The 1900’s History Vocabulary

question

Yellow Press
answer

News reporting aimed at increasing circulation. Used pre the Spanish American war, and possibly the reason why it occurred.
question

“Remember the Maine”
answer

Slogan used in the United States to pressure the U.S. Government to declare war on Spain after an explosion at a Havana harbor kills the 260 men on board the “Maine.” After McKinley sent three notes to Spain, demanding that Cuba be independent, and having those three notes ignored, he declared war.
question

William McKinley
answer

President of the United States during the Spanish American War. 25th president 1897-1901
question

“Speak softly and carry a big stick”
answer

Teddy Roosevelts motto for the new and improved US navy after the Roosevelt Corollary.
question

T. R.
answer

Teddy Roosevelt
question

William Randolph Hearst
answer

Owner of a newspaper that printed exaggerated facts about the Spanish, making them look more cruel than they really were.
question

Joseph Pulitzer
answer

Owner of a newspaper that printed exaggerated facts about the Spanish, making them look more cruel than they really were.
question

Cuba
answer

A large Caribbean island nation. Owned by Spain until the Spanish American war, when it was given freedom.
question

Puerto Rico
answer

An island in the West Indies, which was owned by Spain until the Spanish American War, after which it was ceded to the United States. Those living there have the rights of American citizens (except for the right to vote for national officials), and they elect their own governor and legislature.
question

Western Hemisphere
answer

The half of Earth that lies west of the Prime Meridian.
question

West Indies
answer

A region of the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean that includes the many islands and island nations.
question

Revolution
answer

A forcible overthrow of a government or social system in favor of a new one. In 1895, Cuba led a revolution against Spain for freedom and self-government.
question

Commander George Dewey
answer

Commander during the first major battle of the Spanish American war. He took six American ships from Hong Kong to Manila Bay, and destroyed all of the 10 Spanish ships without losing anyone or any ships. It was purchased by the United States for $20 million after the Spanish American War had ended.
question

The Philippines
answer

A Southeast Asian country in the Western Pacific consisting of more than 7,000 islands. Shortly after George Dewey won the first major battle of the Spanish-American war, land troops forced the capital city of Manila to surrender.
question

Santiago, Cuba
answer

Second largest city of Cuba, lying on the southeastern side of the West Indie island. A fleet of Spanish ships was cornered at a harbor in Santiago at the same time of Commander Dewey’s battle.
question

Theodore Roosevelt
answer

26th president of the United States who created the national park system. During the Spanish American war, he resigned his position as Assistant Secretary of the Navy to go to Cuba and help the Rough Riders. Favored an active role in Latin America, the Far East, and other areas in order to protect US interests.
question

Rough Riders
answer

A volunteer cavalry regiment made up of an assortment of people. They captured San Juan Hill on the outskirts of Santiago, Cuba, which turned out to be a big boost to Roosevelt’s political career, because of its high publicity.
question

Nelson A. Miles
answer

After Santiago, Cuba surrendered, he lead an invasion of Puerto Rico, which in a few days was entirely under American control (Puerto Rico)
question

Dysentery
answer

Inflammation of the intestines accompanied by bloody diarrhea. One of the main diseases to kill Americans during the Spanish American war.
question

Typhoid
answer

A bacterial disease spread through contaminated food and water or close contact. Symptoms include high fever, headache, belly pain, and either constipation or diarrhea. One of the main diseases to kill Americans during the Spanish American war.
question

Malaria
answer

A disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms are chills, fever, and sweating, usually occurring a few weeks after being bitten. One of the main diseases to kill Americans during the Spanish American war.
question

Yellow Fever
answer

A viral infection which is spread by a particular species of mosquito (this was discovered by Walter Reed during the Spanish American war). Mild cases cause fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Serious cases may cause fatal heart, liver, and kidney conditions. One of the main diseases to kill Americans during the Spanish American war.
question

Treaty of Paris
answer

Document that on December 10, 1898 offcially ended the Spanish American war.
question

Guam
answer

A U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It was ceded to the United States along with Puerto Rico and Cuba after the Spanish American war.
question

“Splendid Little War”
answer

Words used by American Siplomat John Hay to describe the Spanish American war, because of its shortness and one sidedness.
question

Cede
answer

Give up (power or territory). After the Spanish American war, Spain ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States.
question

