Sociology Unit 4

question

true
answer

Wealth, power, and prestige define a social class. t/f
question

cause of social inequality
answer

Conflict theorists see competition over scarce resources as
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social stratification
answer

The division of society into categories, ranks, or classes is called
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true
answer

Competition over scarce resources is seen as a cause of social inequality according to the conflict theory. t/f
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bourgeoisie
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Owners of the means of production in a capitalist society.
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false
answer

There are five basic types of stratification. t/f
question

endogamy
answer

Marriage within one’s own social category.
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social inequality
answer

The unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards is called
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true
answer

A division of society into categories, ranks, or classes is called social stratification. t/f
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false
answer

The owners of the means of production in a capitalist society are known as the proletariat. t/f
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true
answer

Marriage outside of one’s own social category is called exogamy. t/f
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class system
answer

The distribution of scarce resources and rewards is determined on the basis of achieved statuses in which system?
question

true
answer

In a class system, the distribution of scarce resources and rewards is determined on the basis of achieved status. t/f
question

caste system
answer

Scarce resources and social rewards are distributed on the basis of ascribed statuses in
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false
answer

American society is based on the caste system. t/f
question

social class
answer

a group of people with similar levels of wealth, power, and prestige.
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all social factors
answer

Socioeconomic status (SES) is a combination of
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false
answer

A division that is based on individual characteristics, abilities, and behaviors does not lead to social inequality.
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caste system
answer

In a ____, a person is assigned a status at birth and remains at that level throughout life.
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horizontal intergenerational vertical mobility.
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An open class system is based on social mobility that includes
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true
answer

Social classes in the United States are usually divided into three classes—upper class, middle class, and lower class. t/f
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reputational
answer

social class known to have small communities and based on knowledge of lifestyle
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false
answer

Social mobility is not an important feature of an open class system. t/f
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upper class
answer

____ individuals can attend prestigious schools and their families have usually been wealthy for generations.
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underclass
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social class that relies on public assistance
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upper middle class
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Individuals that are primarily high-income business people and professionals are
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under class
answer

Families that experience unemployment and poverty over several generations are considered
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false
answer

Members of the upper middle class hold white-collar jobs. t/f
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false
answer

Intergenerational mobility is the status difference between generations in different families. t/f
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false
answer

The subjective method is used to define social class by income, occupation, and education. t/f
question

false
answer

The reputational method is always the best method for determining social class. t/f
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lower middle class
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nursing and sales are professions associated with this social class
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false
answer

Racial stratification is almost extinct, thanks to reform attempts. t/f
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minority groups
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A(n) _____ can be defined as a group of people who are singled out and treated unequally because of physical characteristics or cultural practices.
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false
answer

American society is made up of people of the same cultural background. t/f
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false
answer

Very few societies base access to social rewards and resources on race or ethnicity. t/f
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false
answer

Ethnicity and race are two words that mean the same thing. t/f
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identify the problem
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What is the first step in problem solving?
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true
answer

Sociologists are concerned with the reactions of people to certain physical characteristics and how these reactions affect individuals in society. t/f
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true
answer

There are no biologically pure races. t/f
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true
answer

Sociologists define the term race as a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics. t/f
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eye color
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All of the following are physical characteristics used to determine race except
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mongoloid
answer

Which of the following is not considered to be an ethnic group?
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collective discrimination
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a negative bias against an entire group.
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subjugation
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Maintaining control over a group through force is called ____.
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Jim Crow Laws
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In the 1800s,______ were passed requiring African Americans and white Americans to use separate facilities.
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true
answer

Cultural pluralism allows each minority group to keep its cultural identity. t/f
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population transfer
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The confinement of Japanese Americans to relocation camps during World War II is an example of
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true
answer

Affirmative action programs in the United States are an example of legal efforts to achieve equal rights. t/f
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false
answer

African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians have all faced the same levels of discrimination and prejudice. t/f
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false
answer

Jim Crow laws were legislation designed to put an end to legal discrimination. t/f
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subjugation
answer

All of the following are sources of prejudice and discrimination EXCEPT:
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low levels of prejudice
answer

In a society in which groups interact closely on a basis of equality, there tend to be
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the Civil Rights Act
answer

Legal discrimination in the United States was outlawed with the passage of
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cultural pluralism
answer

________ allows each group within society to keep its unique cultural identity.
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true
answer

The apartheid system in South Africa was an example of legal discrimination. t/f
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false
answer

De facto segregation is illustrated by unequal access to the resources of society that pushes some minority groups into less powerful positions. t/f
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de jure segregation
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Segregation based on laws is called _____
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legal discrimination
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A form of discrimination that is upheld by the law is called _____.
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genocide
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The extermination of an entire targeted population is called ______.
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segregation
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physical separation by policies.
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scapegoating
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Placing the blame for one’s troubles on an innocent individual or group.
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genocide
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the extermination of an entire race
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true
answer

For the dominant group in society, prejudice serves as a justification for discriminatory actions. t/f
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true
answer

Nazi Germany practiced subjugation. t/f
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false
answer

The Hispanic population only includes immigrants from Mexico. t/f
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true
answer

Immigrants have greatly affected many aspects of American culture, including food. t/f
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true
answer

During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, immigrants from predominantly Catholic countries faced open discrimination at the hands of the American-born white Protestant majority. t/f
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false
answer

In the 1900s, Asian immigrants mainly settled in the Southwest, while Hispanics settled along the east coast. t/f
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Asian Americans
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Competition for jobs produced physical violence and discrimination
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Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.
answer

All of the following acts have had an impact on Asian Americans except the
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Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
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Which act helped the American Indians in keeping their burial land protected?
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southern and eastern europe
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Immigrants in the 1900s were mainly from
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true
answer

The conflict between ideals and actions has been part of the American experience since the arrival of the white settlers on the North American continent in the 1500s. t/f
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false
answer

The Civil Rights movements of the 1950s and 1960s did not do much to help African-Americans. t/f
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American Indians
answer

Face many challenges, including suicide and alcohol-related deaths.
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true
answer

Asian Americans includes people of Filipino ancestry. t/f
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false
answer

A person’s sex is socially created, while gender is biologically determined. t/f
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women have less leisure time
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One result of the second shift is that
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true
answer

Women make up 52 percent of the voting-age population. t/f
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false
answer

The women’s movement in the United States began almost 250 years ago in the 1700s. t/f
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false
answer

Women in the United States have 10 hours more leisure time per week than men. t/f
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under representation in congress
answer

Which of the following is an example of gender inequality in politics?
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false
answer

On college campuses, 56 percent of all bachelor’s degrees are awarded to men. t/f
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true
answer

A new development in the political arena is that more women are holding statewide positions, which has increased from four percent in years past to twenty-nine percent. t/f
question

true
answer

The family is the most powerful agent of gender socialization. t/f
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men dominant politics
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Women make up 52 percent of the voting-age population and are more likely to vote, yet
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Civil Rights Act
answer

Which of the following is NOT a result of the women’s rights movement?
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true
answer

The Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1920, gave women the right to vote. t/f
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75 cents to the dollar
answer

The wage gap—the level of women’s income relative to that of men—is currently

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