SS Chapter 3

Sometimes they prayed to the gods to make it flood more.
Main Idea: Even though the Nile flooded, it was important to the Egyptians
Details: Sometimes the Nile flooded too much or not enough
The Egyptians made calendars to keep track of when the Nile would flood.
What is the last detail?

It starts in East Africa then travels north to Egypt and into the Mediterranean Sea.
Describe the route of the Nile River.

They prayed to the gods, invented the calendar and the nileometer, and made irrigation systems.
What solutions did the Egyptians come up with to deal with the flooding of the Nile?

It was a giver because without the floods they couldn’t harvest their crops and the taker is because it sometimes killed people and destroyed crops.
How was the Nile a giver and taker of life?

No, I don’t think their civilization would last very long because they probably wouldn’t be prepared.
Suppose the Egyptians had not tried to predict when the Nile would flood. Do you think their civilization would have lasted very long?

Pharaohs are on the top of the class system.
Main Idea: Pharaohs were very important to the Egyptians.
Details: Pharaohs were considered god-kings.
The Egyptians built pyramids for the pharaohs.
What is the last detail?

King Menes led his army into Lower Egypt and joined the two kingdoms.
According to legend, how was Egypt unified?

Hieroglyphics are forms of writing made up of pictures or symbols and we know from the Rosetta Stone and also that each picture stood for objects and had a sound.
What are hieroglyphics and how do we know what they mean?

They both had a form of writing the difference is Sumerians had cuniform which is like the alphabet and the Egyptians had hieroglyphics which are like pictures.
How was Egyptians culture similar to and different from Sumerian culture?

Trade was important to them because the economy became stronger.
Why was trade important to the Egyptians?

True.
Nubia was a kingdom to the south of Egypt.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

True.
Meroitic was the Nubian written language.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

False, Meroitic was not translated.
Just like hieroglyphics, Meroitic was translated using the Rosetta Stone.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

False, the Nubians worshiped many gods.
The Nubians worshiped only one god.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

False, the Egyptians invaded the Nubians.
The Nubians invaded Egypt in search of resources.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

True.
Egypt cut blocks of granite from Nubia’s northern cliffs.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

True.
Egypt built trading centers and forts in Nubia.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

False, Egypt expanded its borders into northern Nubia during the 1800s B.C.
Nubia expanded its borders into northern Egypt during the 1800s B.C.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

True.
Kush became free under the rule of the Hyksos.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

True.
After the 1400s B.C., Egypt became so weak that Kush won its independence.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.

False, it remained a great trade center until A.D. 350.
Meroe became a great trade center in A.D. 350.
True or false if false give a statement to make it true.