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SPED TEST Ch. 5

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Which related service provider provides direct therapy services to students with speech or language impairments, while also consulting with special education and general education teachers?
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SLPs
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________ is defined as “what a speaker needs to know to communicate appropriately.”
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Communicative competence
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Which type of communication disorder did Claudius Chervin, in the mid-1800s, engage in intervention efforts?
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Fluency disorder
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Breda is three years old and is not able to pronounce the “j” sound, so she asks for “duice” instead of “juice.” Breda’s mother is concerned and wonders if she should contact an SLP for help. Breda’s mother should know that
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the “j” sound does not typically develop until four-years of age or later, so Breda’s speech is normal at this point.
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Megan says something to Leila. Communication has occurred when
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Leila understands the message as Megan intended it to be understood.
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AJ’s teacher notices that he has difficulty following multistep directions and understanding class lectures. AJ may be having trouble with
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receptive language.
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The ________ contributes to the communication process by providing the air and pressure necessary to produce speech sounds.
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respiratory system
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Young children who are identified as having language impairments may often be re-labeled as having ________ in their older years.
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learning disabilities
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Abnormal production of speech sounds is referred to as a/an ________ problem.
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articulation
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When children with language delays are first identified, the speech and language impairments category is ________ times larger than the learning disabilities category.
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50
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A ________ disorder is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbols.
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communication
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George, when told it was “raining cats and dogs,” ran to the window to look. George responded, “cats and dogs are not falling from the sky.” What type of language problem does George display?
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Semantics
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Victor was born with an opening in the roof of his mouth that causes too much air to pass through his naval cavity. This results in a speech impairment. Which condition does Victor have?
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cleft palate
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To enhance a student’s expressive language development, a second grade teacher might
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ask for clarification when a student uses nonspecific vocabulary.
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The intent and meaning of spoken or written statements defines
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content.
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What percentage of students with speech and language impairments are educated in the general education classroom?
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More than 85%
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A child who says “pay the piano” instead of “play the piano” is demonstrating an example of what articulation error?
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omission
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Jessica has a cleft palate. As a result, she is being fitted for a device that will create a closure between her oral and nasal cavities where the soft palate is missing or damaged. Jessica is being fitted for a/an
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obturator.
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Sarena has difficulty in remembering or recalling information. This is a critical challenge for her in her ninth-grade science class where she must remember scientific terms for her tests. The speech and language therapist recommends to the teacher that Sarena may benefit from which of the following techniques to build memory skills?
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mnemonics
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Which body system involves the soft and hard palate, teeth, jaw, lips, and tongue?
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Speech mechanism
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Students who have a/an ________ problem may know the answer to a teacher’s question but have difficulty formulating that knowledge into a spoken sentence.
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expressive language
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A child who says “the ball is WED” instead of RED is an example of what articulation error?
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Substitution
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In which of the following communication situations, is speech the root of the breakdown in communication?
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The sender incorrectly produces speech sounds and the receiver cannot understand the words.
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Illich has difficulty with expressive language, vocabulary, and organizing his thoughts. He is in a ninth-grade public speaking course where he will deliver a presentation, on an assigned topic, to the students in the course. His teacher wants to find an app that will be helpful to Illich. Which of the following is an example of an app for students like Illich with language impairments?
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Inspiration
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What component of form includes the ability to detect sound segments, match beginning sounds to their respective words and phrases, identify sound segments in words and phrases, and recognize and make rhymes?
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Phonology
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What is the most common type of speech impairment?
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Articulation problems
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Kalaysha is reading a passage using the strategies she learned with Collaborative Strategic Reading. She has just encountered a “clunk.” What has just happened?
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She has come across a word that she does not know.
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The ________ contributes to the communication process as the air expelled from the lungs causes the vocal cords to produce sounds, and also controls changes in pitch.
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vibrating system
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There is a strong correlation between communicative competence and
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social competence.
