soviet Union collapsed
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The end of communism and the introduction of market reforms in Eastern Europe has led to
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Rising immigration from Eastern Europe to Western Europe
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The U.S. led invasion of Iraq in 2003 was based on the belief that
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The country possessed chemical and biological weapons
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Soviet leaders wanted to control Eastern Europe after World War II because
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They wanted a buffer zone of friendly governments to protect against attack
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Which of the following did Winston Churchill use as an image to describe the division of Europe?
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An iron curtain
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What was the goal of the United States when it went to war in Korea?
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To contain Communist expansion
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Why did President Kennedy favor the Test Ban Treaty?
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To slow the development of new and more deadly weapons
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What helped drive the tremendous growth of the U.S. economy after World War II?
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Consumer spending
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One reason Western Europe made a rapid recovery from World War II was because
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The United States provided massive economic aid
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What caused the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s?
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Ethnic tensions coupled with a weakening government
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One reason revolution spread across Eastern Europe in 1989 was that
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Gorbachev loosened Soviet control
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Pledge announced by the United States in 1947 to provide economic and military aid to oppose the spread of communism
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Truman Doctrine
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Era of tension and hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union following World War II became known as the
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Cold War
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Fusion-powered weapon that was many times stronger than the atomic bomb
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Hydrogen bomb
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Launched by the Soviet Union in 1957 and shocked Americans because they feared Soviet military technology was superior to their own
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Sputnik
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Built by Communist East Germany in 1961 to stop people from fleeing East Germany for West Germany
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Berlin Wall
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Reduced tension between the superpowers
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DĂ©tente
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1954 Supreme Court rule that the segregation of public schools had to end
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Brown vs. Board of Education
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Where many American men fled to during the Vietnam war to avoid the military draft in the United States
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Canada
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Formation that unified former rivals in Europe into a strong military alliance with the United States and Canada and helped Western Europe remain at peace during the Cold War
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North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
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Soviet leader that tried to \”de-Stalinize\” the Soviet Union while at the same time maintaining a hostile stance toward the West
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Nikita Khrushchev
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Lech Walsea’s anti-government protest movement in Poland became known as
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Solidarity
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Peaceful revolutionary group that pushed communism out of power in Czechoslovakia
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Velvet Revolution
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Russian president who began a massive campaign to alter the economy’s basic structure after the collapse of the Soviet Union
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Boris Yeltsin
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Policy used by Serbs during a war in Bosnia and Herzegovina to try and eliminate Bosnian Muslims from society
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Ethnic cleansing
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Established by the nations of Europe in 1992 in order to create a single economic unit that could compete with the United States
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European Union
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System of networks that emerged in the 1990s and connected computers around the world
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Internet
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Islamist government of Afghanistan targeted by the United States after the attacks of September 11, 2001
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Taliban
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Where Allied military courts tried more than two hundred Nazi and military officials, sentencing several dozen to death
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Nuremberg Trials
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Formed by the Soviet Union and the Communist nations of Eastern Europe in response to the formation of NATO
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Warsaw Pact
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Struggle between nations to gain an advantage in weapons
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Arms race
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Government in Cuba that was installed by Fidel Castro and alarmed the U.S. government
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Communist
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Used techniques of nonviolence and civil disobedience to expose racial injustice in the United States
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Martin Luther King Jr.
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1960s rebellion led by young people against mainstream American society that adopted new styles of clothing and behavior and questioned the government’s actions in the Vietnam War
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Counterculture
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Soviet Union economy system in which the government made all economic decisions whilst under communism
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Command
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Mikhail Gorbachev’s policy which sought to restructure the Soviet economic and political system
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Perestroika
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Osama bin Laden led an Islamist terrorist organization
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Al Qaeda
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Rise in birthrates after World War II
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Baby boom
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Promoted political stability in Western Europe by aiding economic recovery
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Marshall Plan
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Young people who adopted new styles of clothing and behavior
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Counterculture
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Brought the world to the brink of nuclear war
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Cuban Missile Crisis
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Poland’s anti-government protest movement
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Solidarity
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Its success resulted in the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany
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Berlin Airlift
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Terrorist organization led by Osama bin Laden
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Al Qaeda
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Chile’s democratically elected leader
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Salvador Allende
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Struggle between nations to get an advantage in weapons
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Arms race
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Revolted against Soviet domination in 1968
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Czechoslovakia
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Established a Communist government in Cuba
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Fidel Castro
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Site of a bloody insurgency in Russia
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Chechnya
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Divided Germany into four zones of occupation
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Potsdam Conference
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Provided money that helped millions of veterans attend college
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G.I. Bill
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Military alliance formed in response to the formation of NATO
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Warsaw Pact
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German Democratic Republic
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East Germany
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Fought to free Kuwait and protect oil supplies
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Persian Gulf War
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Fanatical effort to expose Communists in the American film industry and government
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Red Scare

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