Social Studies Vocabulary Review Essay

question

population
answer

the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.)
question

population density
answer

The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
question

colony
answer

a settlement ruled by another country
question

goods
answer

things that are bought and sold
question

culture
answer

the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, values, and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
question

custom
answer

a way of doing things
question

forestry
answer

the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber
question

deforestation
answer

The process of stripping the land of its trees
question

delta
answer

flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
question

erosion
answer

wearing away of the land by the action of water, ice, or wind
question

market economy
answer

an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
question

industry
answer

the organized action of making of goods and services for sale
question

industrialize
answer

to change an economy to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming
question

latitude
answer

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
question

limited government
answer

The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens
question

literacy rate
answer

percentage of people who can read and write
question

longitude
answer

lines that run north and south
question

pyramid
answer

Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom
question

subsistence farming
answer

raising just enough crops to support one’s family
question

terraced field
answer

strips of land cut out of a hillside like stair steps so the land can hold water and be used for farming
question

mayans
answer

A Mesoamerican civilization of Central America and southern Mexico. Achievements include mathematics, architecture, and a 365 day a year calendar. They flourished between the 4th and 12th centuries C.E..
question

incas
answer

They were a South American Indian culture that was devastated by Pizarro and the Spanish in the 1530s.
question

unlimited government
answer

A government in which no limits are imposed on the ruler’s authority. The leaders don’t have to follow the same laws as everyone else.
question

primary industry
answer

the part of the economy that produces raw materials; examples include agriculture, fishing, mining, and forestry.
question

secondary industry
answer

Manufacturing businesses that take materials from primary industries and other secondary industries and make them into goods.
question

tertiary industry
answer

Provides goods and services to people and businesses
question

developed country
answer

a country that relies more on manufacturing and industrialization than farming
question

developing country
answer

one that has low industrial prodution and little modern tecnology
question

per capita
answer

per person
question

plateau
answer

an area of high, flat land
question

approximately
answer

Almost, but not exactly; more or less
question

corridor
answer

a passageway
question

predominate
answer

to be greatest in number or importance
question

life expectancy
answer

the average number of years a person would expect to live in a society
question

gross domestic product
answer

the total value of all goods and services produced in nation during a one-year period
question

physical processes
answer

natural forces that change earth’s physical features
question

adjacent
answer

next to
question

physical features
answer

Landforms, bodies of water, climate, and soil, plant and animal life, and other natural resources
question

traditional economy
answer

goods and services are produced the way it has always been done
question

ramadan
answer

the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset
question

five pillars of faith
answer

the essential duties of Muslims must fulfill; faith, prayer, alms, fasting and pilgrimage
question

command economy
answer

a system in which the central government makes all economic decisions

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member