Speech Final – Flashcards with Answers

question

It’s a psychologically based perception
answer

Which statement correctly reflects your books definition of gender?
question

Individuals strive for their own achievement
answer

Characteristic of an individualistic culture
question

Group achievements is valued over individual achievement
answer

characteristic of a collectivistic culture
question

There are clear lines of authority in who reports to whom
answer

Characteristic of a culture that values a centralized approach to power
question

Leadership is shared by many people
answer

Characteristics of a culture that values a decentralized approach to power?
question

Elaborate codes of conduct are enforced
answer

Hofstede’s research, which of the following is a characteristic of a culture that has a high level of uncertainty avoidance?
question

People have relaxed,informal expectations for others
answer

Characteristic of a culture that has a greater tolerance for uncertainty?
question

Enhancing the overall quality of life
answer

Hofstede’s research, which of the following is a typical value of a feminine culture?
question

Traditional roles for men and women
answer

According to Hofstede’s research, which of the following is a typical value of a masculine culture?
question

Cultural value
answer

People from U.S. often think that individual choke and achievement is important. This is an example of
question

U.S.
answer

Which culture would be considered a low-context culture?
question

Unspoken cues are a rich information source
answer

Characteristic of a high-context culture?
question

It is communicated primarily through environment and nonverbal cues
answer

Which of the following is true about culture context
question

Culture shock
answer

The sense of confusion, anxiety, stress, or loss experience when encountering a culture difference from one’s own is referred to as
question

Worldview
answer

The perceptions shared by a group of people about their key beliefs and issues is their
question

Intercultural Communication
answer

Larry visits a Russian company to present a business proposal. His interaction with this group would be considered an example of
question

Co-culture
answer

A cultural group within a larger culture is referred to as a
question

Culture
answer

A learned system of knowledge, behavior, attitudes, and norms shared by a group of people is a
question

All of these
answer

Ethnicity is a social classification based on a number of factors, including
question

2/3
answer

What fraction of immigrants on Earth come from US?
question

Reciprocity
answer

A common pattern in this culture is for one person’s self-disclosure to be followed by a similar self-disclosure from the other person. This is the characteristic of self-disclosure known as
question

Shared activities
answer

According to your book, men’s friendships with other men are based on
question

How much and what kind of information we reveal in various stages of a relationship
answer

Altiman and Taylor’s model of social penetration illustrates
question

Decreases
answer

As the level of intimacy in a relationship increases, the amount of self-disclosure
question

Both broad and deep
answer

Altman and Taylor’s model of self-disclosure, communication between partners at the the intimate level is
question

Appropriateness
answer

When considering what kinds of information should not be disclosed to Miriam on their first date, Ronald has to consider the ______ of each bit of that information
question

True
answer

It is rare for a long-term relationship to be maintained solely on the basis of what you initially found attractive.
question

True
answer

The notion of “quality” of our communication implies that we treat the other person as a unique human being rather than as a role
question

True
answer

When we respond to the cashier at a local market by his/her role rather than a unique human, we are engaging in impersonal communication
question

True
answer

We are less likely to be attracted to people who are far away from us physically and geographically
question

True
answer

You may be physically attracted to someone but not sexually attracted to them
question

Self-absorbed communicator
answer

Another term used to describe a conversational narcissist is
question

How we use information about other people in order to understand them better
answer

Which of the following statements best describes the focus of uncertainty reduction theory?
question

Immediacy
answer

Nonverbal cues that indicate likely are referred to as
question

Passive
answer

A communication strategy of reducing our uncertainty by observing others and observing situations is describing a ______ strategy.
question

We are attracted to people who are opposite from ourselves on certain qualities and needs
answer

The idea of complementarity is that
question

When the lives of two people overlap in some way
answer

When do relationships of circumstance occur?
question

Matching hypothesis
answer

The tendency to seek out individuals who represent the same level of physical attractiveness as ourselves is explained as
question

