SURVEY OF AMERICAN HISTORY midterm

Flashcard maker : Steven Ramirez
Loyalists
1774 – American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence. They aimed to prevent the American Revolution and as a result prolonged the war.
Northwest Ordinance 1787
who? Thomas Jefferson
what? created the Northwest Territory
when? 1787
where? stretched from Ohio River to the Mississippi River to area around the Great Lakes and encompassed what is today Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota.
Historical Significance- established conditions for self-gov and statehood, included bill of rights and permanently prohibited slavery
Mayberry vs. Madison 1803
Marbury was a midnight appointee of the Adams administration and sued Madison for commission. Chief Justice Marshall said the law that gave the courts the power to rule over this issue was unconstitutional. established judicial review. Held in the united states Supreme Court.
Bill of Rights (1791)
who? James madison
what? First 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution
when? 1791
significance? guaranteed individual rights against infringement by federal government
Common Sense (1776)
who? Thomas Paine
what? Pamphlet anonymously written by Thomas Paine that attacked the English princess of hereditary riley and monarchal government
when? January 1776
why? insprie people in the thirteen colonies to declare and fight for independence.
Columbian Exchange
who?- Christopher Columbus
what?- widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology and ideas
when?- 15th & 16th century
where?- America and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres
why?- connecting old world and the new world
Historical importance-destructive diseases depopulated many cultures, also circulated variety of crops that increased population
Hartford Convection (1814-15)
who? New England Federalists
what? protest the war of 1812; proposed 7 constitutional amendments
when? December 15,1814
where? Hartford, Connecticut
why? Protest the ongoing war and political problems arising
H.I.- Marked end of Federalist parties
liberalism
What? political philosophy that emphasized the protection of liberty by limiting the power of gov to interfere with the natural rights of citizens
King Phillip’s War (1675)
who? Indians and colonists
what? armed conflict between between Native Americans inhabitants of present day New England and English Colonist and their Native American allies
when? 1675-1678
why? Wampanoag warriors raid border settlement of Swansee, Massachusetts, and massacre english colonist
H.I.- broaden freedoms for white New Englanders and dispassion of region’s Indians
Virtual representation (mid 1760s)
where: British Empire
what: held that each member represented the entire empire and not just its own district
when? 1760s
who: British
H.I.: British response to the First Continental Congress in the American Colony
Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
who? Pennsylvania farmers
what? violent protest by Pennsylvania farmers against the federal excise tax on whiskey
when? 1974
where?Western Frontier regions
why? fighting for principles of American Revolution
H.I.- Violent protest against taxation
Black Legend
Idea that the Spanish New World empire was more oppressive toward the Indians than other European empires; was used as a justification for English imperial expansion.
Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)
who? Nanthaniel Bacon and William Berkley
what? unsuccessfull 1676 revolt led by planter Nathaniel Bacon vs. Virginia Governor William Berkley’s administration because Berkley failed to protect settlers from indian raids and did not allow them to occupy Indian lands
when? 1676
H.I.- first rebellion in American colonies in which frontiersmen took part, made raciest better
American System
who? Henry Clay (speaker of the house)
what? program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by speaker of the house Henry Clay in his President Campaign of 1824
When?1824
why? Strengthen and unify nation
H.I.- formed the core of h
Richard Hakluyt
who? Richard Hakluyt
what? Listed 23 reasons that queen Elizabeth I should support establishment of colonies
when? 1584
why? Promoting the settlement of North America by English
Middle Passage
what? middle leg of the triangular tradiing routes linking Europe, Africa, and America
Where? Europe, Africa, and America
why? millions of Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic Slave Trade
H.I.- ships departed Europe for African markets with manufactures goods, which were trade for Africans
wall of separation
who? Jefferson
what? Separation of church and state term keyed by Jefferson
when? 1802
H.I.- Let citizens practice religion of choice
Alien & Sedition Acts
who? France
when? 1798
what? Four measures passed during the undeclared war with France that limited the freedoms of speech and press and restricted the liberty of noncitizen.
Virginia & Kentucky Resolution
who? Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
what? resolutions advanced the state-compact
theory of the constitution, federal converts to protect free speech
why? response to the alien and sedition acts
H.I.- Protected free speech
when? 1798-1799
Erie Canal
what? most important and profitable of the canals of 1820 and 1830s
where? Buffalo to Albany, New York connecting Great Lakes to East Coast
when? 1820s & 1830s
H.I.- Made NY nations largest port
Anne Hutchinson
(1591-1643) daughter of James Winthrop, threatened puritans religious experiment in New England, tried and convicted and banished from the colony with many of her supported
mill girls
female workers who came to work for the textile corporations in Lowell, Massachusetts during the industrial revolution in the U.S.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
who? Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
what? resolutions advanced the state-compact theory of the constitution, federal courts to protect free speech
why? response to the Alien and Sedition acts
when? 1798-1799

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