Sociology Exam 3 cont’d

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Polish Americans, Russian Americans, and Greek Americans are examples of
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ethnic groups
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__________ is a process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture.
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assimilation
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__________ mobility is the social movement of individuals within their own lifetime.
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intragenerational
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While race refers to _____ considered important by a society, ethnicity refers to _____.
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biological traits; cultural traits
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When considering age, _______ have the highest percentage living in poverty no matter which age group one looks at.
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african americans
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The __________ states that global poverty can at least partially be attributed to the fact that the low-income countries have been exploited by the high-income countries.
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dependency theory
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Sociologist Max Weber divided those who work for wages into two classes. The __________ consists of white-collar workers, public officials, managers, and professionals.
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middle class
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__________ is the value of all of a person’s or family’s economic assets, including income, personal property, and income-producing property.
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wealth
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Which of the following groups has been the most privileged group in the United States?
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White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
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From which regions do most of today’s immigrants come?
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latin american and asia
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In the United States today, Native Americans make up about __________ percent of the population.
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less than 2
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In the United States today, African Americans make up about __________ percent of the population.
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13
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Sociologist Max Weber’s term __________ refers to the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care.
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life chances
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__________ occurs when people experience movement either up or down the class structure
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vertical mobility
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One of the most important characteristics of systems of stratification is their degree of flexibility. In an open system of stratification, _______________.
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people’s positions are influenced by achieved statuses
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__________ is the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on the control over basic resources.
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social stratification
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What year was the Civil Rights Act enacted in an attempt to do away with racial discrimination?
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1964
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Based on sociologist Max Weber’s system of stratification, __________ is the respect or regard with which a person or status position is regarded by others. It includes fame, respect, honor, and esteem.
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prestige
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Until the 1990s, the white South Africans controlled the government, the police, and the military by enforcing __________ the term used in South Africa for \”the separation of the races.\”
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apartheid
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Persons of color and white women are considered to be __________ group members in the United States, particularly when these individuals are from lower-income categories.
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minority
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__________ occurs when people experience a gain or loss in position and/or income that does not produce a change in their place in the class structure.
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horizontal mobility
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__________ mobility is the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next.
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intergenerational
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According to sociologist Erik Wright’s Marxian model, the __________ is composed of individuals who have inherited fortunes, own major corporations, or are top corporate executives with extensive stock holdings or control of company investments.
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captialist class
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For most social scientists, the most significant aspect of race is its
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significance as a social definition.
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__________ is a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.
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racism

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