Techniques and Purposes of Writing Prose
the story of a person’s life written by that person
a book written about a person’s life
an intensive, detailed description and analysis of a single project program, or instructional material in the context of its environment
an account written down each day of what one has done or thought during the day
the opinions or attitude of the publishers or speaker regarding some subject
an essay that shows the author’s assertion (opinion, theory, hypothesis) about some phenomenon or phenomena is correct or more truthful than others’
author describes events and feelings by including images and details showing how things look, sound, smell, taste, or feel (5 senses)
intended to instruct; teacher-like. to expound some moral, political or other teaching.
an appeal to reason by using evidence and logic; designed to convey information or explain what is difficult to understand.
strict attention to rules, correctness; employs language accepted for dignified use.
written mainly for enjoyment; a relaxed expression of opinion, observation, humor or pleasure.
tells a true story
prose whose subject is chiefly the writer himself; writing that is focused on the beliefs, feelings, and responses of the writer; informal, familiar, and often colloquial.
essay concerned with changing the readers’ beliefs or opinions, to persuade them to share writer’s values or conclusions.
the people(s) addressed by a novel, essay, film, play, and other forms of entertainment.
a preference that prevents one from being impartial; prejudice
an idea that is implied or suggested
the thing or situation to which a word refers, exclusive of attitude or feelings which the writer or speaker may have
the choice of words used in a literary work to express ideas and feelings
tries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to the reader’s emotions instead of to logic or reason
an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides planned actions
the main idea or argument that the author is trying to prove
the author’s attitude to his material or to his audience or both
the distinctive style or manner of expression of an author; a particular quality that distinguishes one person from another; expresses emotion
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
The order in which items are arranged in sequence according to their importance, with the most important one last.
cause and effect
cause is the reasons, grounds, motives for an event. the effects are what happens or are produced by a cause; the results
compare and contrast
examination of two or more things to find similarities and differences
pro and con arguments`
the advantages and disadvantages of a subject; the arguments for an against a question
question and information inquiry
a sentence in interrogative form, addressed to someone to get an answer. solution to the question will be provided within the essay
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences
testimony given by one acknowledged to have specialized training and knowledge in a particular subject
information relayed by a graph, diagram or visual image
references to history, known to be real or true
a story, example, comparison, etc. used to make clear or explain something
a careful hunting for facts or truth; discover facts by scientific study or subject
numerical facts about people, the weather, business conditions, etc. systematic collecting and classifying of evidence to show significance
the form of an action-expressing verb which tells that the subject preforms the action
language that is old fashioned
informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing
a distinctive variety of language, spoken by members of an identifiable religion group, nation, or social class
language conforming to a studied style in vocabulary, syntax, and pronunciation, as accepted for dignified use
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
the language of everyday speech, may use contractions and slang
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
impersonal, noncommittal approach, without offering judgement
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
vocabulary and usage that differ from the standard and that is not usually considered acceptable in formal speech or writing
expression of personal feelings or exigences
a resemblance or likeness between two different things, sometimes expressed as a simile
a device by which a writer expresses a meaning contradictory to the stated ostensible one
the arrangement of equally important ideas in a similar grammatical constructions
a question asked nor for information but to produce an effect
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack.
bitter, derisive, expression, frequently involving irony as a device, whereby what is stated is the opposite of what is actually meant.
the device of presenting something as less significant than it really is
intellectually amusing utterances calculated to delight and surprise