The civilization of the Greeks

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All of the following are prominent features of Greece’s topography except.
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Extensive open plains
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In general, separate early Greek communities:
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Became fierce rivals fighting so often as to threaten Greek civilization itself
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The english archaeologist ________ uncovered the Bronze Age Minoan civilization on Crete.
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Sir Arthur Evans
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Which of the following statements best describes the Mycenaeans?
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they were warrior people who achieved their apex between 1400 and 1200 B.C.
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The civilization of Minoan Crete
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Enjoyed great prosperity due to extensive sea trade and commerce
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Mycenaean kings used the title
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A popular Minoan sport was
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wrestling
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During the migration of the Greek Dark Age, many Ionians
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Crossed the Agean Sea to settle the Asia Minor
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What were the chief characteristics of the Greek Dark Age?
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It was a period of migrations and declining food production
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Homer’s Iliad points out
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The honor and courage of Greek aristocratic heroes in battle
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Which of the following is true of Greece from the eighth century B.C.?
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the Polis evolved into the central instution in greek life
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In classical Athens, male homosexuality
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was practiced and tolerated in part as a means by which mature men instructed young males about the masculine world of politics
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Which of the following phrases best describes the social situation of Greek women?
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women were kept under strict control, cut off from formal education and were always assigned a male gaurdian
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The development of the polis had a negative impact on Greek society by
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Dividing Greece into fiercely competitive states
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The Greek polis put primary emphasis on
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cooperation between its citizens for the common welfare
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The hoplite phalanx relied for its success on
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disapline and teamwork
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Which greek philosopher said, with regard to the polis, ”we must rather regard every citizen as belonging to the state”?
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Aristotle
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The rise of tyrants in the poleis in the seventh and sixth centuries
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often encouraged the economic and cultural progress of the cities.
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Tyranny in the greek polis arose as
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A consequence of aristocratic power and a widening gulf between the rich and the poor
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The Spartans made the army the center of their society because
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they feared an uprising by their helots
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The Lycurgan reforms resulted in
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The establishment of a permanent military state in Sparta
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The neighbors of the Spartans who were free inhabitants and required to pay taxes and perform military service but were not citizens of Sparta were
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Perioikoi
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Unlike the women of most other Greek cities, Spartan women were expected to
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were expected to Run the cities when the men were off at war.
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Spartan helots were required to do what?
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forced to work the fields as servants
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For the Greeks, the arete described as
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Virtue
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Which of the following descriptions of Athenian leaders is incorrect?
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pisistratus, remodeled the entire Athemian constitutioin while utterly neglecting his merchant supporters
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Cleisthenes’ constitution established the Athenian government as
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democracy
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Typical Greek culture of the archaic age war
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Lyric poetry as found in the works of Sappho
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Hesiod’s famous poem about the pleasures of ordinary work is titled
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Works and Days
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The strategoi in Athens
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was a board of ten officials
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The poetry of Sappho reflected
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A woman’s homosexual and heterosexual feelings in the world dominated by males
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The immediate cause of the Persian Wars was
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A revolt of the Ionian Greek colonies in Asia Minor
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The battle of Marathon was a victory for
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the athenians
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The narrow pass where 9000 Greek hoplites held a Persian army of over 150,000 men for three days was
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Thermopylae
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The Delian League was organized in 478-477 B.C. to
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keep sparta isolated in the Peloponnesus
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During the age of Pericles
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The Peloponnesian war resulted in
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the defeat of Athens and the collapes of its empire
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One of the chief causes of the Peloponnesian War was
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Sparta’s fear of the power of Athens and its maritime empire
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The Greek historian Thucydides differed from Herodotus in that the former
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Was unconcerned with spiritual forces as the factor in history
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The Greek dramatist who was a realist and known for his portrayal of real life situations was
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Euripides
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Greek comedy was
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used to express political views as evidence by Aristophanes
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The Greek Parthenon
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Is considered the greatest example of classical Greek temple architecture
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Early Greek philosophy attempted to
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explain the universe on the basis of unifying principles
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The Sophists
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Were professional teachers who seemingly questioned the traditional values of their societies
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Socrates was condemned to death for
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Corrupting the youth of Athens
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\”The unexamined life is not worth living\” is a cornerstone of the philosophy of:
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Socrates
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Plato, in the republic, imagines a perfect society by
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philosoper-kings
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Which of the following was not true of Greek religion?
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myths served no particular social function
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the story that when told that the many Persian arrows would darken the sky, a Greek warrior supposedly said, \”That is good news. We will fight them in the shade.\” is associated with the Battle of Thermopylae. TRUE OR FALSE
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True
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The \”Great Expedition\” by Athens against Crete dominated much of the second phase of the Peloponnesian war- TRUE OR FALSE
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