Speech 1315 Exam 2 chapters 10,11,13,14,15,16,17,18,19

question

Which of the following organizational pattern is a TV news reporter most likely to use in a report of an event?
answer

chronological
question

Telling what happened before, during, and after an event is an example of the chronological pattern?
answer

True
question

For a speech explaining how to bake bread, which organizational pattern would be used?
answer

chronological
question

In a speech on redwood trees, a speaker begins by discussing the roots, proceeds to the trunk, then the branches, and finally the leaves. Which organizational pattern is being used?
answer

spatial
question

A speaker says, “Now we come to the most important thing I have to tell you.” Which device is the speaker using?spotlight
answer

spotlight
question

For a speech on the history of a Native American family in Arizona, which organizational pattern would you be most likely to choose?
answer

chronological
question

Your main points should be created before you formulate your central idea?
answer

False
question

A speaker discusses three types of work dogs. Which pattern is the speaker using?
answer

topical
question

A speaker says, “What I am going to explain now will help you understand the rest of the speech.” Which device is the speaker using?
answer

spotlight
question

A speaker discusses why some people abuse animals, and then describes the effects of abuse on the animals. Which pattern is the speaker using?
answer

cause-effect
question

You can signal the end of a speech with
answer

both verbal and nonverbal signals
question

In the conclusion, the speaker should never repeat ideas or information contained in the introduction ?
answer

‘False’.
question

For the first few sentences in a speech, which one of the following options would be a mistake?
answer

an announcement of the topic
question

All members of an audience listen attentively for the first 30 seconds of a speech?
answer

‘False’.
question

The part of the introduction that is designed to get your audience’s attention and interest is called the orienting material?
answer

False’.
question

Telling a story, asking a question, and using a visual aid are examples of?
answer

attention material
question

“Today I’d like to tell you how to grow vegetables.” This sentence is most appropriate for?
answer

orienting material
question

The introduction should be prepared before the body of a speech is developed?
answer

False’.
question

The best place to reassure your listeners that you are well-prepared and that you are not going to waste their time is in
answer

the orienting material
question

Issuing an appeal or a challenge at the end of a speech is an example of
answer

clincher
question

The best way to convey complex ideas is to use complex language ?
answer

‘False
question

“Just between you and I” is grammatically correct.
answer

‘False’.
question

If the person who sends your car through a car wash is called “a corrosion control specialist,” what type of language is being used?
answer

doublespeak
question

“The sad sister sat on a silver seat” is an example of
answer

alliteration
question

“We want justice for ourselves, for our friends, and for our children.” This is an example of
answer

parallel structure
question

The text says that grammatical errors in a speech distract the audience and can cause the speaker to lose?
answer

credibility with the audience
question

“This is a government by the people, of the people, and for the people.” This is an example of?
answer

parallel structure
question

“Passed away” instead of “died” is an example of a euphemism ?
answer

True
question

Words like new, improved, and easy in advertising can cause an increase in sales of a product?
answer

‘True’.
question

Oral language requires more amplification and elaboration than written language.
answer

‘True’.
question

It is a good idea to speak fast at the beginning of your speech so that the audience doesn’t get bored.
answer

‘False’
question

“Cannahepya?” for “Can I help you?” is an example of poor
answer

articulation
question

If you fear that you will cry while telling a painful personal story in a speech, you should
answer

tell the story after alerting the audience that you might cry
question

When you speak into a microphone, you should raise your voice slightly.
answer

‘False’.
question

If you are not feeling enthusiastic about giving a speech, you should pretend to be enthusiastic.
answer

True’.
question

Which one of the following statements about pauses is false?
answer

Pauses should last a minimum of ten seconds.
question

Which method of delivery involves speaking on the spur of the moment with no chance to prepare?
answer

impromptu
question

“Uh” and “um” are examples of what the text calls
answer

verbal fillers
question

The text recommends that you look at the audience what percentage of the time?
answer

95%
question

In a manuscript speech, the text recommends inserting slanting lines to indicate
answer

a pause
question

“To inform my audience about living conditions in an institution for autistic children” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
answer

description
question

Nina Totenberg, a nationally known TV and radio reporter, says the most important element in an effective speech is _____________________ information.
answer

interesting
question

“A tornado’s funnel is like the vortex you see when you let water go down a drain.” This is an example of which principle?
answer

