Social Work Final (Ch. 8, Ch. 10-14, Ch. 16)

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Moving away from institutional care to community-based care for the mentally ill and developmentally disabled is commonly referred to as
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Deinstitutionalization
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Which type of prevention program works with adult children of alcoholics to prevent them from becoming an alcoholic?
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Secondary
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Which group in the U.S. has the highest suicide rate?
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Males over the age of 85
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Which of the following is not a true statement regarding alcoholism and drug abuse?
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There is consensus in the field of alcohol and drug abuse that addiction is a disease.
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The concepts of mental health and mental illness are
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difficult to define due to the multiplicity of factors that must be considered
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The development of an individualized education plan or IEP is a requirement of which of the following?
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
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Which of the following statements is not true about the ecological/systems framework applied to mental illness?
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Environmental factors do not play a role in mental illness
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The fourth revolution in mental health can be characterized as
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client/patient rights and consumer groups
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Which of the following groups is over-represented among the homeless?
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The mentally ill
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Thomas Szasz believes that mental health problems are most often caused by
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Problems of living and social stress
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Which of the following is not a true statement regarding developmental disabilities:
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Most persons classified as having developmental disabilities have vision or hearing problems
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Which statement is not accurate about the relationship between homelessness and mental illness?
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The majority of the homeless are mentally ill
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Which of the following factors is not directly associated with developmental disabilities?
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mental and emotional stress mothers experience while pregnant
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Changes in treatment of the mentally ill in the early 1900s received major impetus from the work of:
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Dorthea Dix
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Which of the following statements is not true about alcohol abuse in the United States?
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alcohol abuse is on the decline because of public information efforts targeted primarily at youth
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Families that involve marriages between partners who each have children from previous marriages are often referred to as:
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Blended families
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Which group of children is most at risk of child maltreatment?
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Infants
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Which type of psychological maltreatment involves an adult who refuses to acknowledge the child’s worth and the legitimacy of the child’s needs?
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Rejecting
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Which of the factors associated with teen pregnancy is also associated with child abuse:
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infants born to teenagers are more likely to have low birth weight, be premature, and have congenital problems
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About what proportion of marriages in the U.S. ends up in divorce?
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About 1/3
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Which of the following groups of children are least likely to be abused than others?
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children from two-parent families
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What percentage of adults remarry after a divorce?
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75%
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According to the \”tip of the iceberg\” national incidence study of child abuse and neglect, about what proportion of cases are actually known to child protective services agencies?
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30%
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Which of the following groups by the very nature of their positions within the socioeconomic hierarchy are most likely to experience family problems?
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Single-parent females of color
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The terms \”enabler\”, \”hero\”, \”mascot\”, and \”scapegoat\” are most often associated with families in which one or more family members:
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is involved with substance abuse
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Approximately how many families in the U.S. today are single-parent families?
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23%
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Which type of sexual abuse is considered by many to have the most serious personal and social consequences for the victim?
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Incest
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Which type of domestic violence includes behavior such as not allowing a partner to go anywhere without the abuser?
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humiliation and degradation
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Parents who suddenly decide to go to a party and leave their children alone would be classified as which type of neglectful parent?
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impulse-ridden
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Which of the following systems has more impact on the individual throughout the life cycle than any other system?
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The family
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Which type of maltreatment of older adults is the most common?
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Self-neglect
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Which type of substitute care is typically reserved for children and adolescents who need intensive structure and therapeutic services?
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Residential treatment
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Parents Anonymous, Circle of Parents, Tough Love, and Parents without Partners are all examples of:
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Self-help mutual support programs
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The shift from categorical funding to block grants will likely result in:
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Significant variations among states regarding the types of services to children, youth, and families provided and who gets them
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The Indian Child Welfare Act was passed to
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Preserve the cultures of Native American children and prevent disruption of Native American families
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The Multiethnic Ethnic Act of 1994 guaranteed that:
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Children would not be denied placement with a foster or adoptive family solely on the basis of race, color, or national origin of either the prospective parent or the child involved
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The new standard relative to which children should be considered adoptable is:
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Any child in need of a permanent home should be considered adoptable
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The primary goal of family preservation programs is to:
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Keep families together
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Social networks of friends, relatives, neighbors, and co-workers are all examples of:
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Informal or natural support systems
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When trying to determine the most appropriate intervention in regard to the needs of children and families, Goldstein, Solnit, Goldstein, and Freud say to focus on the
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Least detrimental alternative
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During colonial times, children were considered to be the responsibility of:
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Their families
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Child welfare services are often referred to residual in nature. To what does this refer?
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the fact that services are provided after problems have already occurred
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The least restrictive type of substitute care is:
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Family foster care
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In the child welfare system, the term drifting in care is most often associated with which program?
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Foster Care
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The majority of older Americans
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Are able to move about in the community even though they have one or more disease symptoms
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From an ecological/systems perspective which of the following would be MOST LIKELY to contribute to the symptoms of dysfunctional behavior that appear in old age?
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The environment in which the person lives
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The GREATEST source of retirement income for the majority of older Americans is:
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Social Security
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At which level of the ecological/systems framework is social work intervention with the aged the MOST common?