Independence
answer

Freedom from the control, influence, support, aid, or the like, of others. Spain gave Cuba its independence in the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish American war.
question

Major Walter Reed
answer

An army doctor who proved that mosquitoes spread Yellow Fever.
question

Colonel William C. Gorgas
answer

Led efforts to clean up the breeding groups of mosquitoes, and also eliminated unsanitary conditions which caused disease and death.
question

Guantanamo Bay
answer

Naval base and military prison in southeastern Cuba. A treaty was signed between Cuba and the United States, permitting it.
question

Caribbean Sea
answer

A sea of the Atlantic Ocean located in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. Location of islands including Cuba and Puerto Rico.
question

Monroe Doctrine
answer

The new political order devolving the rest of the Americas and the role of Europe in the Western Hemisphere. In 1895, it was used to force Great Britain into settling a boundary dispute with Venezuela.
question

Venezuela
answer

A country on the northern coast of South America. The United States used the Monroe Doctrine to protect Venezuela from Italy, Germany, and Great Britain by persuading them to settle the issue of overdue bank loans peacefully.
question

Panama
answer

A country on the isthmus linking Central and South America where the Panama Canal is located.
question

Roosevelt Corollary
answer

An addition to the Monroe Doctrine, which states that the United States can intervene in any Latin American country guilty of “wrongdoing” or whose government was weak and ineffective. Created by Theodore Roosevelt.
question

Isthmus
answer

A narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land. Panama was an isthmus, and therefore a perfect place to build a canal.
question

Colombia
answer

A country at the northern tip of South America. Refused to accept America’s offer of ten million dollars to build a canal through Panama.
question

Big Stick Policy
answer

Nickname for Theodore Roosevelt’s policy towards Latin American called the “Roosevelt Corollary.” It lead to military intervention in Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Haiti, Honduras, Cuba, and Mexico.
question

Pan American Union
answer

Formed to promote friendship, trade, and understanding between the United States and Latin America.
question

Good Neighbor Policy
answer

Policy announced in 1933 by Franklin D. Roosevelt, which improved relations with Latin America by ending military intervention, promoting trade, and sending experts and economic aid to the region.
question

Isolationism
answer

Policy suggested by George Washington that suggested the United States keep itself isolated from foreign countries, and remained the basis of American foreign policy during most of the 1800s.
question

Organization of American States (OAS)
answer

In 1948, 21 countries joined this organization, which goals were to provide defense for member nations, cooperate to solve problems between members, and work to achieve economic, social, and cultural progress.
question

Imperialism
answer

A policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
question

Russia
answer

The world’s largest nation, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. In 1867, Secretary of State William H. Seward pursued Alaska from this country for $7,200,000
question

The Yukon
answer

A territory in northwest Canada where huge deposits of silver were found in the Yukon River Valley during the 1920s.
question

Hawaii
answer

Islands located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, about 2,400 miles southwest of California. The remain islands include Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, Kaui, and Molokai. Five years after the Overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, the United States annexed these islands. Military bases were build in the 1900s, and then it became the 50th state of the United States in 1959.
question

Queen Liluokalani
answer

A rebellion led by American settlers in Hawaii overthrew her in 1893.
question

China
answer

A communist nation in East Asia, it is the world’s most populous country. During the late 1700s and 1800s, European nations tried to expand their trade here in order to bring valuable products back to Europe, but they limited trade, because they did not trust the Europeans. They did open up ports eventually, because their military was weak and they were forced to.
question

Spheres of Influence
answer

European nations attempts to divide China among themselves, and each would have their own trade rights and special privileges.
question

Open Door Policy
answer

In 1899, Secretary of State John Hay proposed this policy, which would keep China open to trade with all nations. All the foreign powers would have equal rights and privileges there.
question

Boxer Rebellion
answer

After the Open Door Policy was implemented, many Chinese felt their country was being interfered with too much, so they tried to put a stop to it with violence.
question

Gentlemans Agreement
answer

An arrangement or understanding which is based upon the trust of both or all parties, rather than being legally binding. The United States made one with Japan after many Japanese immigrants angered US citizens by their willingness to work for low wages. This set a quota on the number of immigrants who could come to the United States from Japan.
question

Russo-Japanese War
answer

In 1904-1905, Japan proved it was a world power by defeating Russia in this war. Theodore Roosevelt helped the two sides negotiate a peace treaty, but it did not force the Russians to pay Japanese war costs, so many anti-American demonstrations broke out in Japan.
question

