Socio exam2

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Basic principles of social stratification
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1. a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences; 2. Social stratification carries over from generation to generation 3. Social stratification is universal but variable; 4. involves inequality and beliefs
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Class status most American claim they are
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Middle class
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Class consiousness
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Awareness of ones own social status and that of others
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Intragenerational mobility
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Movement between social classes during ones life time
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Intergenerational mobility
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Movement between generations
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Characteristics of average minimum wage worker
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Poor and thinks the whole world is trying to hold them down (get angry at white man)
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Caste system
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A form of social stratification in which status is determined by one family history and background and cannot be changed
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Status inconsistency
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A situation in which an individual has differing levels of status in terms of wealth, power, prestige or other elements of socioeconomic status
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Homogamy
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Tendency to choose romantic partners who are similar to us in terms of class, race, education, religion, and other social group memberships
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Heterogamy
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Choosing romantic partners who are dissimilar to us in terms of class, race, education, religion, and other social group membership
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Health
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Mental or physical condition
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Crime rates
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Huge -trump
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% of US population below poverty line
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43.5 million thats 14.5%
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How CA demographics challenges the word minority
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Prejudice vs discrimination
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Prejudice : an idea about the characteristics of a group and you wont change you mind Discrimination: the unequal treatment based on their social group usually motivated by prejudice
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Prejudice examples
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All Irish are drunks All Mexicans are lazy
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GI bill effect on African Americans
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Bc the vets were african american from the war, they were still segregated from the benefits of the act. Such as free education, unemployment/ housing benefits.
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Identity challenge
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The challenge between race/gender identity in todays enviroment
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Sex vs gender
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Sex: Individuals membership in one of two categories male or female based on biological factors Gender: physical, behavioral, and personality traits that belong to make or females
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Gender socialization
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Begins early come from families, school, peers, media, religion etc
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Patriarchy
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Literally meaning \”rule of the father\” a male dominating society
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Girls get better grades than boys- translate into material success
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they are typically credited for Hardwork rather than intellectual ability
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Older women cougars- gender – language
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There is no word for men thats why hes asking what does this show about our gender and language and its used to keep women in their place
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Microagression
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Everyday use of ordinary language that may send denigrating messages to members of certain social groups : example = use gay to describe something you dont like or he to describe man kind
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Essentialism
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Believing gender roles have a biological origin and cannot be changed
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Depression
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Women twice as likley to suffer from also why women are paid less because depression makes them less suitable in stressful environments
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% inmates in correctional facilities that are men
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2.2 million 90% men
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Social institutions
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Systems and structures within society that shape the activities of groups and individuals
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Techniques used to disenfranchise part of American population
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Felons, on parole, probation, must register to vote, must have valid id, held on a tuesday, photo id, faulty voting equiptment, poorly trained poll workers, scarce resources
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Large scale social social change has made celebrity politicians more popular and successful
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the increasing importance of television
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Hidden curriculum
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Hidden curriculum: Values or behaviors that students learn indirectly over the course of their schooling because of the structure of the educational system and the teaching methods used (page 303)
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Examples of social media
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If u don’t know you’re dumber than the average pickle
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Subjects taught in European universities during the middle ages
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law, theology, medicine
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Changes that caused people to migrate from rural areas to inner cities
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Industrial revolution created factory jobs
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Industrial revolution
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The rapid transformation of social life resulting from the technological and economic developments that began with the assembly line, steam power, and urbanization
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Knowledge worker
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Primarily deals with information producing value in economy through ideas, judgements, analyses, designs, or innovations
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Capitalism
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An economic system based on the laws of free market competition, privatization of the means of production, collective distribution of goods and services, and govt regulation for profit
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Telecommuting
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Working from home while staying connected to the office through communication technology
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Information technology
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the study or use of systems (especially computers and telecommunications) for storing, retrieving, and sending information
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How are strikes different from acts of resistance
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Resistance is using work time to surf the web or hang your own pictures on the wall even sabotaging the work line but strike is a collective form and they seek solutions to shared problems
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Sweatshops
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A workplace where workers are subjected to extreme exploitation, including below standard wages, long hours, and poor woking conditions that may pose health or safety hazards
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Family
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A social group whose members are bound by legal, biological, or emotional ties, or a combination of all of these
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Family reproduction of society
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Financial , human, social, and cultural capital
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Major factors involved in forming relationships and forming mates
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Propquinity
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The tendency to partner with people who live close by
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% of marriages that end in divorce change since 1950
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Was about ?? Is about 10% divorced It supposably increased a lot
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Why marriage rates are lower today than the 1960’s
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Increase in cohabitation among unmarried couples and caution of high divorce rates
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Circumstances
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Fact or connection to an outcome/ event
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Joint custody children after divorce
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Who gets who
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Gender division of labor- birth children
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Domestic abuse-main reason abusive partners
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Desire for power over the victim

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