People can be physically attracted to someone that they do not find sexually attractive
answer

Which of the following is true concerning physical and sexual attraction?
question

Interpersonal attraction
answer

The degree to which we desire to form and possibly maintain an interpersonal relationship with another person is called
question

Discussing only disadvantages of possible solutions
answer

In managing your emotions, all of the following guidelines are helpful except
question

“I feel unappreciated when you do not respond to my questions”
answer

Which of the following is an appropriate example of “owning” your feel ins by using an “I” message?
question

Use self-talk to calm your emotions
answer

In order to manage your emotions in a conflict situation, it would be helpful to do which of the following
question

Symbolic displacement
answer

When people engage in one conflict in the place of another symbolically related one, they are engaging in
question

A link exists between verbal aggression and physical aggression or abuse
answer

Which of the following statements is true concerning verbal aggression?
question

Confrontational
answer

people who use blame as a strategy for winning a conflict are using which conflict style?
question

Non confrontational
answer

Placating, distracting, and computing responses are types of what conflict style?
question

View conflict as a set of problems to be solved
answer

A cooperative approach to conflict is one in which we
question

Serial arguments
answer

Argumentative episodes that focused on a given issue that occur at least twice are called
question

Interpersonal power
answer

The ability to influence another in the direction we desire is
question

Lack of flexibility
answer

Which of the following is the most notable contributing factor to a destructive conflict?
question

Predictability vs. change
answer

Tensions between stability and change is the _______ dialectic
question

Openness vs. closedness
answer

Tension between revealing information and maintaining privacy is the ______ dialectic
question

Autonomy vs. connection
answer

The tension between personal freedom and shared actives is the _______ dialectic
question

Relational dialectics
answer

A perspective that revolves around how relational partners manage tensions is called
question

Be exploratory intensify
answer

In general, relationships can _______, and they can ______ when they escalate
question

De-intensification stage
answer

A couple experiences significantly less interaction and begins to no longer depend as much on one another for support. They also begin to question whether their relationship has a future. This illustrates which stage in relational de-escalation?
question

Intensification
answer

The relationship stage of which you begin to spend more time together, begin depending upon each other for self-confirmation, and increases the variety of activities you participate in together is the ______ stage.
question

1 to 2
answer

Research has found that most adults tend to have on average _____ best friends
question

False
answer

Nonverbal cues that complement are those that take place of a verbal message
question

True
answer

Using one’s voice to add intensity to a particular word is an example of using a nonverbal accent cue
question

False
answer

Nonverbal cues are only important at the early stages of relationships
question

True
answer

Nonverbal cues can register on our senses from a variety of sources at the same time
question

False
answer

Verbal communication is more believable than nonverbal communication
question

Accent
answer

Nonverbal messages that reinforce a verbal message to _____ that message.
question

Emblem
answer

University of Texas fans show the pinkie finger and the index finger to represent the sign, “Hook ’em horns”, a reference to their mascot. This is an example of a
question

Artifacts
answer

Displays of culture such as clothing, jewelry, and makeup, are called
question

Human movement, gestures, and posture
answer

Kinesics is a general term for
question

Nonverbal messages do not conform to the patterns of language
answer

The statement, “Nonverbal communication is non-linguistic” means that
question

Verbal behavior is less ambiguous; nonverbal is more ambiguous
answer

Which of the following statements accurately expresses the difference between verbal and nonverbal behavior?
question

Perception checking
answer

A strategy for checking the accuracy of your interpretation of another person’s nonverbal behavior is called
question

Raising your eyebrows when meeting someone
answer

Which of the following nonverbal cues would be considered to be universal?
question

The aggressiveness of the communicator
answer

According to the expectancy violation model, which of the following will not influence our response to a message
question

Nonverbal cues often signal changes in the level of satisfaction with a relationship
answer

Which of the following statements is true of nonverbal communication in relationships?
question

