Success Seminar Final study guide

Outlines using a less rigid system of dashes and indenting
Informal outlines
A visual note-taking system also known as a mind map or word web
Think link
A visual note-taking strategy that categorizes information into classes
Hierarchy charts
Also known as the T-note system
Cornell notes
Spoken words or phrases that call attention to information that follows
Verbal signposts
Being worried about outside interests, feeling sick, tired, or hungry
Internal distractions
Sensing spoken messages from their source
Hearing
A process that involves both hearing and thinking about what you hear
Listening
Idea-dominated outlines using Romain numerals, numbers and letters
Formal outlines
Examples include chatting, computer use, any kind of movement or noise
External Distractions
Rapid, superficial reading of material to determine central ideas and main elements
Skimming
Taking marginal notes on the pages of a text
Annotating
Original documents, including academic journal articles and scientific studies
Primary sources
The use of special markers or regular pens to flag important passages in a text
Highlighting
A persuasive case or a set of connected ideas supported by examples
Argument
A personal note form the author that tells you what the book will cover
Preface
The process of previewing, or pre-reading, a book before your study it
Surveying
Reading material in an investigative way to search for specific information
Scanning
The process of probing for answers, which is essential for critical thinking
Question
Facts, statistics, and other materials that are presented in support of an argument
Evidence
A judgement, generalization, or bias influenced by experience and values
Assumption
Letting your mind free-associate to come up with different ideas or answers
Brainstorm
The ability to perceive, assess, and manage one’s own emotions
Emotional intelligence
A set of ideas, supported by examples
Argument
A belief, conclusion, or judgement that is inherently difficult to verify
Statement of opinion
How you adapt to or shape your environment to pursue important goals
Practical thinking
A characteristic way of thinking about people, situations, events and ideas
Perspective
Information presented as objectively real and verifiable
Statement of fact
The process of examining and evaluating information
Critical thinking
One definition: The ability to make unusual connections
Creative thinking
A set of ideas, supported by examples
Argument
The brain’s permanent storehouse from which information can be retrieved.
Long-term memory
Acronyms that form a sentence with each initial letter standing for a term.
List order acronym
The brain’s temporary storehouse where information remains for a few seconds.
Short-term memory
Memory techniques that use vivid associations to provide links.
Mnemonic devices
Brain filters from which sensory information is sent to short-term memory.
Sensory registers
A word formed from the first letters of a series of words.
Acronym
Reciting on paper.
Writing
Six questions journalists tend to ask as a writing aid.
Journalists’ questions
Reciting silently.
Rehearsing
Placing disconnected information into smaller units that are easier to remember.
Chunking
Which of the following is NOT one of the three different areas where memories are stored?
a. Sensory registers
b. Short-term memory
c. Long-term memory
d. Random memory
d. Random memory
What are three mnemonic devices that help to recall information?

a. Visual images, acronyms, and rhymes
b. Visual images, flash cards, and acronyms
c. Acronyms, visual images, and repeating it out loud
d. Associations, acronyms, and flash cards

a. Visual images, acronyms, and rhymes
Facts and concepts are kept in which of the following long-term memory storage
houses in the brain?

a. Episodic memory storage
b. Declarative memory storage
c. Procedural memory storage d. None of the above

b. Declarative memory storage
Studies show the most common reason that information fails to stay in long-term memory is
a. stress.
b. poor nutrition.
c. over-consumption of alcohol.
d. ineffective studying.
d. ineffective studying.
A complete, integrated note set that contains both class and text notes is called a
a. mnemonic device.
b. summary.
c. master note set.
d. sensory register.
c. master note set.
Synthesizing a master set of notes into a one-page study sheet of key points requires
a. critical thinking skills.
b. the Cornell method.
c. episodic memory.
d. visual associations.
a. critical thinking skills.
A sentence in which the first letters of the words in the sentence stand for the first letters of the terms you want to memorize is called a
a. nonsense word.
b. list order acronym.
c. mental walk.
d. word acronym.
b. list order acronym.
What memory tool places disconnected information into units that are easier to remember?
a. Sensory registry
b. Chunking
c. Memory dumping
d. Repetition
b. Chunking
A mnemonic device is
a. a memory technique that uses a vivid association to link new information to
what you already know.
b. a tool to help you to memorize material.
c. a technique that uses acronyms and other visual pictures to help hook
information together.
d. all of the above.
d. all of the above.
When studying for more than one course, your memory may be more accurate when you
a. study two similar subjects back-to-back.
b. study two different subjects back-to-back.
c. only study one subject per day.
d. switch subjects every 30 minutes.
b. study two different subjects back-to-back.
Focused, active rehearsal repeated over time is necessary to move information to long- term memory.

