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Texas Government 2306 San Jacinto Community College

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Daniel Elazar
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Labeled three cultural theories; Individualistic; Moralistic; Traditionalistic
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Individualistic
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Minimal interaction by the Government; Government covers the basic laws; Everyone for themselves with a few trusted friends
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Moralistic
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Religious/Strict Moralists; Excuse to enforce Government’s beliefs
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Traditionalistic
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Old South; Elite Theory; The elite are in power; Maintain status quo
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Texian Creed
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Texan Creed; Individualism; Liberty; Equality; Constitutionalism; Democracy
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Individualism
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#1) The belief that each person should act in accordance with their own mind/conscience; Have own sense of morality
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Liberty
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#2) A belief that government should not infringe on a persons liberties (Rights and/or freedoms)
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Equality
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#3) Every man is considered equal; Freedom from a caste system
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Constitutionalism
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#4) Government should be limited by a written document
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Democracy
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#5) Government serves the people; Power to the people
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Discrimination
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Permissible and Inpermissible
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Permissible Discrimination
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That which is encouraged; To choose between things
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Inpermissible Discrimination
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That which is not encouraged; Racism, Picking men over women, ect.
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Abrogation
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Surrender of choice
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Spanish Colonization of Texas
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1) Missions; 2) Presidios; 3) Ranchos/Haciendas; 4) Towns and Settlements
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Six Flags that have flown over Texas
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1) Spain; 2) France; 3) Mexico; 4) Lone Star Republic/Republic of Texas; 5) United States of America/USA; 6) Confederate States of America/CSA
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Missions
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Fortified churches
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Presidios
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Garrisoned fort with embattlements
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Ranchos
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Ranges of land with no fences, often thousands of miles long
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Haciendas
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Self sufficient family farm, run by the family; Separate town homes in the large settlements
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Empresarios
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Land realtors/developers; Anglo; Granted land from Spain; Hand picked settlers to settle their land; Moses Austin
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Moses Austin
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Picked settlers from Southern United States, died before reaching Texas; Stephen F. Austin (Esteban) carried on for his dad
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France’s Claim
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Cavalier del Sal; Pirates; Napoleon II
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Cavalier del Sal
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Landed in Texas by boat from France; Built fort; After the Cavalier’s death, his crew moved to New Orleans
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Pirates
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Interested in Texas paradise; raided ships that passed by and stowed treasure near the coast of Texas
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Napoleon II
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Emperor Napoleon’s brother; Ruler of Mexican France
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Mexican Independence Days
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1) Battle of Puebla; 5th of May; Cinco de Mayo; 2) Grito; Cry of Dolores; 16th of September
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William Barrett Travis
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Commander of the Texan regulars at the Alamo; Prissy Pants
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Tidewater/Tidelands
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Texas claims 10.35 miles off our coast; The rest of the USA claims 3 miles off their coast; Of states are salty
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Metropolitan Service Area
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A group of towns that act with a common system
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Suburban Area
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Suburbs; A group of home close to, but not in a Metro City
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Urban
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City like; Developed with many buildings
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Rural
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Country like; Developed with few buildings
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Municipality
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City
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Texas Constitution of 1876
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7th Constitution; Replaced E.J. Davis’ \”Reconstruction Constitution\”
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E.J. Davis
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Most hated man in Texas; Tried to tell Texans what to do
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Texas Constitution
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Two current constitutions; United States Constitution (USC); Texas Constitution of 1876 (TXC1876)
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USC
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Supremacy Clause; Declare War; Mint Money; Create Treaties
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James \”Jim\” Bowie
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Commander of the San Antonio militia at the Alamo; Mad dog killer
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Colonel David \”Davy\” Crockett
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Commander of the Tennessee Contingent at the Alamo; Straight Savage
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Sam Houston
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Once the most famous man in Texas/United States/World; Had the largest library in Tennessee; Joined a Cherokee tribe at 13; Became an alcoholic; Joined army as Private; Worked up to Major General; Died with open wounds from his early military career; Only US citizen to be Governor of two states (Texas and Tennessee)
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TXC1876
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10th amendment Reserve \”Police\” Powers; Guarantees free public education (K-12); Guarantees no progressive taxation (Personal or Corporate Income Tax); Mandates a balanced budget (No deficit spending)
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10th Amendment
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Provides each State gets to \”Speak first\” to any issue dealing with public health, public safety, or public morals; To tailor local solutions to local problems (To legislate)
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Supremacy Clause
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In any conflict of law, the Federal Government always wins, unless it choices not to win
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Federal Government
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Trumps all State law in order to \”Form a more perfect union\”
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Five Primary Responsibilities of State Government
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1) Public health; 2) Public Education; 3) Public Transportation; 4) Public Economic Development; 5) Criminal Justice/Public Safety
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Unfunded Mandate
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An order to a State with $0 funding
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Simple Majority
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50% plus one vote
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Super Majority
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Two thirds of the group
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Iniative
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Bypasses Texas Legislature; Citizen drafted ballet measure; Straight to the Texas voters