Sociology in Modules Ch 17

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brain drain
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the immigration to the US and other industrialized nations of skilled works, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed in their home countries
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curanderismo
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latino folk medicine, a form of holistic health care and healing
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ecological modernization
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the alignment of environmentally favorable practices with economic self-interest through constant adaptation and restricting
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ecological justice
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a legal strategy based on claims that racial minorities are subjected disproportionately to environmental hazards
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environmental refugee
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a person who has been displaced by rising seas, destructive storms, expanding deserts, water shortages, or high levels of toxic pollutants
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health
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as defined by the World Heath Organization, a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity
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holistic medicine
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therapies in which the health care practitioner considers the person’s physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual characteristics
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human ecology
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an area of study that is concerned with the interrelationships between people and their environment
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incidence
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the number of new cases of a specific disorder that occur within a given population during a stated period
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infant mortality rate
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the number of infant deaths under 1 year old per 1,000 live births in a given year
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McDonaldization
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the process through which the principles of the fast-food restaurant are coming to dominant more and more sectors of society
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morbidity rate
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the incidence of disease in a given population
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mortality rate
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the incidence of death in a given population
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prevalence
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the total number of cases of a specific disorder that exist at a given time
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sick role
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societal expectations about the attitudes and behavior of a person viewed as being ill
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social epidemiology
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the study of the distribution of disease, impairment, and general health status across a population

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