True False

True
It doesn’t matter where you study as long as you have the right materials to study from.

True /False

False
When constructing a summary, you should condense the material and avoid including your own ideas or evaluations.

True /False

True
The rule of thumb for academic success is to study two to three hours for every one hour you are in class.

True / False

True
Continual studying with no breaks is more effective than three shorter study sessions with brief periods of rest in between.

True /False

False
Memories are built when the movement of information in your brain forms or strengthens connections among ________.
Neurons
Using the six __________ _________ can help you figure out what study strategies work best for you.
journalists’ questions
___________ material for memorization is done silently.
rehearsing
Repeating concepts out loud is known as ____________.
Reciting
Using _________ __________ for short, repeated review sessions gives you immediate feedback.
Flash Cards
Words and phrases that can alter the meaning of a test question
Qualifiers
A practice exam that is taken with the purpose of preparing for the exam
Pretest
Short-answer questions that test your ability to recall and compare information
Objective Questions
A bad case of nerves that can make it hard to think or remember during an exam
Test Anxiety
Intensive, last-minute studying right before an exam
Cramming
Words such as all, only, and always that often make a statement false
Absolute qualifiers
Essay questions that require your personal knowledge and perspective
Subjective questions
An emotional disturbance that tends to be based on an imagined risk
Anxiety
Words such as generally and sometimes that often make a statement true
Conservative qualifiers
Particular days scheduled by a college for students to study for final exams
Reading Period
The goal of any college test is to
a. make sure you have done the assignments.
b. see what you have learned.
c. scare you into studying.
d. keep you coming to class.
b. see what you have learned.
Test anxiety can often cause
a. heart conditions.
b. sweating and nausea.
c. depression.
d. all of the above.
b. see what you have learned.
The two keys to combating test anxiety are
a. good nutrition and sleep.
b. preparation and potential.
c. attitude and preparation.
d. aptitude and attitude.
c. attitude and preparation.
When you pay attention to words such as always, never, or every in test questions, you are aware of
a. how qualifiers modify the meaning of a question.
b. how transitions help move readers to a new idea.
c. how critical thinking helps avoid errors.
d. how ideas are linked to examples.
a. how qualifiers modify the meaning of a question.
On an essay test, if the question requires you to give your opinion about the value or worth of something, you are being asked to
a. evaluate.
b. summarize.
c. define.
d. analyze.
a. evaluate.
When taking a test it is a bad idea to
a. rush through and leave early.
b. watch the clock.
c. make intelligent guesses.
d. use critical thinking skills
a. rush through and leave early.
Which of the following is NOT an effective strategy to use with matching questions?
a. Start with the matches you do not know
b. Start with the matches you know
c. Save the matches you are not sure of for last
d. Understand the directions clearly
a. Start with the matches you do not know
The BEST way to prepare to answer an essay question is
a. read the entire question, focus on adjectives, and build an argument to support
your thesis.
b. read the entire question and begin writing your thoughts.
c. map out your time, focus on action verbs, and plan out your argument.
d. be logical and read the entire question.
c. map out your time, focus on action verbs, and plan out your argument.
To answer a question on a multiple-choice test, which is an effective strategy?
a. Focus on qualifiers.
b. Underline key words and phrases.
c. Try to think of the answer before looking at the choices.
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
Spending a few minutes to get an overview at the beginning of a test is important because
a. you’re certain to have plenty of time to complete the exam.
b. you can get a general sense of whether you will pass or fail.
c. you can get an idea of the type of questions you face and how to approach
them.
d. you can decide which questions you have no hope of answering.
c. you can get an idea of the type of questions you face and how to approach
them.
The BEST way to start answering questions on a test is to start with the hard questions first.