Spheres of Influence
answer

A country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority. During the late 1890s, European nations wanted this, and if they got this, then each country would have trade rights and special privileges. This problem was solved by an “Open Door Policy”
question

Second Industrial Revolution
answer

In the fifty years following the American Civil War, dramatic changes in industry, technology, and the economy occurred.
question

John D. Rockefeller
answer

During the late 1800s, He established a monopoly on the petroleum industry. One of the most well known families due to the wealth given to them by this man.
question

Thomas A. Edison
answer

Although he was a troubled student, he later went on to invent some of the most important inventions, a lot of which are still being used (in some variations) today. At 21, he invented the electronic vote counter, and his number of inventions grew to more than 1,000, the most famous of which were the lightbulb, phonograph, and microphone.
question

Charles Duryea
answer

Inventors of one of the first cars.
question

Henry Ford
answer

Inventor of cars, and owner and creator of a successful motor company that is still prominent today. He invented the idea of mass production, which made his most famous car, the Model T, available to those who didn’t have high earning jobs, because they way they were made was more efficient.
question

Wright Brothers (Wilbur and Orville)
answer

They successfully created the first airplane, and in 1903 they tested it in Kitty Hawk, South Carolina. It flew for 12 seconds, and went 120 feet.
question

Kitty Hawk, South Carolina
answer

Where the first airplane was tested successfully.
question

Alexander Graham Bell
answer

Inventor of the telephone in 1867, which was in coming into common people’s homes by 1900.
question

Vulcanization
answer

A chemical process for converting natural rubber or related polymers into more durable materials via the addition of sulfur or other equivalent curatives or accelerators. This method was invented. By Charles Goodyear around the time of the Second Industrial Revolution.
question

New South
answer

The term used to describe the former confederate states once new industries such as iron, lumber, and citrus fruits had emerged.
question

Monoply
answer

The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service. During the Second Industrial Revolution, this happened to many industries such as petroleum (Rockefeller) and steel (Carnegie).
question

Mass Production
answer

The manufacture of goods in large quantities by machinery and by use of techniques such as the assembly line and division of labor. Henry Ford’s assembly line was a method of mass production.
question

Standardized Parts
answer

Parts of the same kind that are made exactly the same way, so they can be changed and fixed easily. This concept was invented by Eli Whitney, and put to use heavily at the time of mass production.
question

Old Immigration
answer

The period before 1885 when most immigrants were from northern and Western Europe.
question

New Immigration
answer

The period between 1885 and 1914 when most immigrants came from southern and Eastern Europe.
question

Jingoism
answer

Make people believe something using propaganda and stories that are exaggerated. This made Americans want the Spanish American war, because they’d been hearing so many outrageous stories.
question

Mercantilism
answer

Take raw materials and make them into goods you can sell to the world. Profitable and controversial.
question

Dollar Diplomacy
answer

Giving money to a poor country that needs it. Builds friends, so at times of war it takes a lot more to fight against each other.
question

Sewards Folly or Icebox
answer

When the purchase of Alaska occurred people thought it was a stupid idea and called it this.
question

Plessy vs. Fergusson
answer

Case saying that separate but equal facilities were acceptable.
question

Great White Fleet
answer

16 naval ships painted white that circumnavigated the world to show Americans power. Theodore Roosevelts commission.
question

Uriah Stephens
answer

A US labor worker who founded the Knights of Labor in 1869, which started as a secret society.
question

Knights of Labor
answer

Early labor union formed in 1869 as a secret society of tailors, but then expanded to a much more open organization.
question

Social Darwinism
answer

Survival of the fittest in social and economic terms. Important during the second industrial revolution.
question

William H. Taft
answer

The 27th president of the United States who was in office at the very end of the 1900s.
question

Captains of Industry
answer

People such as Henry Ford and John D. Rockefeller who have a monopoly on an industry.
question

Robber Barons
answer

The negative term for Captains of Industry, because they took over an industry.
question

Quota System
answer

Allowing only a certain amount of people from every foreign country to enter the United States. This was put into effect after WW1 because the population was growing faster than the United States could keep up. It was done away with in the 1960’s and was replaced with a law that permitted 120,000 immigrants each year from the Western Hemisphere and 170,000 from other countries, and also gave preference to refugees, people with special skills of talents, and individuals with close relatives in the United States.
question