Use the familiar to explain the unfamiliar.
question

“To inform my audience of the reasons for the near extinction of mountain gorillas” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
answer

explanation
question

An ancient Chinese proverb says, “I hear, and I forget. I see, and I remember. I do, and I ____________________.”
answer

understand
question

Explaining Adolf Hitler’s identity to a college audience
answer

can be carried out indirectly, without insulting anyone’s intelligence
question

“To tell my audience about the life of Florence Nightingale” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
answer

description
question

“To explain to my listeners the meaning of feminism in modern America” is a specific purpose statement for which type of speech?
answer

definition
question

One of the goals of informative speaking is to convey fresh information.
answer

‘True’
question

Which one of these channels for learning information is the strongest?
answer

physical activity
question

In a speech of refutation, deeply held beliefs are easier to demolish than a set of erroneous facts.
answer

‘False
question

A DVD about your speech topic, given to listeners at the end of your speech, is an example of what the book calls
answer

a leave-behind
question

“To convince listeners to reject the idea that tornadoes are incapable of striking large cities.” This is an example of a specific purpose statement for
answer

a speech of refutation
question

The speech to motivate action can try to stimulate either positive or negative action.
answer

True
question

To encourage listeners to call the Red Cross to volunteer for blood donation, you should try to get them to use their cell phones
answer

at the end of the speech
question

According to the text, whether you succeed in persuasion often comes down to one key question
answer

: Are you trustworthy?
question

Convincing your audience that democracy is expanding in China is an example of a
answer

speech to influence thinking
question

It is __________________ for a persuasive speech to include sections that seem identical to sections of an informative speech.
answer

acceptable
question

Persuasion in one’s career often requires weeks, months, or even years.
answer

True’.
question

The final step in the motivated sequence is
answer

action
question

Most people are more deeply influenced by one clear, vivid personal example than by an abundance of statistical data.
answer

True
question

Explaining your expertise on your subject matter is a good way to build credibility with an audience.
answer

‘True’
question

A speaker wants to persuade an audience to stop engaging in unhealthy behavior. Which level of fear is most effective in accomplishing this objective?
answer

a high level of fear
question

Which type of logical fallacy asserts an argument that is based on popularity rather than on evidence and reasoning?
answer

bandwagon
question

A speaker says, “Because the Japanese make the best stereo sound systems in the world, you should consider buying a Japanese-made sound system.” This speaker is guilty of using which kind of fallacy in reasoning?
answer

building on an unproven assumption
question

Most people are more deeply influenced by one clear, vivid personal example than by an abundance of statistical data.
answer

True
question

A speaker says, “We must adopt a vegetarian diet, or we will all die of cancer.” This speaker is guilty of using which fallacy in reasoning?
answer

either-or reasoning
question

In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, physiological needs must be met before a person can try to satisfy esteem needs.
answer

‘True’.
question

In persuasive speaking, it is unethical for the speaker to stir up both positive and negative emotions.
answer

‘False’.
question

In a persuasive speech, conceding that your ideas do not work in all cases
answer

strengthens your credibility
question

To introduce a speech filled with humor, what kind of speech of introduction would be appropriate?
answer

a humorous speech of introduction to set a light tone
question

A speech of tribute is defined as a speech that praises
answer

either a dead or living person
question

The safest kind of joke is
answer

self-deprecating
question

A coach giving a pep talk to her team is delivering which type of speech?
answer

inspirational
question

A speaker says, “It is easy to quit smoking. I have done so a thousand times.” This is an example of what the text calls __________ humor.
answer

low-key
question

An important dimension of inspirational speaking is
answer

delivery
question

A speech of tribute should
answer

focus on the significance of a person’s life and deeds
question

According to the text, a rule of thumb is that a speech of introduction should be
answer

under three minutes
question

A speech of introduction should be kept under _______ minutes.
answer

3
question

Which one of the following is inappropriate for a best man’s speech at a wedding celebration?
answer

telling a joke about the groom’s ex-girlfriend
question

For panel moderators, open-ended questions are the best way to stimulate discussion
answer

‘True’
question

What is the first step in the reflective-thinking method?
answer

Define the problem.
question

Ideally, participants in a meeting should receive the agenda
answer

well before the meeting
question

Jack Smith works hard on a committee preparing a plan for action. At the sixth meeting, he finds out that the committee can only advise; it does not have the power to take action. Jack is distraught because he feels that much of his work has been in vain. Whose fault is it that Jack has labored under a misconception
answer

the group leader, for not making clear the scope of the group’s power
question

Meetings should not begin until all participants have arrived.
answer

‘False’.
question

A series of brief speeches on a common topic is known as
answer

a symposium
question

The secret of a successful team, says Dean Kamen, “is not to assemble the largest team possible, but rather to assemble a team that can ___________.”
answer

work well together
question

A written record of the group’s activities during a meeting is called the
answer

minutes
question

In a meeting, the leader should periodically summarize the group’s work.
answer

‘True’.
question

Meetings should always begin
answer

at the designated time

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member