True False
False
Even a small amount of stress is bad to experience before a test. True
False
False
The first step in answering an essay test question is to start writing immediately. True
False
False
When you must answer questions after reading a passage, you should read the questions first, and then the passage.
True False
True
If you fail an exam, it’s best to throw it away and move on with your life. True
False
False
Words that can change the meaning of a statement or test question are called __________.
Qualifiers
Multiple choice, true/false, and fill-in-the-blank are _________ test questions.
Objective
Although it may allow you to pass a test, __________ robs you of the opportunity to learn and damage your academic record and job prospects.
Cheating
One way to calm test anxiety when test time comes is to manage your ___________.
Environment
Essay questions are also known as ______________ questions.
Subjective
Listening is
a. the same thing as hearing.
b. focused on one thing at a time.
c. a learnable skill that engages thinking abilities.
d. internal and external.
c. a learnable skill that engages thinking abilities.
Financial stress has been causing Cory to worry all the time, affecting his attention in the classroom. This is an example of
a. internal distraction.
b. external distraction.
c. evaluation stage.
d. listening lapse.
a. internal distraction.
Which is NOT an effective way to reduce distractions in the classroom?
a. Put your worries aside in class and sit near the front of the room.
b. Get enough sleep and make sure you eat enough.
c. Move away from people who talk during class.
d. Use pens or pencils with different colors to distinguish main ideas from supporting ones.
d. Use pens or pencils with different colors to distinguish main ideas from supporting ones.
Which of the following is NOT a cause of listening lapses?
a. Refocusing quickly
b. Difficult information
c. Uninteresting information
d. Focusing only on specific points
a. Refocusing quickly
Your instructor discusses ideas and examples in a logical manner but moves fairly quickly. Which note-taking system would be an effective choice for this class?
a. Mental walk
b. Informal outline
c. Time line
d. Guided notes
b. Informal outline
Choosing an effective note-taking system for yourself will depend on
a. the instructor’s teaching style.
b. your own learning style.
c. the course material.
d. all of the above.
d. all of the above.
Which of the following is NOT a helpful organizing strategy for notes?
a. Timelines
b. Tables
c. Hierarchy charts
d. Different types of paper
d. Different types of paper
The Cornell note-taking system is based on the use of a
a. three-column structure.
b. T-shaped note design.
c. charting method.
d. mind map.
b. T-shaped note design.
Which is another term for a think link?
a. A hierarchy chart
b. A mind map
c. Cues for memorization
d. An informal outline
b. A mind map
When is the BEST time to review class lecture notes for the first time?
a. Within a week of the class
b. Within a day of the lecture
c. Right before your test or quiz
d. During your reading period for finals
b. Within a day of the lecture
The charting method of note taking is effective for classes in which the material is presented sequentially.
True False
True
Effective listening requires that you think in a focused way about what you hear. True
False
True
Reviewing reading assignments before class has no effect on your ability to take notes. True
False
True
The Cornell note-taking system is also known as the F pattern. True
False
False
The think link method is the most effective classroom note-taking technique. True
False
False
Keeping an eye on your cell phone during class to see who sends you text messages is an example of an ___ ___
external distraction
An ___ __ uses a system of indenting and dashes to indicate relationships among ideas.
Informal outline
Signals from your professor such as “A key point is . . .” or “For instance . . .” are known as ________ ____________.
Verbal signposts
In the Cornell system of taking notes, the cue column should be placed on the _______ side of the page.
Left
When you hear something you don’t like, you may rush to _____ and tune out the rest of the message.
Judgement
Taking an active approach to reading means doing all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Defining your purpose.
b. Getting help.
c. Having an open mind.
d. Expanding your vocabulary.
d. Expanding your vocabulary.
What is NOT part of determining an effective setting for focused reading?

