Stress Management Final

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Chronic Stress
This type of stress is most commonly associated with illness and disease.
Increased gastric movement
Which of the following characteristics is not typically experienced in the fight-or-flight response?
One’s perception or interpretation
These factors, above all else, determine one’s degree of stress.
Massive urban sprawl
This stressor would be classified as a bio ecological influence.
Psychointerpersonal influences
Experts suggest that most stressors fall in this category.
The whole is equal to the sum of the parts.
Regarding stress management, the holistic wellness paradigm suggests that:
Rapid societal change
“Future Shock” is best defined as:
21st century lifestyle stress
“Super stress” is a term coined by Dr. Roberta Lee to mean:
Dopamine
The neurotransmitter associated with chemical addictions, but now also associated with screen addictions, is:
Digital consciousness with online media
“Cognitive Surplus” is a term that best explains:
The dumbing down of Americans from Internet exposure
The term “shallow effect” is related to this concept:
Narcissism and lack of values
Nita Lallas attributes the cause of America’s current demise of civility with:
0.008 blood alcohol level
People on cell phones show a driving impairment measurable of:
Vitamin D
This vitamin is called the sunshine vitamin.
37
This many gallons of water are used to produce one cup of coffee:
Grade school
It is suggested that attitudes and behaviors about race and gender begin in:
The kidneys
The adrenal gland rests on top of this organ.
The limbic system
The stress response initially involves this system.
Acetylcholine
When released, this substance is instrumental in returning the body to homeostasis.
Epinephrine
This substance is released as an immediate response to stress.
The limbic area
This level of the brain is called the “seat of the emotions” because it appears to be the first to register pain.
Damage to brain cells from chronic stress is reversible.
Based on brain imaging research in the last decade, which of the following statements is not true?
Neuroplasticity
This term explains the brain’s ability to create new cell tissue and repair itself well into adulthood.
Root chakra
This chakra is associated with the prostate gland as a result of potential security issues.
Sacral chakra
In terms of stress and disease, this chakra area is suggested to be related to self-esteem/self-worth issues.
The etheric
This layer of the human energy field is most closely associated with the body’s blueprint of physical health and that found closest to the physical body.
An energy vortex to transduce energy in/through the human energy field.
A chakra is:
Every cell in the body holds consciousness.
Cell memory suggests that:
Narcissism
Which of the following defense mechanisms is not commonly associated with the psychology of everyday stress?
Defense mechanisms are conscious volitions.
Freud would NOT agree with the following statement:
Symbolic thinking
According to Carl Jung, the unconscious mind is well versed in this method of articulating itself.
Unity of conscious and unconscious minds
The term “psychic equilibrium” means:
The process of self-reflection toward wholeness.
The term “individuation” refers to:
Dreams are a fabrication of the unconscious mind.
Jung would NOT agree with the following statement:
Denial, Anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.
Kugler-Ross’s original order of the grieving stages is:
Self-reflection
Which of the following did Kubler-Ross consider to be essential to resolving grief and finding inner peace?
Guilt can be productive if it prevents worrying.
Dr. Wayne Dyer would NOT agree with this statement:
The special quality that makes every person unique.
According to Buscaglia, a person’s X-factor is:
Creativity, a sense of humor, acceptance, and mystical sensations
According to Maslow, the following are among the traits cited in the self-actualized individual.
The study of happiness, positive virtues, and positive institutions.
Positive psychology is based on these three aspects:
Abraham Maslow
This psychologist’s concept of the Hierarchy of Needs nicely mirrors the concept of the chakra system.
Desires
From a Tibetan perspective of mind and stress, stress is believed to be a consequence of:
Self-awareness
The most common theme among theorists regarding the psychology of stress is:
Hostile aggressive behavior
The Type A characteristic is thought to be most closely related to coronary heart disease.
Type A personality is really an aggression-based personality.
The landmark Western Collaborative Groups Study found the following.
Multi-tasking
Polyphasia is another name for:
Fear of rejection
Codependent behavior deals mostly with this basic fear:
96%
According to estimates by those who have studied the codependent personality, this percentage of the American population is classified as codependent due to direct or indirect exposure to alcoholism.
The addictive personality
This statement best describes the codependent personality according to Anne Wilson Schaef.
External locus of control
The helpless-hopeless personality is most closely associated with this factor.
Challenge, control, and commitment
These three characteristics are thought to be associated with what is now known as the hardy personality.
Connectedness, uniqueness, power, and role models
Self-esteem is thought to comprise the following components.
The immune system of our consciousness.
According to self-esteem expert Nathaniel Brandon, high self-esteem has been described as:
A rethinking process about a stressor.
Cognitive restructuring is a term best described as:
Helps to balance negative self-talk.
Reframing, in the form of positive affirmations:
Awareness, reappraise, adopt, evaluate
This is the suggested order to reconstruct negative thoughts into positive ones:
A form of healthy grieving.
“Brief grief” is considered:
Operant conditioning
This behavioral theory speaks to the nature of “voluntary” behaviors.
Values
Of the following parts of one’s personality, which is thought to be the most difficult to influence with regard to stress?
Expressing personal rights and feelings.
Assertiveness can be best described as:
Precursor
This term is used in the field of psychology to describe the catalyst for unhealthy behavior.
Help identify and resolve the causes of stress through self-awareness.
The primary purpose of journal writing to help control stress is to:
Crayons, clay, pastels, colored pencils
This medium is thought to be the best to elicit feelings and emotion for non-verbal self-expression.
Red
The archetypal use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent passion.
Orange
The archetypal use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent change.
Purple
The archetypal use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent a spiritual nature.
Yellow
The archetypal use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent energy.
Grey
The archetypal use of this color in art therapy is suggested to represent ambiguity.
Behavior that is neither passive nor aggressive but proactive.
Describe Assertiveness:
1. Learning to say no
2. “I” statements
3. Eye contact
Three assertiveness skills:
Abstract and tangible concepts of important meaning.
Define value:
Beliefs about our values expressed as opinion.
Define attitudes:
Trust, faith and acceptance that something is true.
Define Belief
Music therapy, humor therapy, yoga, massage, visualization
List 5 relaxation techniques:
1. Awareness
2. Reappraisal
3. Adoption & Substitution
4. Evaluation
Written Question:
4 Steps to Cognitive Restructuring:
Acknowledge stress & identify what it is.
Written Question:
1. Awareness
Offer a different viewpoint to your thought process.
Written Question:
2. Reappraisal
Implement the new thought and substitute it in place of the old thought.
Written Question:
3. Adoption & Substitution
Was this new thought process successful? Did it work?
Written Question:
4. Evaluation
1. Awareness
2. Desire to change
3. Cognitive restructuring
4. Behavioral substitution
5. Evaluation
Written Question:
5 Stages of Change

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