Survey of World History A – Unit 5

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During the Renaissance, Italian cities became centers of
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banking
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Which best states why the Renaissance began in northern Italy?
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Northern Italy was close to ancient civilizations.
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As a leader of Florence, Cosimo de’ Medici was best characterized as a
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X dictator.
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Which best explains how the Medicis were able to convince the Catholic Church to become a patron of the arts during the Renaissance?
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The Medicis became church leaders and pushed the church to support art.
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During the Renaissance, people began to question
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religious ideas
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During the Renaissance, more Europeans became increasingly interested in
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education and the arts.
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Merchant families that ruled Italian city-states established
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their own armies.
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During the Renaissance, Italian artists were supported by wealthy
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patrons.
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A significant concept that influenced Renaissance artists, many philosophers, and political leaders was
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humanism.
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How did the Renaissance affect independent monarchs?
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It increased their power.
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A new idea that Cervantes celebrates in Don Quixote is
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individuality.
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How did humanism affect paintings during the Renaissance?
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Paintings became more lifelike.
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How did use of the vernacular affect the spread of humanism in Europe?
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The vernacular helped writers and philosophers reach wider audiences.
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A Renaissance writer who applied humanistic principles to government was
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Niccolo Machiavelli.
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Which best states how ideas from classical philosophy were applied to Renaissance government?
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Ideas from classical philosophy were used to improve the structure and organization of government.
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The Divine Comedy reflected Renaissance humanism by showing that
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people are responsible for their choices.
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A major Renaissance novel about a man who fights imaginary enemies is
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Don Quixote.
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Which Renaissance writer was a humanist because of his focus on human nature, rather than religion?
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Miguel de Cervantes
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In The Divine Comedy, Dante Alighieri uses poetry to explore
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the existence of life after death.
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Machiavelli’s new ideas supported Renaissance humanism by showing that
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people were in control of their lives.
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Supporters of art during the Renaissance were called
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patrons.
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A major theme present in Renaissance art, but not in Medieval art, is
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the role of humanism.
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How does the use of perspective affect the appearance of individuals in Renaissance paintings?
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They appear to be three-dimensional.
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Which best describes the images that Michelangelo painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?
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stories from the Old Testament of the Bible
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Renaissance art often included influences from ancient Greek and Roman
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sculpture and architecture.
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Compared with Medieval art, the purpose of Renaissance art was to
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show the wealth of patrons.
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Compared with Medieval art, Renaissance art often appeared to be
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lifelike.
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During the Renaissance, an artist who was considered a “Renaissance man” because of his expertise in several areas was
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da Vinci.
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A reason that Renaissance art looked different from Medieval art is that it was generally
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created for wealthy patrons.
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A famous sketch by Leonardo da Vinci showed an early version of
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an airplane.
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By 1500, Renaissance ideas were mainly being spread across Europe through
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books.
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Where did Italian artists and writers flee for safety during the Italian wars?
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northern Europe
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How did the end of the Hundred Years’ War in 1453 help spread the Renaissance across northern Europe?
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It allowed France to focus on the Renaissance.
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Which best states how Erasmus and More helped spread Renaissance ideas in Europe?
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Both questioned Church teachings while still being religious.
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Which best describes printing before the invention of the Gutenberg printing press?
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a long, expensive process
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Which book could many people read for the first time because of the Gutenberg press?
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the Bible
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Based on the painting, which best states how Holbein contributed to the Northern Renaissance?
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Holbein blended techniques from the Italian Renaissance with his own artistic style.
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A Northern Renaissance artist who also published books was
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Albrecht DĂŒrer.
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The Italian Renaissance spread across Europe in the late 1400s through
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urbanization.
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After many people began reading and interpreting the Bible, they
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began to challenge the Church’s teachings.
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Inca civilization was structured as
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a large empire with one ruler.
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Which statement best describes the political structure of the ancient Mayas?
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The Mayas developed city-states that were powerful but independent.
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Which statement best describes the political structure of the ancient ChavĂ­ns?
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The ChavĂ­n civilization included different groups unified under a single religion.
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Which early American culture lived to the east of the Olmecs?
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the Maya
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This photo shows ruins at Machu Picchu. Which early American civilization built this ancient city?
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the Incas
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The tribute states of the ancient Aztec empire
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made regular payments to the emperor.
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What was one similarity between the Mayas, the Incas, and the Aztecs?
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They all built temples.
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In Inca society, the Sapa Inca served as
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the emperor.
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What did the ChavĂ­ns and the Incas have in common?
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Both civilizations lived in the Andes Mountains.
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The Aztecs adopted which aspect of Maya civilization?
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a stone calendar
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What was Vasco da Gama’s main goal?
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to find a water route to India
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During the Age of Discovery, interactions between Asia and Europe led to competition for land and resources and
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were accompanied by an increase in trade.
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In Portugal, the ability and motivation to explore was aided by
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strong leadership from Prince Henry.
