Sociology 2nd Exam Vocab

One-person
More people live in—-households than any other time in history

Idea,idea
Symbols communicate—-while being distinct from—-itself

Distinctions of honor, inequality, competition
Studying symbols helps us understand things about society that are not often discussed

Media framing
Theories discusses how the media creates narrative for public to make sense out of what happening around them

Thick descriptions
Ethnographer Clifford Greertz argue that—- of context are necessary to understand meaning behind behaviors

Our taste, preferences, skills
Bourdieu’s concept of habitus refers to—-

Children
NOT a subculture

U.S. Army
NOT a counterculture

Hegemony
—-legitimizes and empowers a societies elites

California
Highest percent of Americans do not speak English at home in—-

40 %
Proportion of americans nonwhite

Achieve shared goals
Function of positive power is to—-

Agenda setting
Presidents engage in—-focusing on topics, such as health care, that they believe are most important

Three-dimensional
Your boss comes into the office, you try to look as busy as possible

Welfare state
Social security, Health and unemployment insurance, welfare for poor families compromise—-

Downward
Since end of World War II, trend in the corporate tax rate has been—-

Ronald Reagan
Attempted to close some loopholes that GE was using to avoid corporate income taxes

Higher than
Rates of poverty in U.S. are—-the rates of poverty in comparison group of similar high income nations after gov. antipoverty programs are taken into account

Social inequality
The concept of—- at the heart of study of social stratification

Hunting and gathering societies
Fewest opportunities for social inequality to emerge

Slaves
No rights of citizenship, are compelled to work for others

$31,000
Average income per person in the U.S. by 2008

Mexican
According to Forbes magazine, in 2012, richest individual in world

$180,000/$21,000
According to US Census Bureau data from 2010, top 5% of Americans had family incomes above—-whereas bottom 20% had earning under—-

32%
Top 1% of world’s population controls—- of entire world’s wealth

$2.00 a day
2 billion of world poor live on less than—-

Considered as income
Illegal or “underground” earnings from crime or from untaxed (undeclared) work or activity—-

Exceeds
For poor and middle-class families, consumption often—-reported income

U.S.
Comparative data indicate,only—-is NOT considered egalitarian

1980’s
Homelessness began to grow into a serious problem in U.S.

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