Verbal communication is a conscious activity, much of our nonverbal is not
answer

The reason we say that nonverbal communication is more believable than verbal communication is that
question

93%
answer

According to Mehrabian, nonverbal communication conveys _____ percent of the emotional meaning of our messages
question

Our face
answer

According to Mehrabian’s research, the most significant source of emotional meaning in our communication is
question

Extroverted
answer

A person with a high handshake index may be perceived to be
question

Communication other than written or spoken language
answer

Nonverbal communication may best be defined as
question

False
answer

Meanings reside in words
question

False
answer

Bypassing rarely occurs between two people who are fluent in English
question

True
answer

The denotative meaning of the word “home” can be found in the dictionary
question

True
answer

A gesture can be interpreted as a symbol
question

Culture
answer

A learned system of knowledge, behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values, rules, and norms that is shared by a group of people and shared from one generation to the next is called a
question

Sexist language
answer

Using the term “chairman” for both men and women who serve as the presiding officer at a meeting would be an example of
question

Heterosexist bias
answer

Using the terms “husband and wife” rather than “partner” demonstrates
question

All of the above
answer

Bias in language can be directed against
question

Allness
answer

When words reflect unqualified often untrue generalization that deny individual differences among people, they become the language barrier of
question

The linguists received their training at Oxford
answer

Select the phrase that uses the least biased language
question

Neologism
answer

A new word introduced into a language is called a
question

Education
answer

Which of the following is the most abstract?
question

Sailing
answer

Which of the following words is the most concrete
question

Grammar
answer

The rules and standards that structure language are called
question

Denotative; Connotative
answer

______ meaning conveys the content of what a word means, and the ______ meaning contains the feelings behind words
question

Thought is rooted in and controlled by language
answer

The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis suggests which of the following?
question

Meaning
answer

Is a person’s interpretation of a symbol
question

Symbol
answer

A word, sound, gesture, or visual signal that represents a thought, concept, or object is a
question

Exclusive language
answer

Language that assumes that a given subgroup in a population is invisible or nonexistent
question

Heterosexist Language
answer

Language that reveals an assumption that the world is heterosexual
question

Denotative meaning
answer

A restrictive or literal meaning of a word
question

Connotative meaning
answer

A personal and subjective meaning of a word
question

Homophobic language
answer

Language that overtly denigrates persons of non-heterosexual orientations
question

Abstract meaning
answer

Related to an inability to experience a referent with one of the senses
question

Bypassing
answer

The same words mean different things to different people
question

Concrete meaning
answer

Related to being able to experience a referent with one of the senses
question

The process of discovering all the available means of persuasion
answer

Aristotle’s definition of rhetoric includes
question

Oprah Winfrey delivers a graduation speech
answer

Which of the following is an example of presentational communication?
question

Asking the teller at the bank to cash a check
answer

Which of the following could best be described as an example of impersonal communication?
question

Interpersonal communication involves mutual influence
answer

Which of the following is an attribute of interpersonal communication?
question

Symbols and rules
answer

Language consists of
question

Smiling at a friend
answer

Which of the following is an example of nonverbal communication
question

Effective listeners are other-oriented
answer

Which of the following statements is accurate concerning listening?
question

Mentally reviewing what you have to do that day
answer

Which of the following is an example of interpersonal communication?
question

Both A and C
answer

All communication involves rules that define appropriate behavior what factors influence these rules?
question

Relationship dimension
answer

The aspect of communication focuses on how something is communicated, and refers to emotions, attitudes, and power, is describing the
question

Content
answer

The aspect of communication that focuses on what is said, including new information, ideas, and suggested actions
question

Inescapable
answer

The fact that we communicate with others nonverbally even when we may not intend to do so demonstrates that communication is
question

Communication as interaction
answer

The terms feedback and context are introduced in which of the communication models?
question

Communication takes place when messages are sent and received
answer

The model of communication referred to as “human communication as action” may be summarized with the phrase:
question

