Social Studies Final Exam Review Ch 13

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Who constructed the first mechanical reaper
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Cyrus McCormick
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By 1869 the midwest and the east were united by a network of
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railroad tracks
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With other workers of the same skills, workers formed
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trade unions
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Famine caused people from which country to immigrate to the US
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Ireland
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Arriving between 1820 and 1860 the second largest group of immigrants was from
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Germany
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What was \”king\” and the main topic of conversation in the South?
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cotton
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a shortage of what would have devastating consequences for the south during the civil war
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railroads
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What large group of southerners owned small farms about 50 -200 acres
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yeomen
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who watched over the enslaved household workers and tended to them when they became ill
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plantation wife
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Most enslaved people on plantations worked as
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field hands
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Land, labor and capital are often called
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factors of production
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who led a group of enslaved African Americans in rebellion against their slaveholders in 1831
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Nat Turner
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most factory workers lived in
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slums
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to put pressure on employers, workers staged
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strikes
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many immigrants from which country became servants and factory workers
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Ireland
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What transformed the stagnant economy of the South into a prosperous, robust economy
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cotton
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The largest group of whites in the south were
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yeomen
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What group of Southerners measured their wealth partly by the number of enslaved people they controlled
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plantation farmers
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Enslaved people needed an extended family because the
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could be sold
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what made it a crime to teach enslaved people to read or write
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slave codes
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How many phases to complete the industrialization of the North
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3
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in 1852 there were 23,000 miles of
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telegraph lines in the US
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The mechanical reaper was invented by
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Cyrus McCormick
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In 1842 a Mass Court ruled it was legal for workers to
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strike
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Nativists
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formed the Know Nothing political party in the US
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Eli Whitney invented the
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cotton gin
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What transformed the economy of the South
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cotton gin
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Important transportation in the south
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waterways
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1808 congress outlawed
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slave trade
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The south had low literacy rates
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because fewer people in the south attended school
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Peter Cooper
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built first US Steam Locomotive
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nativists
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members of know nothing party
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credit
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a form of a loan
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Samuel Morse
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transmitted first telegraph message
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Nat Turner
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enslaved African American who rebelled
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industry
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the North’s main income
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cotton gin
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increased cotton production
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overseer
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plantation manager
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agriculture
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the South’s main income
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fixed costs
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regular expenses

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