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How did interactions among the peoples and societies of the world during the age of discovery affect European technology?
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They led to technological growth.
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Global exploration by sea was made possible primarily by
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new technology.
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Exploration was carried out
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competitively among European nations.
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The fact that the astrolabe was developed in the Muslim empire implies that
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the Muslim empire was technologically advanced.
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How did Vasco da Gama’s success in opening a seagoing trade route to Asia help Portugal?
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It allowed Portugal to build a trading empire.
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Why did Europeans travel across the Mediterranean Sea to reach the Silk Road?
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to obtain cloths, spices, and other goods
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What was one of Portugal’s main goals in exploring the west coast of Africa?
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to claim territory along the coast
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What was the Commercial Revolution?
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an enormous change in the rules of commerce due to the Columbian Exchange
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What is the name for the time period depicted?
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Age of Exploration
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The impact of the Commercial Revolution could be most felt in which realm?
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There was an economic impact; the birth of the banking system, growth of capitalism and companies dramatically increased the wealth of nations.
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What does the chart illustrate about American Indian populations?
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X The complete disappearance of the Taino from Brazil due to the Columbian Exchange.
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Which correctly matches the product with its place of origin before the Columbian Exchange?
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Horse came from Europe
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What is the best definition for mercantilism?
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an economic policy in which countries collect gold or silver and control trade
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What aspect of the Commercial Revolution would bring discord between colonists and their mother countries?
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All goods and raw materials were tightly regulated by the mother country.
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Which statement best describes the effect of Triangular Trade on Africa?
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Communities were devastated, the population declined, families were torn apart, and slave trading wars claimed even more African lives.
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What were some effects of the Columbian Exchange?
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Africa’s population declined, the Americas flourished with plants from Europe, and wealth flowed in the European economy.
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How did the Columbian Exchange affect the African people?
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The introduction of new crops and the decimation of the native population in the New World led to the capture and enslavement of many African people.
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Which statement most completely explains why the French settled in New France?
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They came to trap and trade fur, were looking for new land and a route to the Pacific, and sought to convert American Indians.
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Which countries sought control of North America during the Seven Years War?
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France and Britain
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Which statement is the most accurate description of the middle colonies in the 1700s?
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They were home to diverse immigrants, they were a center of trade, and they eventually came under British control.
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Which settlement does the colored region of the map depict?
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New France in 1750
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Which of these Southern colonies had the first colonial representative body and depended on exporting tobacco?
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Virginia
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Which statement most accurately describes the reasons for the Seven Years’ War in North America?
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Both the French and the British wanted control of the Ohio River Valley.
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According to this map, why did the French do so well at the beginning of the Seven Years’ War?
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The French fought on their own territory.
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What is the most likely reason why Southern colonies had such different exports from those of New England?
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The colonies had different growing seasons.
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How did the Spanish and French differ in their treatment of American Indians?
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The Spanish forced American Indians to convert to Christianity while the French built relationships with them.
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What kind of government did the Puritans in Massachusetts Bay create?
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a theocracy
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Renaissance art was strongly influenced by ancient Greek and Roman
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architecture.
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This great city of [TenochtitlĂĄn] is situated in this salt lake . . . . There are four . . . entrances to the city, all of which are formed by artificial [walkways] . . . . The city is as large as Seville or Cordova; its streets . . . are very wide and straight . . . . All the streets at intervals have openings, through which the water flows . . . and at these openings, some of which are very wide, there are also very wide bridges, composed of large pieces of timber, of great strength and well put together; on many of these bridges ten horses can go abreast. This quotation describes
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an Aztec city.
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A Renaissance writer considered one of the greatest poets of all time is
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Dante Alighieri.
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Which statement about women’s power during the Renaissance is true?
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Women had little political or economic power.
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Unlike during the Medieval period, church leaders commissioned works of art during the Renaissance to
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decorate religious spaces.
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What did the Mayas develop?
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a calendar based on a solar year of 365 days
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A major Renaissance poem that included real people as its characters was
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The Divine Comedy.
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The focus on the visible world in Renaissance art was called
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naturalism.
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In The Prince, Machiavelli argues that leaders maintain power through
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fear and cruelty.
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What caused Europe’s population to increase, to provoke its interest in trade, and provided its population with large amounts of gold and silver?
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the Columbian Exchange
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Which best explains how humanism affected the way Europeans thought about themselves?
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Humanism helped Europeans believe in their own potential.
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Which statement most accurately describes the main difference between the Southern and New England colonies?
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The Southern colonies were founded by people seeking profit, while the New England colonies were founded by people seeking religious freedom.
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Which explorer is known for being the first to circumnavigate the globe, yet died in Asia before completing his journey?
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Ferdinand Magellan
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How did Robert de La Salle help extend France’s influence in the New World?
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He explored the Mississippi River and built trading posts on it.
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Which best explains why Hans Holbein the Younger was a Renaissance artist?
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He used humanistic techniques to create realistic portraits of Europeans.

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