All of these can be include in interpreting experiences
answer

When we interpret, which of the following may be involved?
question

Interpretation
answer

What is another word for decoding?
question

All of the above are reasons to study communication
answer

The study of communication is important because of which of the following?
question

The message should achieve its intended effect
answer

Dr. Johnson posted an announcement in her course web page saying she would administer an exam on Thursday. The day of the exam she found most students had not taken exam or were ill prepared. What aspect of communication competence does this misunderstanding illustrate?
question

Making sense out of the world
answer

In your book, the primary distinction between the definition of communication and human communication involves
question

Communication
answer

The process of acting upon information is the definition of
question

Causal
answer

In your speech to a group of high school students, you explain how you have seen people do stupid things at parties as a result of drinking. What form of reasoning have you used?
question

ELM
answer

A new framework for understanding persuasion is called the ______ and focuses on how audience members interpret persuasive messages.
question

Coercion
answer

Using force to achieve your goal is called
question

Pathos
answer

Using emotion may be referred to as
question

Acknowledge opposing points of view
answer

Which of the following is a recommended strategy for an unreceptive audience?
question

A syllogism
answer

“All ministers are honest people; Rev. Thompson is a minister; therefore, Rev. Thompson is an honest man” is an example of
question

Motivated sequence
answer

Visualization is a step that is included in the _______ organizational pattern
question

Derived
answer

The perception the audience forms of you as you present your speech is _______ credibility
question

Derived credibility
answer

Adapting your message to your audience, establishing common ground, and using good evidence are all ways of developing
question

Problem and solution
answer

The motivated sequence is a modified version of what organizational pattern?
question

Dynamism
answer

Charisma is a form of
question

Competence, trust, and dynamism
answer

Credibility is the audience’s perception of a speaker’s
question

Policy
answer

The statement “The administration should create a mechanism that would prevent absences from school-sponsored activities from hurting students’ grades” is a proposition of
question

Central Idea
answer

A proposition is basically a
question

belief
answer

“At the end of my speech, the audience will acknowledge that volcanoes contribute more to global warming than motor vehicles” is an example of a speech that targets a
question

Attitude
answer

“At the end of my speech, the audience will prefer drinking water to drinking soda” is an example of a speech that targets an
question

Basic needs must be satisfied before higher-level ones are considered
answer

One of you classmates argues in his persuasive speech, “What starving people need first is food and clean water – not counseling about the sad state of their governments, not advice about ways to attract new industry, and not pity over the loss of their self-esteem.” What principle of persuasive speaking is this class member effectively using?
question

Cognitive dissonance
answer

Creating a sense of discomfort by pointing out inconsistencies, then offering a way to reduce that discomfort, is a persuasive strategy called
question

Attempts to change or reinforce the attitudes, beliefs, values, or behavior of others
answer

The primary difference between a persuasive speech and an informative speech is that a persuasive speech
question

Persuading
answer

The process of changing or reinforcing attitudes, beliefs, values, or behavior is the process of
question

Use humor to make a point
answer

Mark heard a great joke about a computer network administrator. He decided to use it in his speech about financial aid. He noticed people confused. What tip for using humor did Mark fail to follow?
question

Indicate how the topic relates to the audience
answer

David is informing the audience about an impending tuition hike. In the introduction, he tells the audience, “This affects all of us in this room; affects our attitudes about school, our pocketbooks, and stress levels”. This statement was designed to
question

Reinforcing key ideas verbally
answer

Enrique said, “Listen carefully, this is the most convincing reason why life is likely to exist on other planets”. He is using which of the following techniques to make his presentation memorable?
question

Information for the sake of knowing
answer

Which of the following is not the kind of information adults prefer?
question

Gesturing to emphasize key phrases
answer

You can reinforce key ideas nonverbally by
question

Relate their life experiences to what they will be learning
answer

When a presentation is being given to adults, it is important to
question

Using adult learning principles
answer

Adapting your presentation to your audience’s “mental-in-baskets” related to which of the following
question

