Speech- Chapter 15+16: Epideictic Speeches

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– Needs to inform audience about a specific event (graduation for ex.) – Should provide audience with information for criteria that created the event
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two similarities between epideictic and informational speeches
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– Establish connection between speaker and audience – More formal and filled with pathos vs than informational speak
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Two differences between epideictic and informational speeches
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– Does not call the audience to action – Epideictic: emotion not logic
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Two differences between epideictic and persuasive speeches
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Convince audience of the importance of the event
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two similarities between epideictic and persuasive speeches
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Eulogy, Awards ceremony, Toast+Testimonials
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three types of epideictic speeches
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(sometimes impromptu, but usually prepared) Given at a funeral (commemorate, honor) person who has died Provide comfort to mourners by telling stories (hard if you don’t personally know the person/like the person) Inject humor in funeral if appropriate
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eulogy speech description
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Sports, grammys Two types of speaker: presenter and recipient Prepared speech Describe award, criteria, withhold the name of recipient till the end Recipient: prepared if know if he will receive award, impromptu, and extemporaneous (prepared but don’t have exact speech written out, have ideas) Receive an award: thank presenter by name and thank organization, humble, grateful, thank those who have help with achievement, explain what award means to you
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Awards ceremony (acceptance) speech description
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Weddings, dedication speeches (gettysburg address, building project), no more than 2-3 mins in length, Planned, given extemporaneously Explain connection between connnection Light and humorous in tone, informal and heartfelt language
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Toast speech description
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Testimonials
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person still alive but like eulogy farewell of someone
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1. Commemorate object, idea 2. There to have spotlight on something else 3. Connect audience to object you are speaking about 4. Construct short narrative 5. Convey importance of occasion 6. Use language appropriately 7. Be short and brief
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Epideictic speeches are always SHORT here are seven other strategies
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“Shared Social Value” Aristotle said purpose= praise/blame (honor, remember, commemorate)
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Specific purpose of epideictic speeches
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are center to reinforce “why” or “who” of event
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Attention Getters
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an expression of the connection between the event and the social value it represents.
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reinforcement statements
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may vary, always have two elements; Emotional dimension+value of share social
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Main ideas
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Lack preview statement, but restrained if they do Need a clear transition to body Short intro: still important
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rest of Intro
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Series of stories to join topic Chronologically, topically
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Body:
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Clear transition to conclusion Not a definitive summary of body Clincher may point to values shared and not actual topic
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Conclusion:
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No need to be sad Speaker determines the desired emotion Values of the deceased should be shared Not note person’s life in chronological order Stories should relate
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Eulogy:
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Usually brief Topical design is best for wedding toast Person should speak of shared values End on: unified tone Similarities with eulogy: Emotional and address shared values
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Wedding Toasts:
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Short speeches Speak of shared values Value of award is noteworthy Body is organized topically Chronology of stories is fine Speaker may pick certain topical aspects of life of the honoree Maybe Multiple of single awards
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Award ceremonies:
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Epideictic speech are common and play important role in social function
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Finally..

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