Social Studies Concepts List

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Advocacy
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Actions designed to raise public support and draw a community’s attention to an issue and help find a solution.
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Discrimination
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While prejudice defines what you believe about a group of people, discrimination is the action you take toward those beliefs. Eg. Treating people differently based on your beliefs about their race, age, gender, or religious beliefs.
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Equality
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The notion that all human beings are entitled to the same human rights without distinction.
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Gender
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The socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. The state of being male or female within a given society.
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Genocide
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The systematic and deliberate killing of a group based on racial, religious or ethnic beliefs.
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Human Rights
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The belief that all people have a right to certain basic standards or treatment and equality of opportunity. These rights allow a person to have a fair, free and peaceful life.
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Minority Groups
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A group of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live. In some societies they are treated unequally and regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination.
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Predjudice
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Thoughts, feelings and beliefs you hold about a certain group of people that lead you to pre-judge them in your mind.
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Racism
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Resentment directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.
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Refugee
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A person who has fled from their country to escape persecution due mainly to religious or political differences.
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Social Justice
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The outcome or result of social action taken by people (groups or individuals) to develop fair treatment and equality for all people. For example, protest actions that result in equal opportunities for people despite their gender, colour, religion, ethnicity, etc. As a result society values diversity and gets rid of injustice.
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Stereotype
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When you make generalisations about a group of people based on a small sample of these people. E.g. all Asians like to eat rice. According to this stereotype, if you are Asian, that automatically means that you unconditionally love to eat rice. Generalisations made from stereotypes are not the most reliable to base you judgement on. All Asians are brainy.
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Universal Declaration of Human Rights
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A document created by the United Nations establishing human rights standards for everybody in the world. It is not international law that has to be followed.

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