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Micro-level
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The majority of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities in the U.S. are:
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Private, profit-making businesses
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The primary reason for alternatives to nursing home care such as home health care, visiting nurses, and personal care homes is to:
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enable older adults to reside in their own homes for a longer period of time
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Which theory of aging holds that a person’s personality formed early in life changes little over the life span?
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continuity theory
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Which theory of aging emphasizes positive adaptation and life satisfaction based on mastering new tasks as the individual moves through the life cycle?
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Developmental theory
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The term \”senescence\” is typically used to describe the:
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Onset of the degenerative process in aging
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The care of terminally ill patients in a familiar environment that minimizes pain and maintains personal dignity and control over the dying process is called:
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Hospice care
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A legal device that enables an individual to delineate the conditions under which he or she would refuse artificial means to maintain life is called a(an):
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Living will
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Most older adults rely primarily on which type of health insurance program for their medical care
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Medicare
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Why are middle aged people sometimes referred to as the sandwich generation?
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They are supporting both their children and their older parents
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Which of the following roles is least likely to be performed by social workers?
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Prison Warden
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Which of the following usually occurs after release from a state prison or federal penitentiary?
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Parole
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Which of the following juvenile correctional institutions has the highest degree of security?
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Training schools
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In the United States, each state is allowed to enact its own criminal statutes, within the restrictions dictated by the:
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U.S. Constitution
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In which court are only members of the state bar allowed to preside as judges?
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Trial court
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The juvenile court was established
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in 1899 to focus on the best interests of the child
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Which component of the criminal justice system defines the types of conduct that are criminal and establishes a range of penalties for such behavior?
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Legislative
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In the case of Gerald Gault, the Supreme Court decision provided for:
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Due process of legal rights for juveniles
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Which of the following courts is sometimes called superior, municipal, justice of the peace, and magistrate courts?
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Lower criminal court
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Which component of the criminal justice system determines whether or not a crime has been committed, whether a punishment should be assessed, and what the punishment should be?
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Judicial
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Which view of criminal behavior suggests that criminal behavior is learned?
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Psychological/psychosocial
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Which view of criminal behavior is based on unresolved conflicts between the superego and the id?
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Psychological
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Which rehabilitation program had its beginnings in the early 1900s, fell into disfavor, and has seen a gain in popularity since the 1980s?
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Prison industries
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The federal system and which two state systems hold one-third of the prisoners in the United States?
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Texas and California
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Which view of criminal behavior suggests that criminal behavior is an illegal form of entrepreneurship?
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Economic
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Which of the following services, even if available at no cost to the client, is least likely to be used in a rural area?
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Mental health counseling
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The per capita income in rural areas compared to urban areas is:
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lower
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A social worker in a rural environment is least likely to encounter:
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a professional network that provides opportunities for consultation and feedback
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The term telemedicine refers to:
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the availability of medical consultation and advice via telecommunications
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Which of the following individuals acts most like a social worker in rural communities?
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County agent
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Social networks in rural settings are:
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less formal and organized than those found in urban areas
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Which type of social work approach is best suited to the rural setting?
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Generalist practice
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The unemployment rate in rural areas compared to urban areas is typically
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Higher
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The county extension office in rural areas is funded by the:
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U.S. Department of Agriculture
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The small farmer in rural communities is:
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Slowly becoming a thing of the past
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When comparing people in rural areas to their counterparts in urban areas, those who live in rural areas tend to:
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have fewer resources available to them
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The greatest challenge to providing mental health services in rural communities is:
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Maintaining privacy
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Which of the following statements best describes the U.S. rural and urban classification system?
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the system has limited utility because it is based on population size and not behavioral attributes
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Who would be considered most to be an outsider in a rural community?
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Persons from metro or urban areas
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Politically, rural environments are usually characterized as:
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Conservative
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Persons who have well-founded fear of being persecuted for reason of race, religion, nationality, or membership in a particular group and is outside his or her own country and unable or unwilling to be protected by that country is termed a(n):
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Refugee
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Which of the following is the leading cause of death in the U.S.?
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Heart Diseases
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The affiliate of the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) in the United States is:
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National Association of Social Workers (NASW)
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Which international organization is most likely to have up-to-date information on child exploitation throughout the world?
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Amnesty International
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Which type of organization is best suited for social workers with little or no prior experience who seek international careers?
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U.S.-based nongovernmental organizations such as Save the Children or World Vision
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How many children worldwide are estimated to live and work on the streets?
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100 Million
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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was published in 1948 by
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The United Nations
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Which of the following statements is true about the accumulation of wealth in the world?
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20% of the people own about 80% of the wealth
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Countries representing what percentage of the world’s population make virtually 100% of the world’s economic decisions, and most of the military ones, without consultation from the world community?
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10%
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Which organization is the best known international intergovernmental organization of IGO?
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United Nations
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The American Friends Service Committee and Direct Relief International are examples of which type of organization?
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U.S.-based non-governmental organization
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Which type of organization offers international careers for social workers with little or no prior experience?
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Foundations
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Amnesty International, International Planned Parenthood Federation, International Red Cross, and the International Salvation Army are all examples of
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International non-governmental organizations or NGOs
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Why do Specht and Courtney refer to contemporary social workers as \”unfaithful angels\”?:
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They have abandoned their commitment to social and economic justice and working with the poor
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In which of the following areas are opportunities for social workers expected to grow the least?
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Private Practice

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