Speech 15 + 16

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Mediated Communication
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Messages transmitted through either a mechanical or an electric medium
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Prerecorded (asynchronous) Presentation
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A presentation recorded by the speaker for later viewing by one or more audiences
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Real-Time (synchronous) Presentation
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A presentation delivered directly to the audience as the speaker presents the message from a remote location
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Naturalness
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Extent to which a communication medium matches the features of face-to-face interaction
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Multitasking
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Distraction in which the audience is engaged in several different activities at once, often including the use of technological devices. This is more likely to occur during a presentation in which the speaker is in a remote location
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Takeaway
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A memorable phrase or sentence that captures the essence of a speech and can be repeated at key points in the speech
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Define mediated public speaking, and provide three examples of situations in which a mediated might be used.
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Mediated public speaking: Messages transmitted through either a mechanical or an electronic medium. 1. Recording a presentation for a class and uploading it on the course Web Site 2. Participating in a job or scholarship interview on Skype 3. Creating a video for a favorite charity and posting it on YouTube 4. Podcasting a program you produced for your campus radio station 5. Deliver a slaes presentation by videoconference to clients in several different states
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Name and define the two major categories of mediated presentations.
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Prerecorded (asynchronous) Presentation: A presentation recorded by the speaker for later viewing by one or more audiences Real-Time (synchronous) Presentation: A presentation delivered directly to the audience as the speaker presents the message from a remote location
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Identify three advantages of mediated presentations.
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1. Flexibility 2. Savings 3. Audience Size
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Define naturalness, and explain the challenges speakers face when not presenting in a face-to-face situation.
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Naturalness: Extent to which a communication medium matches the features of face-to-face interaction 1. Loss of Immediacy (i.e. loss of connection) 2. Decreased Nonverbal Communication 3. Diminished Feedback 4. Difficulty Managing Distractions 5. Technological Difficulties
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Identify three things to keep in mind for effective delivery of mediated presentations.
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1. Voice 2. Eye Contact 3. Movement and Gestures 4. Message Adaptions 5. Building Common Ground 6. Keeping Audience Members Engaged
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Name four ways of keeping your audience engaged during a mediated presentation.
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1. Ask rhetorical questions 2. Increase the variety of supporting materials 3. Keep it simple and relevant 4. Highlight takeaways
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Name three tips for practicing the delivery and recording of a prerecorded speech.
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1. Are your rate and volume appropriate? 2. Do you appear to be looking at the audience? 3. Are all of your movements and gestures within view? 4. Can your presentation aids be clearly seen? Does the audience have sufficient time to process the content of each one? 5. Does the setting of your speech look professional? 6. Do the lighting and background work to make a clear picture of you?
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Explain how the background for a prerecorded speech should look.
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Should look professional. Like using a library and not a messy room.
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Explain the advantages of group chat/video or screen share in a real-time mediated presentation.
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Can allow audience members to view your presentation aids during the speech. Can also add more people from a contact list.
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Definition
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Technique used in informative speeches that explains the essence, meaning, purpose, or identity of something
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Explanation
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Technique used in informative speeches that provides an analysis of something for the purposes of clarity and specificity by tracing a line of reasoning or a series of casual connections between events
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Description
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Technique of informative speeches that uses words to paint a mental picture for audience members so that they can close their eyes and imagine what the speaker is saying
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Demonstration
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Technique used in informative speeches involving both physical modeling and verbal elements, with the goal of teaching an audience how a process or set of guidelines works
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Narrative
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Story a speaker tells to share informative and capture an audience’s attention. As used in informative speeches, the story can be a personal remembrance, a humorous anecdote, or a serious account of an event that happened in someone else’s life
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Demographics
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Audience members’ characteristics, including but not limited to age, gender composition, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, religious orientation, socioeconomic background, and political affiliation
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Jargon
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Specialized or technical words or phrases familiar only to people in a specific field or group
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Name and explain five techniques for informing.
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1. Definition: Explain the meaning and purpose of something 2. Explanation: Analyses of something for clarity purposes 3. Description: Use words to paint a mental picture 4. Demonstration: Teach the audience how a process or set of guidelines works 5. Narrative: A story
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What five types of topics for informative speeches are offered in the chapter?
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1. Objects 2. Individuals or Groups 3. Events 4. Processes 5. Ideas (theory, principle, belief)
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What basic steps must be considered as you develop your informative speech?
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1. Analyzing your audience 2. Selecting a technique 3. Focusing on you goal to inform
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Offer six basic techniques you can use to clarify and simplify your informative message.
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1. Move from general to specific 2. Reduce the quantity of information you present 3. Make complex information seem familiar 4. Use presentation aids 5. Reiterate your message 6. Repeat your message

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