Pollution Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Pollution?
Pollution is one of the biggest threats facing our planet today. It is a problem with both environmental and economic implications that can have long-term consequences if not addressed in a timely manner. Pollution can come in many forms, ranging from air pollution to water contamination, soil erosion and beyond. The primary sources of pollution are human activity such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation and industrial waste.Air pollution is perhaps the most visible form of pollution. Burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide (CO2) which contributes to global warming by trapping heat in the atmosphere. Other pollutants like Nitrogen Oxide (NOX), Sulphur Dioxide (SOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO) and particulate matter are released into the air causing respiratory problems for humans and animals alike. Air pollution has been linked to an increase in asthma rates around the world as well as decreased crop yields due to ozone depletion.Water contamination occurs when pollutants enter natural bodies of water making it unsafe for drinking or swimming purposes. This could be caused by untreated sewage being released into rivers or lakes, runoff from factories, agricultural fertilizer residue and more. Water contamination can also lead to algal blooms which deplete oxygen levels leading to mass fish deaths or even increased toxicity levels making it dangerous for humans too. Soil erosion affects land quality over time by washing away topsoil that provides nutrients essential for plant growth or other habitats important to local wildlife species’ survival – thus leading to desertification in some cases where vegetation no longer grows at all due do lack of nutrients in depleted soils. Soil erosion also increases sediment deposition into rivers and streams impacting aquatic habitat health downstream affecting fisheries resources further upstream too – ultimately this impacts livelihoods dependent on fishing activities like food security locally as well as export revenues nationally/globally depending on location too. Finally noise pollution is another growing concern that comes with increasing urbanization & transport infrastructure development such as roads & railways etc., contributing greatly towards overall sound pressure levels within cities & towns especially during peak times when people are commuting around town this not only affects people’s mental states but also poses serious risks associated with hearing loss over time if exposed continuously without any protection measures taken beforehand. In order to address these issues effectively we must first understand their causes before looking at ways mitigate them through government regulations/policies put forward alongside public awareness campaigns educating people about how they can reduce their individual impact on polluting our environment further so together we can work towards creating cleaner healthier future generations enjoy living within.