a. the right location
b. the evening
c. A time of day when you are alert and focused
d. your ability to concentrate

b. the evening
Ways to increase your concentration when studying include

a. avoiding social activities and fearing failure.
b. taking breaks every hour and writing ideas on paper.
c. organizing your books and analyzing your environment.
d. structuring your study time and minimizing technology use.

d. structuring your study time and minimizing technology use.
When studying math you should
a. work through problem steps as you read.
b. do some problems and then memorize the formula.
c. move on even if you are unsure.
d. skim over formulas to devote more time to concepts.
a. work through problem steps as you read.
You’re reading an online report concerning the leading causes of climate change. Which of the following would suggest that the evidence supporting the author’s position is unreliable?
a. The evidence comes from many primary sources, including several science experiments that have measurable, verifiable results.
b. The evidence logically relates to the issues and reports results objectively.
c. The evidence is mainly from two large-scale studies sponsored by two
different auto manufacturers.
d. The report avoids emotional terms and the evidence is stated in clear, concrete
terms that are easy to define.
c. The evidence is mainly from two large-scale studies sponsored by two
different auto manufacturers.
The purpose of surveying before reading a chapter is to
a. see how many pages you need to read.
b. get an overview of the main ideas and themes.
c. review the material to prep for exams.
d. begin to memorize the information.
get an overview of the main ideas and themes.
When is the most effective time to recite information from your reading?
a. After you have read the chapter
b. After you have read one paragraph
c. After you have read a text section
d. After you have designed questions
c. After you have read a text section
Critical readers
a. choose a side if they are reading an argument.
b. accept most of what they read as fact.
c. offer constructive criticism about the reading.
d. question every statement for accuracy, relevance, and logic.
d. question every statement for accuracy, relevance, and logic.
Locating information in electronic library databases requires that you use
a. search engines.
b. keywords.
c. audiovisual materials.
d. the stacks.
b. keywords.
Which of the following would be BEST to highlight as you read your textbook?
a. Only the definitions
b. Each sentence as you read it
c. Key terms and concepts
d. You shouldn’t mark your textbook at all
c. Key terms and concepts
A nursing textbook is an example of a primary source. True
False
False
Skimming reading material means to read in an investigative way to search for specific information.
True False
False
Rapid, superficial reading of a material is also known as scanning. True
False
False
Effective questioning involves asking yourself what you already know and writing questions linked to chapter headers.
True False
True
Critical reading involves questioning, analysis, and evaluation. True
False
True
Taking marginal notes on the pages of your textbook is called ________________.
Annotating
_______ is an effective and comprehensive reading method that will enhance your studying, retention, and understanding of reading material.
SQ3R
____________ , both immediately and periodically in the days and weeks after you read something, is the key to learning.
Reviewing
An ____________ uses a set of connected ideas supported by examples to prove or disprove a point.
Argument
When searching on the Internet, use a __________ ____________ to compile lists of hits and isolate valuable sites.
Search engine
The act of thinking depends on
a. learning.
b. analyzing.
c. questioning.
d. creating.
c. questioning.
The process of gathering information, breaking it into parts, examining it, and making connections is
a. practical thinking.
b. creative thinking.
c. evaluative thinking.
d. critical thinking.
d. critical thinking.
Gathering information requires a careful analysis of all the following EXCEPT
a. the ability to shift perspectives.
b. the amount of information you need.
c. the amount of time you have to locate the information.
d. the relevancy of the information.
a. the ability to shift perspectives.
What strategy will help you in the critical process?

a. Separate the ideas and look for themes
b. Compare and contrast
c. Examine cause and effect
d. All of the above

d. All of the above
Evidence with a bias
a. includes absolutes, abstract terms, emotional words, and evaluative statements.
b. includes preferences that prevent even-handed judgment.
c. predicts future events.
d. uses concrete words, measurable statistics, and references to actual people,
places and events.
b. includes preferences that prevent even-handed judgment.
Statements of opinion
a. include absolutes, abstract terms, emotional words, and evaluative statements.
b. avoid predicting future events.
c. use concrete words, measurable statistics, and references to actual people,
places and events.
d. include absolutes, qualifiers, and measurable statistics.
a. include absolutes, abstract terms, emotional words, and evaluative statements.
When thinking creatively, it’s useful to
a. get organized.
b. avoid taking risks.
c. separate fact from opinion.
d. break the mold.
d. break the mold.
Which sequence of events illustrates the most helpful problem-solving plan?
a. Clearly state the problem, analyze its cause and effects, brainstorm possible
solutions, evaluate the pros and cons of each potential choice, pick an option,
try it out, and evaluate its success.
b. Think of a solution, execute it, and evaluate the positive and negative effects.
If it doesn’t work, try another solution.
c. Clearly state the problem, get advice from a friend or teacher, and act on the
best suggestion.
d. Recall a time when someone you know had a similar problem, find out what
they did, evaluate the pros and cons, and then evaluate your options.
a
To try a new approach with something, you should
a. get advice from your instructor as soon as you encounter a new idea.
b. ask yourself if it is consistent with your core beliefs.
c. shift perspectives, ask “what if” questions, and take risks.
d. give yourself as much time as you need to gather information.
c. shift perspectives, ask “what if” questions, and take risks.
Practical thinking is
a. asking and answering “big picture” questions and then breaking those
questions into manageable parts so you can reach your goals.
b. finding ways to shape, change, or adapt to one’s environment to implement
important goals.
c. thinking clearly and effectively under stress.
d. all of the above
b. finding ways to shape, change, or adapt to one’s environment to implement
important goals.
To work through problems and decisions, it is most effective to use critical, creative, and practical thinking.
True False
True
Effective thinking means you limit the number of questions you ask. True
False
False
An effective way to identify an opinion is to look for absolutes, predictions, and abstract words.
True False
True
Brainstorming, also known as divergent thinking, is an example of practical thinking. True
False
False
Generally, problem solving aims to counteract negative effects, whereas decision making aims to fulfill a need.
True False
True
Experience helps you develop the ______________ _________________ that helps
you navigate personal emotions and social interactions.
Emotional intelligence
__________ ________ is the process of gathering information and examining it in different ways.
Critical thinking
Two relevant parts of information to search for when thinking critically are the ________ and the evidence that supports it.
argument
A judgment influenced by experiences or values is known as a(n) ___________.
assumption
To set your mind free to come up with different ideas or answers is to __________.
brainstorm