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Gynesia, is a student with a language impairment. When she wants to use a classmate’s pencil, Gynesia jumps out of her seat, goes to that student’s desk, and snatches the pencil from the person’s hand. She does this consistently, causes disruptions to the classmate, and disrupts the rest of the class. What type of communication disorder does Gynesia have?
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Pragmatics
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Ella runs to her mother and says, “Mommy, I MISSDED you” rather than “MISSED” is displaying what type of articulation error?
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addition
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The application of language in various communications in the social context of the situation describes
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use.
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Dana has a very sophisticated communication board which she uses to communicate. Dana is using an augmentative and alternative communication device which is for children who cannot communicate through ________.
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speech
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When Harper talks, people have to lean in closely to hear her because her voice is so soft. Harper has a problem with
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loudness
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Ping has trouble with the “l” sound, which does not exist in her native language. Which function of form does this represent?
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phonology
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Marcus, a one-year-old, receives speech and language services. In what type of setting does the speech and language pathologist provide services to Marcus?
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Home-based
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The rule-based system of communication is known as
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language.
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What is the abbreviation of the prominent professional organization of specialists in speech or language impairments?
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ASHA
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The vocal production of language refers to
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speech.
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Huaquing’s speech is unrecognizable. She communicates with others using an electronic device into which she types or programs information. This information is then “read” back to listeners by the device. Huaquing is using a/an
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speech synthesizer.
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Susan has impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written and/or other symbol systems. She is unable to process a series of oral directions. She has a ________ disorder.
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language
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Children with ________ voice problems display too much or too little nasality.
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resonance
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What is the prevalence of students with speech and language impairments for students between the ages of 6 and 21 years?
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the second largest category of students with disabilities
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Mr. Thread uses Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) to build the reading and comprehension skills of his group of fourth-graders. He follows each of the steps in the strategy. He has students identify the main idea of their passage and requires them to restate the passage in 10 words or less. Which step of CSR does this represent?
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Get the gist
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An illegal hit with an elbow in football causes damage to Peyton’s tongue, lips, and teeth. Peyton has damaged components of his
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speech mechanisms
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The rate and flow pattern of a person’s speech describes
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Fluency
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Which of the following is an example of phonology?
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“clicking” sounds found in Swahili and Native American languages
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Ping has trouble with the “l” sound, which does not exist in her native language. Which function of form does this represent?
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phonology
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Which single speech sound does a child learn to produce when he or she is around eight years of age?
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Z
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Charity has a language impairment that is displayed in her difficulty conveying information. The speech and language professional recommends a presentation accommodation for Charity. Which of the following suggestions would the teacher follow in implementing a presentation accommodation?
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visual cues
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The perceived high or low quality of voice is a description of
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pitch
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Which step in CSR involve students in rereading the sentence with the difficult vocabulary, as well as the preceding and following sentences, to search for clues that help the vocabulary make sense?
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Click and clunk
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Saul has unintelligible speech that interferes with communication. Saul has a
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Speech Impairment
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________ involves speech that is rapid, contains lots of pauses, starts, and stops; is disorganized; drops sound or endings of words, and is often unintelligible.
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Cluttering
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Alis’ academic performance is significantly behind that of her classmates. She has been referred for the special education process. What is the role of parents in this step of the process?
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Parents give written consent at this step
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Mrs. Tempo allows Eric, a student with ADHD, to have extra time to complete his tests. She provides Susan, a student with low vision, a larger print test. Mrs. Tempo is making ________ for these students
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Accommodations
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All of the following are important points to know about related services EXCEPT
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Related services include medical services provided by a physician
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The first services in the public schools for students with speech or language impairments were for youngsters who
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stammered
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The process of exchanging knowledge, ideas, opinions, and feeling defines
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Communication
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The comprehension and use of the signs and symbols which represent ideas and the rules that govern these signs and symbols is
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language
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A child who says “the ball is “WED” instead of RED is an example of what articulation error?
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Substitution