It gives the audience a chance to catch a point again if they happen to miss it.
answer

What does your book suggest about building in redundancy in presentations?
question

Building redundancy into the speech
answer

“Tell them what you are going to tell them, and tell them what you told them” is one way to describe the informative technique of
question

Cartoons and quotations are good ways to introduce humor into your speech
answer

What does your book say about the use of humor in a speech
question

Using words that appeal to the senses of sight, smell, taste, tough, or sound
answer

A word picture helps make your message more vivid and interesting by
question

Word picture
answer

“Walking through Baton Rouge in August is like having a steamy washcloth draped over your face”. This statement is an example of a
question

Even though an interpreter is needed, you should not assume that no one in the audience will speak your language
answer

Which of the following is recommended by your book when using an interpreter?
question

Word pictures
answer

Descriptions that appeal to your senses are
question

Build in redundancy
answer

Each of the following is recommended as a method to make your presentation interesting EXCEPT
question

Use analogies
answer

An effective method for helping your audience relate new information to old is to
question

Use attention-catching supporting material
answer

One of the methods used to make your presentation interesting is to
question

Tell, example, apply, coach, help
answer

When teaching a process, it is helpful to follow the acronym T-E-A-C-H, which stands for the following
question

Procedure
answer

A speech that describes how something works, or a process of how a particular outcome is produced, is a speech about a
question

How to perform a search on the internet
answer

A presentation about _____ would be a speech about a procedure
question

Vary your rate to add interest and emphasize key ideas
answer

What does your book recommend regarding vocal rate?
question

Both B and D are appropriate recommendations
answer

In using a stationary microphone your book recommends that you
question

Dialect
answer

A speech style common to an ethnic group or a geographic region is known as a
question

Inflection
answer

Changing the pitch of your voice to help communicate the meaning of your words is called
question

Avoid sitting during a presentation
answer

Which of the following is a recommendation for your posture when giving a presentation
question

No movement is better than random, distracting movement
answer

What criteria does your book offer for using movement during your presentation?
question

Establish eye contact before you say anything
answer

Which of the following is a recommendation for eye contact?
question

Use as many gestures as possible so long as they are natural and not forced
answer

Which of the following is not a recommendation on the use of gestures?
question

Cadence
answer

Parallelism, antithesis, and repetition can all be used to create _____ in a presentation
question

Antithesis
answer

“Ice cream is a sweet indulgence, but it has bitter consequences”, is an example of ______
question

Alliteration
answer

The statement, “Now is the time for determination, decisiveness, and dedication” employs what linguistic device?
question

Simile
answer

Rev. Jesse Jackson says, “We must relate instead of debate; we must inspire instead of retire; we must repair instead of despair”. Rev. Jackson is using all of the following stylistic devices EXCEPT
question

Repetition
answer

A commercial for an international airline uses upbeat music and vivid images of exotic animals and beautiful scenery. It also includes the following statements, “This home, this land, this Africa”. Which element of dramatic language is effectively employed?
question

Achieve a sense of drama in a speech
answer

The stylistic devices of omission, inversion, and suspension are methods used to
question

Metaphor
answer

What figure of speech is reflected in the statement, “Family loyalty is the very life blood, the very backbone of our society”?
question

Simple words can communicate accuracy and power
answer

Which of the following is true of effective verbal delivery
question

Cadence
answer

The rhythm of language is called
question

Extemporaneous speaking
answer

According to your book, the delivery style that is appropriate to most circumstances is
question

Use manuscript speaking when you have to speak on a sensitive, critical, or controversial issue
answer

Which of the following suggestions are made for using manuscript speeches?
question

Manuscript speaking
answer

Which method of delivery is a speaker using when he or she writes out their speech word for word and delivers it from that text?

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member