Topic One: Why is the United States’ sex-ed not as successful as other countries?
Sex education in the United States has long been a controversial subject. According to Weisman, (2015), adolescents in the United States fair steadily worse on most sexual health guidelines than teens in other developed countries. Most of them have higher rates of abortion and pregnancy than any European country. Adolescents in the United States are involved in sexual intercourse at a younger age, use less effective or no contraception than adolescents from other countries. While most guardians and parents support sexuality education in schools, pressure from religious groups against adolescent sexuality have made the government to prohibit sex education in schools. In fact, there are no federal laws demanding that sex education be included in schools, thus this is the reason sex education can be successful.
Weisman, C. (2015). Attitudes and Outcomes of Sex Ed: The US vs. the Netherlands. Truthout. Retrieved 22 May 2016, from http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/29920-attitudes-and-outcomes-of-sex-ed-the-us-vs-the-netherlands
During this study it was noted that Adolescents in the Netherlands become sexually active around the same age as their American counterparts, 17 years old, however, American adolescents girls are more probably to have abortions, and can give birth eight times compared to Dutch equivalents.
Kontula, O. (2010). The evolution of sex education and students’ sexual knowledge in Finland in the 2000s. Sex Education, 10
(4), 373-386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2010.515095
Due to support from the Finland government, this source asserts that sex education has been successful to both boys and girls in schools. In sum, Finland represents an advanced model of comprehensive sex education in Europe.
Strasburger, V. & Brown, S. (2014). Sex Education in the 21st Century. JAMA, 312(2), 125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2014.4789
According to this source, there is an increasing demand that sex education should be taught in schools. Even though most of the communities support this legitimate demand, they lack support from government, thus hindering sex education.
Stanger-Hall, K. & Hall, D. (2011). Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We Need Comprehensive Sex Education in the U.S. Plos ONE, 6(10), e24658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024658
The United States is categorized first among industrialized nations in rates of both sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy. In an effort to reduce these rates, the U.S. government has funded abstinence-only sex education programs for more than a decade, however, there is need for comprehensive sex education.
Picavet, C. (2013). Young people and sexuality education: rethinking key debates. Sex Education, 13(2), 241-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2012.703395
Picavet (2013) argues that sexuality education in the United States is an assumption that it requires re- imagining from a conventional perspective. Re- imagining sexuality education might be motivated by increasing its ‘effectiveness’ in relation to its stated objectives.
Topic Two: How’s people attitude towards contraception use changes between sexes?
Attitude comprises what people feel, think about, and how they desire to heave toward an attitude objective. Attitudes toward contraceptives are an understudied subject, even though gender difference is believed to influence the attitudes. At the moment, the frequency of using condoms
as a major means of contraception has been associated with gender. Most men have been recently leading in using condoms, and the condoms which have been created for women require some sort of improvement. According to Thorburn(2007), women have had more positive attitudes towards contraception than men, whereas men have had fewer problems purchasing and carrying a condom.
Potsonen, R. (2009). How are attitudes towards condoms related to gender and sexual experiences among adolescents in Finland?.Health Promotion International, 14(3), 211-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/14.3.211
The objective of this study was to investigate attitudes in 15-year-old adolescents. Boys testified more commonly than girls that it was simple to use a condom and that a condom reduced sexual pleasure.
Thorburn, S. (2007). Attitudes toward contraceptive methods among African-American men and women: Similarities and differences. Women’s Health Issues, 17(1), 29-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2006.11.002
Male condoms were given the most favorable rankings along most dimensions by both African American men and women. However, African American men had less favorable ratings of contraception than did African American women.
Lance, L. M. (2004). Attitudes of college students toward contraceptives: a consideration of gender differences*.SourceVolume: 38 SourcIssue: 4. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/College-Student-Journal/126386896.html
Both males and femalesobserve themselves to be knowledgeable about contraceptives and intercourse. However, it is possible that many young people do not use the information. Many young people still have a strong belief in denial.
Nanda, G., Schuler, S., &Lenzi, R. (2013). THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER ATTITUDES ON CONTRACEPTIVE USE IN TANZANIA: NEW EVIDENCE USING HUSBANDS’ AND WIVES’ SURVEY DATA. J. Biosoc. Sci., 45(03), 331-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0021932012000855
This source explores the hypothesis that gender attitude scales are linked with contraceptive use. Generally, this study noted that most wives had less equitable gender attitudes as compared with their husbands and, for three of the four scales examined, the differences were statistically substantial.
Mishra, A., Nanda, P., Speizer, I., Calhoun, L., Zimmerman, A., & Bhardwaj, R. (2014). Men’s attitudes on gender equality and their contraceptive use in Uttar Pradesh India. Reproductive Health, 11(1), 41. https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-4755-11-41
The study establishes that contraceptive programs need to engage men and address gender equitable attitudes.