Naturalization
answer

The process by which an alien becomes a US citizen. Some of the requirements for becoming a naturalized citizen include living in the United States for more than five years, showing knowledge of United States history and government, and being able to read, write, and speak English.
question

Alien
answer

An immigrant who has not yet become an American citizen.
question

Coffee, sugar, and tobacco trade
answer

The materials the United States wanted that were grown in Cuba. They made the United States more eager to get Spain out of Cuba.
question

Tariff
answer

A tax on imports or exports. High tariffs protected American industry from foreign competition.
question

Mother Country
answer

The country of one’s birth or ancestry
question

Stock holder
answer

A person who purchased shares of stock
question

Shares of stock
answer

A claim to a part of the corporation’s assets and earnings. Corporations during the Second Industrial Revolution were able to raise large sums of money because many people bought this in the business.
question

Sherman Anti-Trust Act
answer

An act by the government to control the abuses of big business by passing laws such as the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and the ______.
question

Corporation
answer

An independent legal entity owned by shareholders. A new form of business formed after the Civil War.
question

Steamship
answer

A ship that is propelled by a steam engine. The railroad, better sailing ships, telegraph, telephone, and this reduced the time and cost of transportation and communication.
question

Steam Power
answer

Power that is applied to an engine by the force of steam.
question

Detroit, MI, USA
answer

The largest city in the midwestern state of Michigan. It was and currently is the location of many american car manufacturers, especially the ford motor company.
question

Mary Harris “Mother” Jones
answer

In March 1903, she organized a Children’s March from New York to Washington D. C. to publicize the terrible working situation for child laborers.
question

AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
answer

Two labor unions that merged in 1955 to become more this more powerful organization. The AFL included only skilled workers belonging to particular crafts such as machinists, carpenters, and plumbers; had 8 million members by 1955. The CIO included all skilled and unskilled workers in a single industry such as all auto workers in the United States; 6 million members by 1955.
question

Samuel Gompers
answer

Founded the American Federation of Labor in 1886 which included only skilled workers belonging to a particular craft.
question

Blacklist
answer

Names of union activists are put on this and given to employers who refuse to hire them.
question

Lockout
answer

When a factory is closed in order to force workers to give up their demands.
question

Yellow Dog contract
answer

A contract in which a worker signs, agreeing not to join a union.
question

Closed Shop
answer

Only union members may be hired at this type of shop.
question

Union shop
answer

A factory owner can hire nonunion workers only if they agree to join the union within a certain period of time at this type of shop.
question

Open shop
answer

At this type of shop, factory workers can hire nonunion workers as well as union members.
question

Collective bargaining
answer

A session when representatives of labor and management discuss the terms of a new contract.
question

Arbitration
answer

When a fair minded third party hears both labor and management in a dispute and recommend an agreement.
question

Injunction
answer

A court order than can be used to prohibit a strike or to order strikers back to work.
question

Boycott
answer

When consumers are urged not to buy goods from a company involved in a labor dispute.
question

Scabs
answer

People hired to replace employees who went on strike.
question

Railroad Strike or 1877
answer

The first large scale strike in the United States. Several railroad companies announced a wage cut, causing workers to walk off their jobs. After scabs were hired, violence broke out and considerable property damage occurred. The president ordered federal troops to the site, and the strikers (fearful of losing their jobs) took the pay cut and went back to work.
question

Homestead Strike
answer

After the Carnegie Steel Company announced a pay cut in 1892, which if they did not accept would mean replacement by non union employees, at its Homestead, Pennsylvania plant. Workers went on strike, and 300 guards were hired, a battle broke out which killed ten strikers and guards. Strike readers were hired (after the Pennsylvania national guard ended the rebellion), and the plant reopened.
question

Pullman Strike
answer

Workers of the Pullman Company’s sleeping car manufacturing plant went on strike rather than accept a 25% pay cut in 1894. US mail was slowed down, and the court ordered an injunction. The injunction was ignored, so the president sent physical force to many of the riots which had broken out in cites. Many were wounded or killed, and the strike leaders were arrested without having gotten what they wanted out of the strike.
question

