Nominal Interest Rate Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Nominal Interest Rate?
The nominal interest rate is the amount of interest that is paid on a loan or earned on an investment before any adjustments for inflation. This rate, also known as the stated or quoted rate, is usually the figure used when calculating how much money will be owed in future payments or earned from investments over time. It does not take into account changes in purchasing power caused by inflation.When borrowing money from a lender, such as a bank, it’s important to know what the nominal interest rate is so that you can accurately compare rates offered by different lenders and decide which one is best for your needs. When investing money it’s also important to understand this concept because you want to make sure that your return will be enough to offset any losses due to inflation eroding your purchasing power over time. The nominal interest rate may differ significantly from the real interest rate which takes into account changes in purchasing power due to inflation or deflation. Generally speaking, if there is high inflation then the real interest rate will be lower than the nominal interest rate since its value has been reduced over time; conversely, if there is low or negative inflation then the real interest rate will be higher than the nominal one since its value has increased over time. It can be difficult to determine whether a given nominal interest rate offer reflects good value because of this discrepancy between stated and actual returns but with some careful research you should be able to make an informed decision about whether it’s worth taking out a loan at that particular offered rate or investing your money in something else instead.