sociology chapter 6 – social roles Essay

question

Thomas Theorem
answer

states that when a situation is defined as real to an individual or group, it becomes real in its consequences
question

Definition of the situation
answer

states that individuals will define the same situation in different ways based on their own subjective experience
question

dramaturgical approach
answer

viewing social interaction as akin to stage performance
question

Erving Goffman
answer

introduced dramaturgical approach and impression management
question

Impression management
answer

refers to the strategies people adopt when presenting themselves publicly
question

status
answer

a recognized social position within society that an individual occupies
question

status set
answer

a collection of statuses held by an individual in a given time
question

ascribed status
answer

a position that an individual inherits or is born with
question

achieved status
answer

a position that an individual earns through hardwork
question

master status
answer

the status of an individual that dominates all other statuses and plays the greatest role in the individual’s social identity
question

status hierarchy
answer

term used to describe the ranking of statuses from high to low based on power and prestige
question

status inconsistency
answer

when a person occupies statuses that are ranked differently
question

role
answer

is a set of expected behaviors, attitudes and responsibilities associated with a particular status
question

Robert Merton
answer

developed the idea of role set
question

Role set
answer

comprises all the roles attached to a status
question

role strain
answer

tension or disharmony between roles within the role set of a particular status
question

role conflict
answer

incompatible expectations generated by two or more statuses
question

role exit
answer

involves disengaging from a role that has been central to one’s identity and attempting to establish a new one
question

example of achieved status
answer

occupation/ profession athlete graduate
question

example of ascribed status
answer

monarchy / king or queen sex race
question

example of status
answer

mother/ father CEO baseball player Actor/Actress
question

example of status set
answer

Mother Wife sister Aunt
question

example of role
answer

parent is expected to take care of their child and provide them with the basic needs of life baseball player is expected to play their best performance to hit the ball and win the game
question

example of role set
answer

a police officer (status) is a law enforcer as well as a protector
question

example of role strain
answer

Police officer is charged with convicting a criminal but also protecting them from harm a student chooses to study for an upcoming test or hang out with one’s friends
question

example of role conflict
answer

A CEO of a company is a mother and a wife and has to choose between going to the office or taking care of her family at home A baseball player is also a father to his new born son has to choose to play the opening game of the season or spend time with his new born

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member