Sociology 2nd Exam Vocab – Flashcards

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One-person
answer
More people live in----households than any other time in history
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Idea,idea
answer
Symbols communicate----while being distinct from----itself
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Distinctions of honor, inequality, competition
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Studying symbols helps us understand things about society that are not often discussed
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Media framing
answer
Theories discusses how the media creates narrative for public to make sense out of what happening around them
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Thick descriptions
answer
Ethnographer Clifford Greertz argue that---- of context are necessary to understand meaning behind behaviors
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Our taste, preferences, skills
answer
Bourdieu's concept of habitus refers to----
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Children
answer
NOT a subculture
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U.S. Army
answer
NOT a counterculture
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Hegemony
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----legitimizes and empowers a societies elites
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California
answer
Highest percent of Americans do not speak English at home in----
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40 %
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Proportion of americans nonwhite
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Achieve shared goals
answer
Function of positive power is to----
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Agenda setting
answer
Presidents engage in----focusing on topics, such as health care, that they believe are most important
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Three-dimensional
answer
Your boss comes into the office, you try to look as busy as possible
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Welfare state
answer
Social security, Health and unemployment insurance, welfare for poor families compromise----
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Downward
answer
Since end of World War II, trend in the corporate tax rate has been----
question
Ronald Reagan
answer
Attempted to close some loopholes that GE was using to avoid corporate income taxes
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Higher than
answer
Rates of poverty in U.S. are----the rates of poverty in comparison group of similar high income nations after gov. antipoverty programs are taken into account
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Social inequality
answer
The concept of---- at the heart of study of social stratification
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Hunting and gathering societies
answer
Fewest opportunities for social inequality to emerge
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Slaves
answer
No rights of citizenship, are compelled to work for others
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$31,000
answer
Average income per person in the U.S. by 2008
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Mexican
answer
According to Forbes magazine, in 2012, richest individual in world
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$180,000/$21,000
answer
According to US Census Bureau data from 2010, top 5% of Americans had family incomes above----whereas bottom 20% had earning under----
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32%
answer
Top 1% of world's population controls---- of entire world's wealth
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$2.00 a day
answer
2 billion of world poor live on less than----
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Considered as income
answer
Illegal or "underground" earnings from crime or from untaxed (undeclared) work or activity----
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Exceeds
answer
For poor and middle-class families, consumption often----reported income
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U.S.
answer
Comparative data indicate,only----is NOT considered egalitarian
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1980's
answer
Homelessness began to grow into a serious problem in U.S.
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question
One-person
answer
More people live in----households than any other time in history
question
Idea,idea
answer
Symbols communicate----while being distinct from----itself
question
Distinctions of honor, inequality, competition
answer
Studying symbols helps us understand things about society that are not often discussed
question
Media framing
answer
Theories discusses how the media creates narrative for public to make sense out of what happening around them
question
Thick descriptions
answer
Ethnographer Clifford Greertz argue that---- of context are necessary to understand meaning behind behaviors
question
Our taste, preferences, skills
answer
Bourdieu's concept of habitus refers to----
question
Children
answer
NOT a subculture
question
U.S. Army
answer
NOT a counterculture
question
Hegemony
answer
----legitimizes and empowers a societies elites
question
California
answer
Highest percent of Americans do not speak English at home in----
question
40 %
answer
Proportion of americans nonwhite
question
Achieve shared goals
answer
Function of positive power is to----
question
Agenda setting
answer
Presidents engage in----focusing on topics, such as health care, that they believe are most important
question
Three-dimensional
answer
Your boss comes into the office, you try to look as busy as possible
question
Welfare state
answer
Social security, Health and unemployment insurance, welfare for poor families compromise----
question
Downward
answer
Since end of World War II, trend in the corporate tax rate has been----
question
Ronald Reagan
answer
Attempted to close some loopholes that GE was using to avoid corporate income taxes
question
Higher than
answer
Rates of poverty in U.S. are----the rates of poverty in comparison group of similar high income nations after gov. antipoverty programs are taken into account
question
Social inequality
answer
The concept of---- at the heart of study of social stratification
question
Hunting and gathering societies
answer
Fewest opportunities for social inequality to emerge
question
Slaves
answer
No rights of citizenship, are compelled to work for others
question
$31,000
answer
Average income per person in the U.S. by 2008
question
Mexican
answer
According to Forbes magazine, in 2012, richest individual in world
question
$180,000/$21,000
answer
According to US Census Bureau data from 2010, top 5% of Americans had family incomes above----whereas bottom 20% had earning under----
question
32%
answer
Top 1% of world's population controls---- of entire world's wealth
question
$2.00 a day
answer
2 billion of world poor live on less than----
question
Considered as income
answer
Illegal or "underground" earnings from crime or from untaxed (undeclared) work or activity----
question
Exceeds
answer
For poor and middle-class families, consumption often----reported income
question
U.S.
answer
Comparative data indicate,only----is NOT considered egalitarian
question
1980's
answer
Homelessness began to grow into a serious problem in U.S.