Speech 106 Final

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Todd notices that several audience members rolled their eyes during a portion of his speech. He adapts by saying, “Now, you may think that what I’ve just said is ridiculous. I’d like you to hear me out as I next explain why I think this is a practical plan,” and he continues with his speech. Todd’s statement is an example of _______.
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being responsive
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A speech attempting to persuade you to buy a Ford rather than a Hyundai because parts are more readily available and service is cheaper uses a pattern of organization called _______.
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comparative advantages
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Which of the following statements about creativity is most true?
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It is important to consider information from a variety of different perspectives.
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Speaking with no changes in pitch or rate is described as speaking _______.
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in a monotone
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_______ orientation, viewing speaking as an opportunity to engage in a conversation about something you care about, is an effective way to view public speaking.
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Communication
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Common articulation problems include _______.
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slurring sounds, and adding a sound where there is none
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An informative speech about the life and music of Dizzy Gillespie is an expository speech that explains _______.
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a creative work
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An informative speech about the effects of the women’s movement on how women are portrayed in popular movies is an expository speech that explains _______.
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political, economic, social, or religious influences
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If you support the point that Colorado ski resort towns have been seeing an increase in wildlife habitat loss with the argument that “There have been increased reporting of bear and deer in the downtown area,” you would be _______.
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arguing by sign
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An informative speech about the discovery of gravity and the historical reaction to this event is an expository speech that explains _______.
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historical events and forces
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In a speech arguing that college tuition is far too expensive, you explain that there are high quality colleges in Canada that charge half the cost. This is an example of which kind of argument?
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argument by analogy
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A speech attempting to persuade you to support a gun control bill because guns are used in a high percentage of crimes, because gun control will lower the use of guns, and because this bill on gun control is better than previous bills, is organized by what pattern?
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problem-solution
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Critical analysis of speeches provides an analysis of where the speech was strong or weak, but also _______.
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provides insight into methods for future speeches
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If, based on a discussion with two classmates, you stated to the instructor that “Many of the students in this class would like to have a take-home final,” you would be committing a fallacy of _______.
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hasty generalization
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An organizational pattern that is especially useful when the issue is not that a problem needs to be solved but whether the solution is a good one is called _______.
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comparative advantages
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Dorri presents two solutions to a problem as if they are the only two options when there are really many choices. Dorri is engaging in the _______ fallacy.
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either-or
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The derivation or history of a particular word is called its
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etymology
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If the primary goal of a speech is to get the audience to behave a certain way, the speech can be considered to be organized by what pattern?
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motivated sequence
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The sentence “A trowel is an instrument used for moving and smoothing concrete” defines trowel by
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function
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In your informative speech on the development of the human child, you explain that by age three most other mammals are already independent and almost fully adults. Human babies, on the other hand, are still very much dependent on their mothers. This explanation is an example of a _______.
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comparison and contrast
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If you have prepared a speech but do not plan to use the same exact wording during the presentation, you will be speaking _______.
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extemporaneously
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In a process speech you should _______.
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include precise, step-by-step instructions
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Visualization involves picturing _______.
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yourself giving a great speech
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The elaboration likelihood model (ELM) suggests that _______.
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when we go with our gut feeling, we are using the peripheral route
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If you noticed that your grades started going up after you started a protein shake regimen, and you suggested to a friend that you think protein shakes have made you smarter, you might be committing a fallacy of _______.
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false cause
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When using speaking notes, which of these should you do?
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Use the fewest words possible to guide you
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Articulation refers to _______.
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pronunciation
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“One of the ways of responding is with aversion—a feeling of dislike, a sort of running away from a person and avoiding him” is an example of a _______.
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definiton
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Spontaneity in speaking means _______.
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presenting ideas in a natural unrehearsed manner
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Motivation may be defined as forces acting to _______.
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direct behavior
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Pria says to Ling, “Matthew’s speech was fun, really relevant to current events, and I can clearly remember his main points, but I didn’t really learn anything new.” Based on Pria’s statement, what aspect of an effective informative speech did Matthew fail to fulfill?
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It was not intellectually stimulating.
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_______ is a researched informative speech that gives in-depth information.
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An expository speech
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If you support the proposition that “recycling rates have gone down on campus” by saying, “Students have been using recycling bins as trash containers,” you would be _______.
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arguing from causation
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In what phase of public speaking do you tend to experience a surge in anxiety?
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confrontation phase
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Statement V (You find yourself really caring about what happens to the people involved in various incidents in the show.) is _______.
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evidence or support for a reason
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A speech that gives information about how to make gumbo may include a physical exhibition known as a _______.
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demonstration
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Which of the following statements are accurate regarding gestures in public speaking?
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Gestures can help clarify structure in a speech.
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During your speech practices, you should work to create a sense of spontaneity and _______.
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enthusiasm
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Which of the following statements is accurate regarding negative emotions?
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People generally attempt to eliminate them as soon as possible.
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If in your informative speech on the Hope diamond you explained the size, shape, weight, and color of the diamond, you would be using an example of a _______.
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description
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When you are selecting evidence to support your speech claims, you should make sure that _______.
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all of the above (evidence comes from a well-respected source, evidence is recent, evidence will be persuasive with this audience)
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_______ is Aristotle’s term for what we call emotional appeals.
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Pathos
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Having eye contact means _______.
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looking at individuals or small groups throughout the speech
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Memory aids, such as acronyms, are often referred to as _______.
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mnemonics
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When you practice a speech, _______.
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you should rehearse out loud to clarify thought
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Varying your pitch means _______.
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talking higher at times, lower at others
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Which of the following behaviors is most likely to produce a creative approach to a speech?
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giving yourself enough time to be creative
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During Ashlee’s speech, she talks with the same inflections, pauses, and other qualities she uses when talking to friends even though her speech is carefully planned and rehearsed. Ashlee’s speech has _______.
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a conversational style
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A(n) _______ speech is one that is carefully planned in advance but the exact wording is not scripted.
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extemporaneous speech
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When your audience is impartial, as opposed to apathetic or uninformed, you should _______.
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provide them with more development and involved evidence

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