Sociology Unit 1

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psychology
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The social science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organisms
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psychology
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The social science that differs from sociology primarily in that it focuses on individual behavior rather than on group behavior is
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sociological imagination
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The ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life is what sociologist C. Wright Mills called
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sociological perspective
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By adopting a ____, you can look beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meanings behind human actions
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sociology
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The social science that studies human society and social behavior is
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social phenomena
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Sociologists refer to observable facts or events that involve human society as
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false
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Psychology is the social science that studies human society and social behavior t/f
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social psychology
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the study of how the social environment affects an individual’s behavior and personality
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political science
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the examination of the organization and operation of governments voting patterns and political groups
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false
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political science is the study of past events t/f
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false
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By adopting a sociological imagination, you can look beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meanings behind human actions. t/f
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anthropology
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the comparative study of various aspects of past and present cultures Group behavior in advanced societies. Studying cultural traits of neighborhoods in large cities
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social sciences
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related disciplines that study various aspects of human social behavior
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manifest function
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An intended and recognized consequence of some element of society is a
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functionalist perspective
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People who view society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system are said to employ the
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false
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People who employ the interactionist perspective focus on the forces in society that promote competition and change t/f
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conflict perspective
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People who focus on the forces in society that promote competition and change employ the
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true
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symbolic interaction is where interactionists focus on how people use symbols when interacting
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symbol
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anything that represents something else
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theory
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an explanation of the relationships among particular phenomena
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the principle of Verstehen
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putting yourself in the place of others and trying to see situations through their eyes
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dysfunctional
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Functionalists view certain elements in society as ____, representing the negative consequences that elements have for the stability of the social system
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true
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A function is the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system t/f
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function
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the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system
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focuses on how people use symbols when interacting
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An interactionist perspective
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false
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A latent function is the intended and recognized consequence of some element of society t/f
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John Lofland
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From the following list, who did NOT influence the field of sociology during its early years
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Charles Darwin
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Herbert Spencer was strongly influenced by the views of ____, an evolutionist from the 1800s
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false
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Karl Marx coined the phrase \”survival of the fittest.\” t/f
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Herbert Spencer
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The phrase \”survival of the fittest,\” or the belief that the best aspects of society would survive over time, was coined by
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material culture
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The physical objects that people create and use form a group’s
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technology
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what sociologists sometimes refer to as the combination of objects and rules
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financial responsibility
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Norms that exist in our society include
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true
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Society consists of people, and culture consists of the material and nonmaterial products that people create t/f
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true
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Folkways are norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but do not have great moral significance attached to them t/f
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false
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Mores are norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them t/f
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norms
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shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations.
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culture complex
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The game of basketball is considered
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folk ways, mores, and laws
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Sociologists distinguish between these three types of norms
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ethnocentrism
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The following are examples of certain basic components of all cultures except
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false
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Basic components of a culture vary from society to society t/f
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society
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A group of interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity is a
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murder
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Folkways include all of the following except
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true
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All groups create norms to enforce their cultural values t/f
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false
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The most complex level of culture is the culture trait t/f
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false
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Values are the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system t/f
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books
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The following are examples of nonmaterial culture except
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false
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The features of a culture can be divided into three levels of complexity: traits, folkways, and patterns t/f
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true
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Culture consists of all the shared products of human groups t/f
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cultural universals
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Certain features that are developed to ensure the fulfillment of some needs of society and are common to all cultures.
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subculture
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Some groups in society share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population. The unique cultural characteristics of these groups form a
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ethnocentrism
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The tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior is called
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subculture
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A group that shares values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population
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attitude of cultural relativism
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the belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture
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Cultural relativism
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____ help(s) sociologists and anthropologists understand practices that seem strange or different from those of their own culture
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Margaret Mead
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The anthropologist that conducted a now-classic study of cultural variation in the 1930s was
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true
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The Arapesh and the Mundugumor were two societies in New Guinea that Margaret Mead conducted a study of cultural variation on in the 1930s. t/f
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false
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A group that accepts the major values, norms, and practices of the larger society is a subculture sociologists refer to as a counterculture. t/f
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cultural universals
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certain features that are developed to ensure the fulfillment of some needs of society and are common to all cultures
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true
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Most subcultures do not reject all of the values and practices of the larger society t/f
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The Navajo of the Southwest
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Which of the following are not examples of a subculture
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true
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Organized crime families and the hippie movement of the 1960s are examples of countercultures in the United States t/f
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false
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Margaret Mead, in the 1940s, compiled a list of more than 65 cultural universals after examining hundreds of different cultures t/f
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basic values
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Which of the following forms the foundation of the American culture
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self-fulfillment
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A commitment to the full development of one’s personality, talents, and potential is
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true
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Patriotism and education are traditional American values t/f
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56%
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What percentage of students were noted as having different values from their parents
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false
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Young Americans do not recognize the connection between hard work and success t/f
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work
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Match the value with the correct description. Disciplined effort
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false
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Narcissism is the tendency to view one’s own culture or group as superior to others t/f
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efficiency and practicality
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Match the value with the correct description. Every problem has a solution
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false
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Bell believed the established American values are stronger due to narcissism t/f
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personal achievement
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Match the value with the correct description. Working toward a specific goal
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self-fulfillment
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Which of the following is not a traditional American core value
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morality and humanitarianism
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Match the value with the correct description. Belief in justice and equality

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