Stage craft

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Two types of projectors
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lensed vs. no lens
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lensed
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slide projector, ability to shoot bright light over a long distance
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no lens
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hand puppet, shadows
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projection
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presentation of an image on a surface
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Two most common lensed projectors
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image projectors and digital projectors
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image projectors
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uses a slide or some other sort of transparency and shine slight through it onto a projection surface
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digital projectors
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receives a digital signal and transforms it into a light source using one of two technologies LCD or DLP
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Factors that affect projections
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Affect the sharpness of an image when projecting
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-higher watt stronger the contrast, clearer the image -closer the image is to the screen he clearer the image is
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Aerial perspective
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refers to the effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance.
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Linnebach projector
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Box made out of metal, light source in the back, holes drilled into top to let heat out, angles opening in the front, take an image and place it in the box and projects image on piece of fabric
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Lensed projectors :Three parts to make
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Lamp, slide, and optical lens train
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Slides can be made on 3 types
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Glass, Plexiglass, Acetate
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Hot mirror
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often employed to protect optical systems by reflecting infrared light back into a light source, while allowing visible light to pass.
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Gobo
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A metal cutout that is placed in front of the lens of a lighting instrument to create different shadowed images on stage
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Keystoning
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dial, allows you to adjust image shape
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Rear projections
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projecting and image onto a special translucent screen from the rear -need a good rear screen material or will produce an inferior image – available in many sizes and colors -requires a much brighter light than front projection, -projector can be centered behind the screen and are hidden from the audience
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Front projections
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– projecting an image onto a screen from the front -image can be projected onto a wide variety of surfaces. – can be 3-d or broken up to allow for action behind or through the screen -disadvantage, needs to throw from a more extreme angle or greater distance than a rear projector
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paperwork/artwork designer’s use
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rendering, paper with drawing of costume with swatch to show fabric
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how can a costume define the character
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-geographical location, warm/cool climate. -Shoes-flip flops-warm, boots-cold -age/gender, youth-light up shoes, old-sweaters, vests. -Economical status- poor/rich- jewelery- rolex, vs. walmart watch
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costume props
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ex. Glasses, watches, hankerchiefs, if prop is integrial to the design of the clothing or is designed by the costume designer it is considered a costume prop.
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Types of make up:
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Cake version, Cream make up, Liquid make up, Grease paint
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Cake version
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add water to it, put on face, doesn’t sweat off, good for people who sweat a lot
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Cream make up
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think, drawn on, powder to set it
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Liquid make up
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water base, lighter, doesn’t blend well, dries quick and hard
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Grease paint
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cover anything, oily- makes skin break out. Set with powder
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How life effects the way you look
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-age -jaw structure – genetics, born with features -wrinkles Skin the health, pale and sunken eyes mean your sickly Injures- cut, scars
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Application techniques
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Straight/ street make up, Remedial make up, Character make up, Fantasy
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Straight/ street make up
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not change features, help make natural features more prominent, emphasizes features that are already there
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Remedial make up
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add slight change, scars, broken nose, larger eyes/ lips
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Character make up
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some major alteration , age-add wrinkles, can see who they are just changes an obvious thing
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Fantasy
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complete ignores characters real face, ex add piece to face, take away from real person, fools audience eyes from believing what we want
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Materials that can be used for 3-d make up
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Prosthetic techniques
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latex attached to skin or other things you add to face that really change the look
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Nose putty
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sticky wax in a tin that you create shapes out of to create prosthetics, good for stable area, doesn’t need adhesive
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Derma wax
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sticks to skin with adhesive and smooths perfectly, can be used like nose putty
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Liquid latex
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rubber masks are made from, stick to skin, isn’t starchy
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Crape hair
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made of sheep’s wool, iron it and put liquid latex on face and stick crape hair to it, doesn’t last long, comes in different colors.
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Basic functions of sound
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music/ sound effects/ reinforcement
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music
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preshow-set the mood, atmosphere aftershow- keep mood going, audience out intermission underscore- set mood for the particular scene
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sound effects
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anything to add to atmosphere/ put us in the moment bird chirping, traffic, thunder/rain
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reinforcement
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microphones-make voice heard get voice advantage over instruments or loud equipment
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frequency
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measurement, number of waves that pass by. high pitched- lots of waves low pitched- big long waves
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intensity
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the magnitude of sound higher the wave the louder, shorter wave the quieter
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timbre
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quality of sound , what distinguished the sound of two different musical instruments playing an identical note at the same volume
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Acoustics
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relates to the reflections, absorption, and creation of harmonics that characterize aa theatre’s reverberant field
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Process sound designer goes through
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1. read through script 2. listen for obvous things, birds, clock chiming 11 times 3. mood, feelings-create fear
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Unbalanced lines
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cable made up of a single conductor with a metallic shield wrapped around it. Single conductor is the positive and shield acts as both the negative and ground
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Balanced
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has two conductors with a shield. The negative and positive carry the signal while the shilds acts simply as the ground.
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Problems with using a carousel projector
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types of images that affect primary/secondary projections
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actor tracking list
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costume tracking list
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costume shop equipment in class
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industrial vs home verison of sweing machine,iron,sergers
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sewing machine, bigger, at home u use a pedal. Iron- steam press in factory, much bigger serger
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Where are computers being used
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send ideas back and forth, online database for furniture, renting, can see exactly what the item looks like. you can order materials 24/7 . Box office uses comps. Promotional work done on computer. theatres have websites now
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Computers being used for desginers
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drawings are done digital, they make it easier to change something and send it. makes the job faster
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How can 3-d modeling help theatre designers
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365 degree angle . view of costume all around.
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How do lighting designers use the computer
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light plots are on computer, spreadsheets/and data bases on comp to ccross check. all the equipment run by comp. light board is computerized
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How have computers altered sound design in the theatre
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edit the sound on comp, cut and paste pitches, over lay sound, playback, pattern drafting
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How have computers changed the operation of scene changes, how have they improved mechanization
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set can be mechanical, move sets around with a remote control.
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basic microphone pickup patterns
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