Homestead, Pullman, and Railroad strikes
answer

3 bitter labor strikes during the late 1800s.
question

Child labor
answer

The use of children in industry or business, especially when illegal or considered inhumane.
question

Recession
answer

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.
question

Popular vote
answer

The number of actual individual votes for a candidate or an issue.
question

Electoral vote
answer

The vote cast in the electoral college of the U.S. by the representatives of each state in a presidential election.
question

National Women’s Trade Union
answer

A U.S. organization of both working class and more well-off women formed in 1903 to support the efforts of women to organize labor unions and to eliminate sweatshop conditions
question

Depression
answer

A sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe downturn than an economic recession, which is a slowdown in economic activity over the course of a normal business cycle.
question

Natural Resources
answer

Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Examples include bauxite, potash, phosphorus, uranium, and oil.
question

Cartography
answer

The science or practice of drawing maps.
question

Sovereignty
answer

Supreme power or authority
question

Working conditions
answer

The conditions in which an individual or staff works. Many labor unions wanted better conditions to work at.
question

Disease
answer

A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury. During the Spanish-American war it killed more people than actual warfare.
question

Country of Orgin
answer

The country of manufacture, production, or growth where an article or product comes from.
question

Susan B. Anthony
answer

In the election of 1872 (when Victoria Clafin Woodhill ran for president), she registered and voted. She was then arrested, tried, and found guilty of her act, but refused to pay her hundred dollar fine.
question

Elizabeth Cady Stanton
answer

A member of the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slave Society, and was instrumental in organizing the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848.
question

Helen Keller
answer

An American author, political activist, and lecturer. She was the first deafblind person to earn a bachelor of arts degree.
question

Mary McLeod Behtune
answer

An American educator and life rights leader best known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida.
question

Emma Lazarus
answer

An American poet whose poem about immigration appears on the Statue of Liberty. Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, With conquering limbs astride from land to land; Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame. “Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
question

Clara Lemlich
answer

Leader of the Triangle Shirt Factory workers
question

William J Bryan
answer

An American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party’s candidate for President of the United States. Made across of Gold Speech.
question

John L. Lewis
answer

Protector of unskilled laborers, and founding president of the CIO
question

Booker T. Washington
answer

Liked by many people. An African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community. Made “Atlanta Compromise” speech.
question

W. E. B. DuBois
answer

First black person to recover a PhD from Harvard, one of the founders of the NAACP. An American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, he grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community.
question

Colony
answer

A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers.
question

Protectorate
answer

A state that is controlled and protected by another.
question

Industrialization
answer

The development of commercial enterprise.
question

Intervention
answer

To come in or between by way of hinder or modification. The United States intervened with Latin America with the Roosevelt Corollary.
question

Naval Warfare
answer

Combat in and on seas, oceans, or any other major bodies of water such as large lakes and wide rivers.
question

Annex
answer

To incorporate within the domain of a state. Spain annexed the United States annexed Hawaii in as a state after their defeat of Queen Liliuokalani.
question

Aviation
answer

The business or practice of flying airplanes, helicopters, ect. The age of flight began after the Wright brothers flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903.
question

Conquest
answer

The act of taking control of a country, city, ect. with force.
question

Media
answer

The main means of mass communication regarded collectively. The media (specifically Hearst and Pulitzer newspapers) were the cause of the United States interest in Cuba, and therefore led to the Spanish American war.
question

Labor movement
answer

An organized effort on the part of workers to improve their economic and social status by united action through the medium of labor unions. Huge during the Second industrial revolution.
question

Geography
answer

The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries.
question

Expansion
answer

The action of becoming larger or more extensive. The United States expanded with the addition of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam, which was ceded to them after the Spanish American war.
question

History
answer

The study of past events, particularly in human affairs.
question

Resistance
answer

The refusal to accept or comply with something; the attempt to prevent something by action or argument. In 1895, there was Cuban resistance against Spain.
question

State
answer

A nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.
question

The Americas
answer

The totality of territories in North America and South America. Along with their associated islands, they cover 8.3% of the Earth’s total surface area.
question

American Foreign Policy
answer

George Washington suggested the idea of Isolationism, which kept the United States out of foreign affairs, and remained this way until the late 1800s.
question

American Society
answer

Highly structured system of human organization for large-scale community living that normally furnishes protection, continuity, security, and a national identity for its members: American society.
question

Golden Door
answer

Name for the entrance to the United States via Ellis Island “Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free; The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, Tempest-tossed to me I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” These are the words on the Statue of Liberty welcoming the immigrants of the world to the United States.
question

Nobel Peace Prize
answer

One of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature
question

Bull Moose
answer

Nickname for a supporter or member of the Progressive Party.
question

Coal Mine Strike 1902- PA, USA
answer

Restless miners demanded more pay and shorter hours, while the mine operators complained that profits were low, and that the union destroyed discipline. When the owners refused to negotiate with the union, miners appealed to President Roosevelt to call a special session of Congress. The miners struck on May 12, 1902, and strikers attacked scabs, terrorized their families, and lashed out at private police forces and armed guards hired by mine owners .
question

San Juan, Puerto Rico
answer

Cite of a United States naval base after the building of Guantanamo Bay.
question

Japan
answer

After a long time of isolation from the rest of the world, this country signed a treaty with the United States in 1854 opening two of their ports up to US trade.
question

Petroleum
answer

A liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that is present in certain rock strata and can be extracted and refined to produce fuels including gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil; oil. John D. Rockefeller had a monopoly on this industry.
question

Philanthropy
answer

The desire to promote the welfare of others, expressed especially by the generous donation of money to good causes.
question

A T&T
answer

An American multinational telecommunications corporation, headquartered at Whitacre Tower in downtown Dallas, Texas. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, and this company wouldn’t be in existence if it wasn’t for his invention.
question

Division of Labor
answer

The assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people in order to improve efficiency.
question

William H. Seward
answer

Secretary of State for the United States form 1861-1869. Purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 which was the first land acquired for the United States away from the mainland. Many people thought it was worthless and called it “Seward’s Folly”
question

League
answer

A collection of people, countries, or groups that combine for a particular purpose, typically mutual protection or cooperation.
question

Cross of Gold Speech
answer

Speech delivered by William Jennings Bryan, a former United States Representative from Nebraska, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 9, 1896. In the address, Bryan supported bimetallism or “free silver”, which he believed would bring the nation prosperity.
question

International Ladies Garment Workers Union
answer

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States, one of the first U.S. unions to have a primarily female membership, and a key player in the labor history of the 1920s and 1930s. Founded by Rose Schneiderman.
question

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
answer

It’s fire in Manhattan, New York City on March 25, 1911 was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in U.S. history. Brought attention to workers rights. Date: March 25, 1911 Number of deaths: 146
question

Panama Revolution of 1903
answer

The revolution was engineered by a Panamanian faction backed by the Panama Canal Company, a French-U.S. corporation that hoped to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans with a waterway across the Isthmus of Panama. Freedom from Columbia.
question

Spain
answer

A country on Europe’s Iberian Peninsula. Had control of many countries until they rebelled in the 1820’s, and then lost Cuba the same way in 1895. Against the United States in the Spanish American War.
question

Colombia
answer

At the northern tip of South America. Kept Panama from creating the Panama Canal with the United States, but then Panama rebelled, and gained independence.
question

Ellis Island
answer

Island in the Upper New York Bay, established in 1892. It passed people into the United States from foreign countries. Lack of sanitation was a problem.
question

Angel Island
answer

Where Asian people came through during immigration (mostly from the pacific rim and the SE)
question

Latin America
answer

Region of the Americas where Spanish, Portuguese, and occasionally French are predominantly spoken.
question

Central America
answer

The southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast.
question

South America
answer

A continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
question

The Caribbean
answer

A region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands, and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America. Where the Spanish American war predominantly took place.
question

The Gulf of Mexico
answer

An ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent. It is bounded on the northeast, north, and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba.
question

Eastern Hemisphere
answer

A geographical term for the half of the Earth that is east of the Prime Meridian (which crosses Greenwich, England, United Kingdom) and west of 180° longitude.
question

Europe
answer

A continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
question

The Pacific Rim
answer

The lands around the rim of the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Basin includes the Pacific Rim and the islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Rim roughly overlaps with the geologic Pacific Ring of Fire.
question

North America
answer

A continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
question

San Francisco
answer

A city on the tip of a peninsula surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay. In 1906 it suffered a terrible earthquake and them fire that destroyed most of the city.
question

Boom vs Panic
answer

Time when an economy is doing extremely well, vs a time when the economy is on a downfall

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member